Battle Honours and Honorary Distinctions

SCARPE, 1917

This battle honour designation refers to three battles of the Scarpe in 1917:

Date

(a) 9-14 April 1917

(b) 23-24 April 1917

(c) 3-4 May 1917

Geographical Parameters

(a) Chérisy – Hamelincourt – Maroeuil (exclusive) – Willerval (exclusive)

(b) The river Sensée from Vis-en-Artois to Ervillers (exclusive): thence a line to Dainville (exclusive – Bailleul – Oppy

(c) The river Sensée from Vis-en-Artois to St. Léger: then a line to Boyelles – Beaurains – Roclincourt – Vimy – Acheville

Context

(a) A battle honour incorporating the tactical incidents “Capture of Monchy-le-Preux” and “Capture of Wancourt Ridge”, formally entitled the “First Battle of the Scarpe, 1917” and itself being part of “The Battles of Arras, 1917”

(b) A battle honour incorporating the tactical incidents “Capture of Guémappe” and “Capture of Gavrelle” with subsidiary “Attack on la Coulotte” (23 April 1917, geographically defined as Road Méricourt – Vimy – Neuville St. Vaast – la Targette – Souchez: thence the river Souchez), formally entitled the “Second Battle of the Scarpe, 1917”, and itself being part of “The Battles of Arras, 1917”

(c) A battle honour incorporating the tactical incident “Capture of Fresnoy”, formally entitled the “Third Battle of the Scarpe”, and itself being part of “The Battles of the Arras, 1917” 1.

Description

(a) 9-14 April 1917 - “First Battle of the Scarpe, 1917” This First Battle of the Scarp principally involved Third Army's role in the opening of the Battle of Arras. It includes the attacks launched on 9 April and the days that followed that pushed the Germans back north and south of the Scarpe River. This included the heroic efforts of the Newfoundland Regiment in defending Monchy-le-Preux from repeated German counter-attacks on 14 April.

(b) 23-24 April 1917 - “Second Battle of the Scarpe, 1917 The main effort of Second Battle of the Scarpe was to capture part of the Hindenburg position and push the Germans to the Drocourt-Quéant line south of the River Scarpe. The Canadian Corps (Lieutenant-General Sir A.W. Currie) was only involved in a minor attack in supporting the British 5th Division, which was still under its command, which would join the British 46th Division in a local attack astride the Souchez River.

(c) 3-4 May 1917 - Third Battle of the Scarpe The Third Battle of the Scarpe was a general offensive by all three armies astride the Scarpe to secure better defensive positions. In the Canadian Corps sector, the attack focussed on the village of Fresnoy-en-Gohelle. The Canadian participation principally involved attacks by 1st (Brigadier-General W.A. Griesbach) and 6th (Brigadier-General H.D.B. Ketchen) Brigades which were launched under a heavy artillery barrage on the night of 2 / 3 May. The Canadians took their objectives and then endured heavy German shelling and counter-attacks throughout the day of 3 May 1917. However difficult, they held their positions until they were relieved two days later.

Awarded to:

Currently Serving Units

Units on the Supplementary Order of Battle

Disbanded Units