Battle Honours and Honorary Distinctions

YPRES, 1917



Sketch of Flanders, 1917, and the advances
made by Belgian, French, and British armies
during the summer and early fall of 1917

Credit: Sketch by Nicholson, found in C.E.F.
1914-1919 p.305.

Date

31 July – 10 November 1917

Geographical Parameters

The Comines-Ypres Canal as far as Voormezeele; thence road to Vlamertinghe Château – Elverdinghe Château – Woesten – Bixschoote



Passchendaele, now a field of mud.
November, 1917. (The Battles of Ypres)
This is part of a panorama (right half)
the whole panorama is PA-040139 and the
left side is PA-040140.

Credit: William Rider-Rider/Canada.
Department of National Defence/Library
and Archives Canada/PA-040141;
(MIKAN no. 3643039)

Context

A group honour incorporating the “Battle of Pilckem Ridge”, the “Battle of Langemarck, 1917”, the “Battle of the Menin Road Ridge”, the “Battle of Polygon Wood”, the “Battle of Broodseinde”, the “Battle of Poelcappelle”, the “First Battle of Passchendaele”, and the “Second Battle of Passchendaele”, formally entitled “The Battles of Ypres, 1917”, and itself being part of “The Flanders Offensive (7 June – 10 November 1917)” 1.

Description

The Honour “Ypres 1917” was awarded as a Campaign Honour for the series of attacks that led up to the taking of Passchendaele. Begun on 31 July this campaign had anticipated a breakthrough in the German lines but ended up as a series of attacks that slowly chipped away at the German positions and wore down their forces. Adverse weather combined with the low lying ground and mud of Flanders made the fighting and living conditions difficult for the attackers and defenders. The hope for breakthrough by the British High command never materialized but the repeated attacks were maintained in order to keep pressure on the German forces in part to ease pressure on the French. Most of the Canadian involvement in this campaign came as the closing chapter in taking Passchendaele Ridge. This battle of attrition cost enormous casualties on both sides.



Map of the Battle of Passchendaele.
Credit: Map by Nicholson, found in C.E.F. 1914-1919 p.326.

Awarded to:

Currently Serving Units

Units on the Supplementary Order of Battle

Disbanded Units