Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - ARMOUR REGIMENTS

8TH CANADIAN HUSSARS (PRINCESS LOUISE'S)

8TH CANADIAN HUSSARS (PRINCESS LOUISE'S) BADGE

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Colonel-in-Chief: Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal LG LT GCVO QSO CD

BADGE

Description

Or the Roman numerals "VIII" Argent within a knotted surcingle Azure edged and inscribed CANADIAN HUSSARS - PRINCESS LOUISE?S in letters Or, ensigned by the coronet of the younger child of the Sovereign also Or, the whole set upon a scroll Gules edged and inscribed REGI PATRIAEQUE FIDELIS in letters Or.

Symbolism

The coronet of Her Royal Highness the Princess Louise represents service to the Crown and the relationship between Her Royal Highness and the regiment. The surcingle represents the cavalry nature of the regiment. The Roman numerals "VIII" and the words "CANADIAN HUSSARS (PRINCESS LOUISE'S)" are a form of the regimental title and "REGI PATRIAEQUE FIDELIS" is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

REGI PATRIAEQUE FIDELIS (Faithful to king and country)

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MARCHES

Quick March

The Galloping 8th Hussars

Slow March

The 8th Hussars

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ALLIANCE

British Army

The Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish)

AFFILIATION

The Queen's York Rangers, RCAC

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BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

The First World War

MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-16.

The Second World War

LIRI VALLEY; Melfa Crossing; Ceprano; GOTHIC LINE; Montecchio; Tomba di Pesaro; CORIANO; LAMONE CROSSING; Misano Ridge; Conventello-Comacchio; ITALY, 1944-1945; Ijsselmeer; Delfzijl Pocket; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated in Apohaqui, New Brunswick on 30 April 1869, when the 'New Brunswick Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '8th Regiment of Cavalry' on 31 May 1872;2 '8th Princess Louise's New Brunswick Regiment of Cavalry' on 18 July 1884;3 '8th "Princess Louise's New Brunswick Hussars"' on 1 January 1893;4 '2nd (Reserve) Regiment, 8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars' on 11 February 1941;5 '5th (Reserve) Armoured Regiment, 8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars' on 1 April 1941;6 '8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars (5th Armoured Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;7 '2/8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)' on 29 January 1957;8 '8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's) (Militia)' on 1 January 1960;9 and '8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)' on 15 April 1993.10

Notes :

Only those pre-Confederation units which were re-enrolled under the Act 31 Vic., Cap. 40, respecting the Militia Defence of the Dominion of Canada, and were declared to be existing by General Order of 6 February 1869, legally exist. It is known that a number of units had existed in New Brunswick prior to Confederation, but, as in the case of the Provinces of Ontario, Quebec and Nova Scotia, units that did not re-enrol, as referred to above, automatically ceased to exist without formal announcement of their removal (viz., disbandment). There can be no legal continuity of a former unit - or ante-dating of authorization. This would contravene the legal requirement of conforming with Section 7 of the aforementioned Act. This Act takes precedence over Canadian Forces Supplementary Order 43/72 (dated 4 February 1972), which erroneously authorized a formation date of 4 April 1848.

On 1 November 1920 the 8th Princess Louise's New Brunswick Hussars were organized as a two regiment unit with the 1st Regiment on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Regiment on the Reserve order of battle (GO 185/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 8th Princess Louise's New Brunswick Hussars were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 May 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 84/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 29 January 1957, a Regular Force component was authorized under the designation '1/8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)' (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 535/58). On 1 January 1960, it was redesignated the '8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)' (CAO 76-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 665/60). The Regular Force component was amalgamated with its militia component on 15 April 1993 (MOO 93/111, 15 April 93).

On 2 June 1960, the regiment was authorized to perpetuate the '6th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF' (CAO 229-1, Issue No. 673/60).

Perpetuations

‘1st and 2nd Battalions, Westmorland County Regiment (1812-15)’ and '6th Regiment Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Moncton, New Brunswick

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

South African War

The regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents.9

The First World War

The '6th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF', which was authorized on 7 November 1914,11 embarked for England on 17 July 1915.12 It disembarked in France on 24 October 1915,13 where it continued to train until 2 January 1916 when its personnel were absorbed by the '4th' and '5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion(s), CEF'.14 The regiment was disbanded on 18 February 1918.15

The Second World War

The regiment mobilized the '4th Canadian Motorcycle Regiment, CASF (8 NBH)' for active service on 24 May 1940.16 It was converted to armour and redesignated: '8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars) CAC, CASF' on 9 February 1941;17 '5th Armoured Regiment (8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars, CASF' on 11 February 1941;18 '5th Armoured Regiment (8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars, CAC, CASF' on 15 October 1943;19 and '5th Armoured Regiment (8th Princess Louise's (New Brunswick) Hussars, RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.20 It embarked for Britain on 9 October 1941.21 It landed in Italy on 19 December 1943 as a unit of the 5th Armoured Brigade, 5th Canadian Armoured Division.22 It moved to North-West Europe on 17 February 1945, where it continued to fight until the end of the war.23 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 15 February 1946.24

GUIDON

8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)

CAMP FLAG

8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)


1. MGO 30 Apr 69 and/et MGO 17 Dec 69. Formed from seven independent troops of cavalry authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Troop' (Hampton Troop of Cavalry, 3 January 1866), 'No. 2 Troop' (Assekeag Troop of Cavalry, 30 November 1864), 'No. 3 Troop' (Apohaqui Troop of Cavalry, 3 January 1866), 'No. 4 Troop' (Upham Troop of Cavalry, 3 January 1866), 'No. 5 Troop' (Johnston Troop of Cavalry, 28 February 1866), 'No. 6 Troop' (Shediac Troop of Cavalry, 13 June 1866), and 'No. 7 Troop' (Springfield Troop of Cavalry, 21 June 1865) / Formé de sept troupes de cavalerie indépendantes autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Troop » (Hampton Troop of Cavalry, 3 janvier 1866), « No. 2 Troop », Assekeag Troop of Cavalry, 30 novembre 1864), « No. 3 Troop » (Apohaqui Troop of Cavalry, 3 janvier 1866), « No. 4 Troop » (Upham Troop of Cavalry, 3 janvier 1866), « No. 5 Troop » (Johnston Troop of Cavalry, 28 février 1866), « No. 6 Troop » (Shediac Troop of Cavalry, 13 juin 1866), et « No. 7 Troop » (Springfield Troop of Cavalry, 21 juin 1865).

2. MGO 15/72.

3. MGO 16/84.

4. No authority for a change of designation of cavalry units in 1892 is contained within the applicable Militia General Orders or Annual Militia Report sessional papers. However, the date of 1 January 1893 is consistent with the nomenclature used in the aforementioned sources of 1893 and the Department of Militia and Defence, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (MGO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94) / Les Ordres Généraux de la Milice, ou les textes de séances du rapport Annuel de la Milice, ne comportent aucune autorité quant au changement d'appellation des unités de cavalerie en 1892. La date du 1er janvier 1893 correspond toutefois à la nomenclature utilisée dans les sources de 1893 mentionnées précédemment ainsi que par le Ministère de la Milice et de la défense, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (MGO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94).

5. GO 79/41.

6. GO 236/41.

7. CAO 76-3, Supp Issue No. 114/49.

8. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 535/57.

9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 665/60.

10. MOO 93/111, 15 April 93 / DMO 93/111, 15 avril 93.

11. GO 36/15.

12. CEF Sailing List, vol. XII.

13. War Diary, 6th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, 24 October 1915/24 octobre 1915, NAC/AN, RG/GE 9, Series 111-D-3, Vol. 4946, File/dossier 463.

14. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 6th Reg't C.M.R., Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 6.

15. GO 82/18.

16. GO 184/40; and/et GO 50/41.

17. GO 88/41.

18. GO 79/41.

19. GO 476/43.

20. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.

21. Major E.D. Crook and Major J.K. Marteinsen, (eds.), A Pictorial History of the 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's) - 125 Years of Service, (n.p., 1973), p. 112.

22. Ibid, p. 132. The advance party (the Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron) landed in Naples, Italy in late November 1943 / L'élément précurseur (le quartier-général et l'escadron de commandement et des services) débarqua à Naples, Italie, à la fin de novembre 1943.

23. Douglas How, 8th Hussars, A History of the Regiment, (Sussex, N.B., 1964), p. 312.

24. GO 111/46.

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