Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - ARMOUR REGIMENTS
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DRAGOONS
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Azure a maple leaf in autumnal tints proper within an annulus Vert edged and inscribed THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DRAGOONS in letters Or, enfiled in base by a scroll Vert edged and inscribed QUANSEM ILEP in letters Argent, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and flanked on both sides by maple leaves in autumnal tints proper.
The maple leaves represent service to Canada and also commemorate the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion and the 11th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF. The Crown represents service to the Sovereign. "THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DRAGOONS" is the regimental title and "QUANSEM ILEP" is the motto of the regiment.
QUANSEM ILEP (Always first)
Fare Ye Well Inniskilling (5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards)
Additional March For Pipe Band
Scotland the Brave
The Royal Dragoon Guards
The First World War
MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Flers-Courcelette; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai, 1918; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.
The Second World War
LIRI VALLEY; Melfa Crossing; GOTHIC LINE; Pozzo Alto Ridge; LAMONE CROSSING; Naviglio Canal; Fosso Munio; Conventello-Comacchio; ITALY, 1944-1945; Ijsselmeer; Delfzijl Pocket; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Vernon, British Columbia on 1 April 1911, when two four-squadron regiments designated the 'British Columbia Horse' were authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '1st Regiment, "British Columbia Horse"' on 1 December 1911;2 '30th Regiment, British Columbia Horse' on 15 April 1912;3 'The British Columbia Mounted Rifles' on 15 March 1920;4 'The British Columbia Dragoons' on 15 March 1929;5 '2nd (Reserve) Regiment, The British Columbia Dragoons' on 11 February 1941;6 '9th (Reserve) Armoured Regiment, (The British Columbia Dragoons)' on 1 April 1941;7 '9th Reconnaissance Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons), RCAC' on 1 April 1946;8 'The British Columbia Dragoons (9th Reconnaissance Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;9 and 'The British Columbia Dragoons' on 19 May 1958.10
Upon redesignation as The British Columbia Mounted Rifles on 15 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two regiment unit with the 1st Regiment (2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Regiment (11th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle.
The 1st Regiment, British Columbia Mounted Rifles was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 251/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
On 15 November 1926 the 2nd Regiment was redesignated the 2nd Regiment (11th Regiment Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF) (GO 74/26). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
'2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF'; and '11th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF'
Kelowna, British Columbia
The First World War
The 30th Regiment, British Columbia Horse was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duty.11
The 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '2nd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF',12 embarked for Britain on 12 June 1915.13 It disembarked in France on 22 September 1915 as part of the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles Brigade.14 On 1 January 1916 it was converted to infantry, amalgamated with 'B Squadron' and the headquarters staff of the '3rd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF' and redesignated the '2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF'.15 It fought as part of the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.16 The battalion was disbanded on 6 November 1920.17
The '11th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF' was authorized on 7 November 1914.18 The regiment was converted to infantry and redesignated the '11th "Overseas" Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF' on 23 April 1916.19 It embarked for England on 8 July 1916.20 Its personnel were absorbed by the '24th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 18 May 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.21 The regiment was disbanded on 27 July 1918.22
The Second World War
Details from the regiment were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'The British Columbia Dragoons, CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.23 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.24 The regiment mobilized the '5th Canadian Motorcycle Regiment, CASF (BCD)' for active service on 24 May 1940.25 It was converted to armour and redesignated: 'The British Columbia Dragoons, CASF' on 9 February 1941;26 '9th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons), CASF' on 11 February 1941;27 '9th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons) CAC, CASF' on 15 October 1943;28 and '9th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Dragoons) RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.29 It embarked for Britain on 13 November 1941.30 The regiment landed in Italy on 19 December 1943 as part of the 5th Armoured Brigade, 5th Canadian Armoured Division.31 On 20 February 1945 the regiment moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North-West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war.32 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 31 January 1946.33
1. GO 52/11. Formed from two existing independent cavalry squadrons and two newly organized squadrons authorized on the following dates: 'A Squadron' at Lumley (1 April 1911), 'B Squadron' at Vernon (B Independent Squadron, The Canadian Mounted Rifles, 1 April 1908), 'C Squadron' at Armstrong (C Independent Squadron, The Canadian Mounted Rifles, 1 April 1910), and 'D Squadron' at Kelowna (1 April 1910) / Formé de deux escadrons de cavalerie indépendants et de deux escadrons nouvellement organisés, autorisés selon les dates suivantes : « A Squadron » à Lumley (1er avril 1911), « B Squadron » à Vernon (B Independent Squadron, The Canadian Mounted Rifles, 1er avril 1908), « C Squadron » à Armstrong (C Independent Squadron, The Canadian Mounted Rifles, 1er avril 1910), et « D Squadron » à Kelowna (1er avril 1911).
2. GO 199/11.
3. GO 74/12.
4. GO 26/20. This General Order also amalgamated the 'Victoria Independent Squadron (British Columbia Horse)' [authorized as the 'Victoria Independent Squadron' on 15 July 1914 (GO 122/14)] with the regiment / Cet Ordre général amalgama également le « Victoria Independent Squadron (British Columbia Horse) » [autorisé en tant que le « Victoria Independent Squadron »] le 15 juillet 1914 (GO 122/14), avec le régiment.
5. GO 34/29.
6. GO 79/41.
7. GO 236/41.
8. GO 115/46.
9. CAO 76-3, Supp Issue No. 114/49.
10. CAO 76-3. Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.
11. GO 130/14.
12. GO 36/15.
13. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 2nd Reg't C.M.R., Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 6.
14. War Diary, 2nd Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, 22 September 1915/22 septembre 1915, NAC/AN, RG/GE 9, Series 111-D-3, Vol. 4947, File/dossier 465.
15. Ibid, 31 December 1915/31 décembre 1915; and/et War Diary, 3rd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, 31 December 1915/31 décembre 1915, NAC/AN, RG/GE 9, Series 111-D-3, Vol. 4946, File 463.
16. G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919, (Ottawa, 1962), passim.
17. GO 207/20.
18. GO 36/15.
19. Telegram/télégramme Adjutant General to/à Inspector General for Western Canada, 23 April 1916/23 avril 1916, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, vol. 1532, file/dossier 683-96-2; and/et Telegram/télégramme General Officer Commanding Military District No. 13 to/à Secretary Militia Council, 22 May 1916/ 22 mai 1916. NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, vol. 1516, file/dossier 683-30-2.
20. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 11th Regiment C.M.R., Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 6.
22. GO 101/18. GO 207/20 also details the disbandment of the regiment but at a later date of 6 November 1920 / Le GO 207/20 donne également les détails sur le démembrement du régiment mais à la date ultérieure du 6 novembre 1920.
23. GO 124/39; and/et GO 135/39.
24. GO 44/41.
25. GO 184/40; and/et GO 50/41.
26. GO 88/41.
27. GO 79/41.
28. GO 476/43.
29. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.
30. R. H. Roy, Sinews of Steel, The History of the British Columbia Dragoons, (Toronto, 1965), passim.
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