Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - ARMOUR REGIMENTS

THE KING'S OWN CALGARY REGIMENT (RCAC)

The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC) Badge

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Colonel-in-Chief: Her Majesty The Queen

BADGE

Description

On a shield Argent a cross Gules surmounted by a maple leaf in autumnal tints charged with a bison statant on a mound, on a chief the local landscape at sunset all proper, the shield ensigned by the Royal Crown, supported dexter by a horse, sinister by a steer, adorned beneath with a rose between shamrocks and thistles all proper, the whole set upon three scrolls Or, the upper one inscribed with the motto ONWARD and the two below inscribed KING'S OWN CALGARY REGIMENT in letters Azure.

Symbolism

The Crown represents service to the Sovereign. The badge, incorporates the shield, the horse, the steer and the roses, thistles and shamrocks, as adopted by the City of Calgary in 1902. "KING'S OWN CALGARY REGIMENT" is a form of the regimental title and "ONWARD" is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

ONWARD

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MARCH

Colonel Bogey

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ALLIANCE

British Army

The King's Own Royal Border Regiment The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment - The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

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BATTLE HONOURS

The First World War

YPRES, 1915, '17; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Ancre Heights; Ancre, 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; VALENCIENNES; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

Dieppe; SICILY, 1943; Motta Montecorvino; San Leonardo; The Gully; CASSINO II; Gustav Line; Pignataro; LIRI VALLEY; Aquino; TRASIMENE LINE; AREZZO; ADVANCE TO FLORENCE; Cerrone; ITALY, 1943-1945; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1942, 1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 1 April 1910 and incorporates the following regiment and machine gun battalion.

The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC) originated in Calgary, Alberta on 1 April 1910, when the '103rd Regiment "Calgary Rifles"' was authorized to be formed.1 On 15 March 1920 it was reorganized as two separate regiments, designated 'The Alberta Regiment' (now 'The South Alberta Light Horse') and 'The Calgary Regiment'.2 On 15 May 1924 it was again reorganized as two separate regiments, designated 'The Calgary Highlanders' and 'The Calgary Regiment'.3 On 1 April 1936, it was amalgamated with the 'Headquarters' and 'B Company' of the '13th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' (see below) retaining its designation.4 It was redesignated: 'The Calgary Regiment (Tank)' on 15 December 1936;5 '14th (Reserve) Army Tank Battalion, (The Calgary Regiment (Tank))' on 1 April 1941;6 '14th (Reserve) Army Tank Regiment, (The Calgary Regiment (Tank))' on 15 August 1942;7 '14th Armoured Regiment (Calgary Regiment), RCAC' on 1 April 1946;8

'14th Armoured Regiment (King's Own Calgary Regiment)' on 22 July 1946;9 'The King's Own Calgary Regiment (14th Armoured Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;10 and 'The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)' on 19 May 1958.11

Notes :

Upon redesignation as The Calgary Regiment on 15 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a four battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (50th Battalion, CEF) and 2nd Battalion (56th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 3rd Battalion (82nd Battalion, CEF) and 4th Battalion (137th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Calgary Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 3 January 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 65/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 1 April 1920, it was reorganized as a five battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (10th Battalion, CEF) and 2nd Battalion (50th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 3rd Battalion (56th Battalion, CEF), 4th Battalion (82nd Battalion, CEF) and 5th Battalion (137th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle (GO 95/21).

On 15 September 1921, the 1st Battalion was redesignated '1st Battalion (10th Battalion, CEF), Calgary Highlanders' (GO 254/21).

Upon reorganization on 15 May 1924 (see above), it was organized as a three battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (50th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (89th Battalion, CEF) and 3rd Battalion (137th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Calgary Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 188/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The '13th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' originated in Edmonton, Alberta on 1 June 1919, when the '13th Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC' was authorized to be formed.12 It was redesignated the '13th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' on 15 September 1924.13 On 1 April 1936 it was amalgamated with 'The Calgary Regiment', as above.

Notes :

The 13th Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 June 1919 (GO 104/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 13th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 1 April 1936 and reorganized the same day (GO 149/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The perpetuation of the 13th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC (1919-1936) was assigned to The Calgary Regiment (Tank) (GO 149/37).

Perpetuation

'50th', '89th', and '137th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

Calgary, Alberta

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

Details of the 103rd Regiment "Calgary Rifles" were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.14

The 50th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '50th Battalion, CEF',15 embarked for Britain on 27 October 1915.16 The battalion disembarked in France on 11 August 1916,17 where it fought as part of the 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.18 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.19

The 89th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '89th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',20 embarked for Britain on 2 June 1916.21 Its personnel were absorbed by the '9th Reserve Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.22 The battalion was disbanded on 21 May 1917.23

The 137th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '137th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',24 embarked for Britain on 21 August 1916.25 It was amalgamated with the '175th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF' to form the '21st Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 10 January 1917, to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.26 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.27

The Second World War

Details from the regiment were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'The Calgary Regiment (Tank), CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.28 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.29 The regiment subsequently mobilized an armour regiment designated the '14th Army Tank Battalion (The Calgary Regiment (Tank)), CAC, CASF' on 11 February 1941.30 It was redesignated: '14th Army Tank Regiment (The Calgary Regiment (Tank)), CAC, CASF' on 15 May 1942;31 '14th Armoured Regiment (The Calgary Regiment), CAC, CASF' on 26 August 1943;32 and '14th Armoured Regiment (The Calgary Regiment), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.33 This unit embarked for Britain on 20 June 1941.34 The regiment took part in the raid on Dieppe on 19 August 1942 as the first unit of the Canadian Armoured Corps to go into action.35 The regiment landed in Sicily on 13 July 1943 as part of the 1st Canadian Army Tank Brigade, and in Italy on 3 September 1943.36 On 9 March 1945 the regiment moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North-West Europe, where it fought as part of the 1st Armoured Brigade until the end of the war.37 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 15 December 1945.38

GUIDON

The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)

CAMP FLAG

The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC)


1. GO 38/10.

2. GO 32/20.

3. GO 68/24.

4. GO 149/36.

5. GO 188/36.

6. GO 236/41.

7. GO 351/42.

8. GO 115/46.

9. GO 194/46.

10. CAO 76-3, Supp Issue No. 114/49.

11. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.

12. GO 47/19; and/et GO 1/20. The brigade was authorized with its headquarters in Edmonton, Alberta but this was changed to Calgary, Alberta on 1 May 1920 (GO 67/20) / La brigade fut autorisée avec son quartier général à Edmonton, en Alberta, mais fut changé pour Calgary.

13. GO 117/24.

14. GO 142/14.

15. GO 86/15.

16. CEF Sailing List, vol. III.

17. War Diary, 50th Battalion, 10 August 1916/10 août 1916, NAC/AN, RG/GE 9, Series 111-D-3, Vol. 4921, File/dossier 441.

18. G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Ottawa, 1962), passim.

19. GO 149/20.

20. GO 151/15.

21. CEF Sailing List, vol. V.

22. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 89th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 89.

23. GO 63/17.

24. GO 151/15.

25. CEF Sailing List, vol. VII.

26. CRO 271/17.

27. GO 82/18.

28. GO 124/39; and/et GO 135/39.

29. GO 44/41.

30. GO 79/41; and/et GO 71/41.

31. GO 302/42.

32. GO 88/44.

33. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.

34. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, folder/chemise 31, file/dossier 1.

35. John Marteinson and Michael R. McNorgan, The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, (Toronto, 2000), p. 137.

36. Ibid, pp. 147 and/et 155.

37. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, folder/chemise 31, file/dossier 1.

38. GO 85/46.

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