Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - ARMOUR REGIMENTS

LORD STRATHCONA'S HORSE (ROYAL CANADIANS)

Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) Badge

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BADGE

Description

The Arms (Gules a fess Argent charged with a hammer and nail in saltire Sable, in chief a demi lion rampant Or, in base a canoe paddled by four men proper, in the stern a flag Argent flowing towards the dexter inscribed NW in letters Sable) and Crest (On a mount a beaver gnawing at a tree proper) of Sir Donald Alexander Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, beneath a scroll Gules edged and inscribed PERSEVERANCE in letters Or, and within a chaplet of maple leaves, roses, thistles and shamrocks proper surmounted by a scroll Gules edged and inscribed LORD STRATHCONA'S HORSE ROYAL CANADIANS in letters Or, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper.

Symbolism

The Crown represents service to the Sovereign. The shield, beaver and maple tree were the coat of arms and crest of the first Lord Strathcona and were taken from symbols used by the North West Company. The wreath of roses, thistles, shamrocks and maple leaves represents Canada's ethnic link with Great Britain. "LORD STRATHCONA'S HORSE ROYAL CANADIANS" is a form of the regimental title and "PERSEVERANCE" is the motto of the regiment.

MOTTO

PERSEVERANCE

MARCH

Soldiers of the Queen

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Queen's Royal Lancers

BATTLE HONOURS

South African War

SOUTH AFRICA, 1900-1901.

The First World War

FESTUBERT, 1915; SOMME, 1916, '18; Bazentin; Pozières; Flers-Courcelette; CAMBRAI, 1917, '18; St. Quentin; AMIENS; HINDENBURG LINE; St. Quentin Canal; Beaurevoir; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

LIRI VALLEY; Melfa Crossing; Torrice Crossroads; GOTHIC LINE; Pozzo Alto Ridge; CORIANO; LAMONE CROSSING; Misano Ridge; Casale; Naviglio Canal; Fosso Munio; ITALY, 1944-1945; Ijsselmeer; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945.

United nations Operations - Korea

Korea, 1951-1953

LINEAGE

This Regular Force regiment originated in Winnipeg, Manitoba on 1 July 1901 when an independent Permanent Active Militia corps of mounted rifles, designated 'A Squadron, The Canadian Mounted Rifles', was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: 'The Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles' on 1 October 1903;2 'Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)' on 1 October 1909;3 'Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)' on 1 May 1911;4 '2nd Armoured Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)), RCAC' on 16 October 1946;5 'Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) (2nd Armoured Regiment)' on 2 March 1949;6 and 'Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)' on 19 May 1958.7

Perpetuation

'Strathcona's Horse' of 1900-19018

Headquarters Location

Edmonton, Alberta

Top of Page

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

South African War

The 'Strathcona's Horse', which was authorized on 1 February 1900,9 embarked for Africa on 17 March 1900.10 It fought as part of the '3rd Mounted Brigade' and '4th Infantry Brigade, II Division' until its departure from the theatre of operations on 20 January 1901.11 The unit was disbanded on 9 March 1901.12

The First World War

The regiment was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for instructional and camp administration duties.13 On 14 September 1914 they mobilized the 'The Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), CEF',14 which embarked for England on 3 October 1914.15 On 5 May 1915 it disembarked in France,16 where it fought in an infantry role with 'Seeley's Detachment', 1st Canadian Division.17 On 27 January 1916, it resumed its cavalry role as part of the '1st Canadian Cavalry Brigade', with whom it continued to fight in France and Flanders until the end of the war.18 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 6 November 1920.19

The Second World War

On 24 May 1940, the headquarters and one squadron were mobilized together with headquarters and one squadron of 'The Royal Canadian Dragoons' to form the '1st Canadian Motorcycle Regiment, CASF (RCD/LSH(RC))'.20 It was redesignated: 'Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), CASF' on 21 September 1940;21 '2nd Armoured Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)), CASF' on 11 February 1941;22 '2nd Armoured Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)), CAC, CASF' on 15 October 1943;23 and '2nd Armoured Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.24 It embarked for Britain on 13 November 1941.25 The regiment landed in Italy on 8 November 1943, where it fought as part of the 5th Armoured Brigade, 5th Canadian Armoured Division.26 On 16 February 1945 the regiment moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North-West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war.27 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 1 March 1946.28

On 1 September 1945 a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations under the designation '2nd-2nd Armoured Car Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)), RCAC, CASF'.29 It was redesignated the '2nd Armoured Regiment (Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)), RCAC, CASF)' on 1 March 1946.30 On 27 June 1946 it was embodied in the Permanent Force.31

United Nations Operations - Korea

'A', 'B' and 'C' Squadrons fought independently from 19 April 1951 to 27 July 1953 as part of the 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group, 1st Commonwealth Division.32

Notes :

'C Squadron' was the first to arrive in Korea, followed by 'B' then 'A' Squadron. C Squadron was mobilized for active service on 7 August 1950, under the designation 'A Squadron, 1st/2nd Canadian Armoured Regiment, RCAC, CASF' (CAO 110-2, Pt 'A', Supp Issue No. 210/50). It was redesignated 'C Squadron, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), 2nd Armoured Regiment, RCAC, CASF' on 29 March 1951 (CAO 76-2, Pt 'A', Supp Issue No. 226/51). The squadron ceased to be embodied in the Canadian Army Special Force on 14 July 1952 (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 293/52).

On 8 November 1950 'B Squadron' was placed on active service, under the designation 'B Squadron, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) 2nd Armoured Regiment, RCAC, CASF' (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 273/52). The squadron ceased to be embodied in the Canadian Army Special Force on 10 June 1953 (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 345/53).

On 1 March 1953 'A Squadron' was placed on active service, under the designation 'A Squadron, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) 2nd Armoured Regiment, RCAC, CASF' (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 324/53). The squadron ceased to be embodied in the Canadian Army Special Force on 1 November 1953 (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 365/53).

GUIDON

Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)

CAMP FLAG

Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians)


1. Regimental Establishments of the Active Militia, Including The Permanent Force, for the Financial Year 1901-1902, pp. 3 and/et 12; and/et GO 102/01.

2. GO 153/03.

3. GO 111/09.

4. GO 68/11.

5. GO 259/46.

6. CAO 76-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 118/49.

7. CAO 76-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.

8. Minutes of the Militia Council, 1904 and 1909. It was the intention of the Militia Council to form a unit designated "Strathcona's Horse" as part of the Permanent Force and that the proposed unit "should perpetuate the corps Lord Strathcona sent to South Africa." Due to difficulties in identifying a suitable location for them in Western Canada, and opposition "encountered in dealing with the question from the North-West Mounted Police, and from other sources" (Report No. 12, Articles 380 to 383 of 31 January 1905), no decision was made until 1909. In that year, the Adjutant-General recommended to the Council "to designate the Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles, 'Strathcona's Horse', and to add another squadron in due time to be stationed west of Manitoba, a good one, and, in the absence of a more practicable scheme, he would like to see such a change made if agreeable to the officers of the Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles" (Report No. 6, Articles 197 to 199 of 3 March 1909). On 16 March 1909, it was decided that "the Adjutant-General should see the Military Secretary with a view to a designation being decided on which would meet with the approval of His Majesty the King" (Report No. 8, Article 281) / Procès-verbaux du Conseil de la milice, 1904 et 1909. Le Conseil de la milice avait l'intention de former au sein de la force permanente une unité appelée Strathcona's Horse afin de perpétuer le nom du corps d'armée envoyé en Afrique du Sud par Lord Strathcona. Étant donné les difficultés à trouver un emplacement adéquat dans l'Ouest canadien pour cette unité et l'opposition des membres de la Police montée du Nord-Ouest et d'autres parties (Rapport no 12, articles 380 à 383, 31 janvier 1905), aucune décision n'a été prise avant 1909. Cette même année, l'Adjudant général a recommandé au Conseil d'adopter l'appellation Strathcona's Horse pour le Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles et, en temps opportun, d'ajouter un escadron qui sera cantonné à l'ouest du Manitoba, ce qui s'avérait être une bonne suggestion. En l'absence d'un projet plus pratique, il aimerait qu'un tel changement soit effectué, si les officiers du Royal Canadian Mounted Rifles sont d'accord (Rapport no 6, articles 197 à 199, 3 mars 1909). Le 16 mars 1909, le Conseil a décidé que l'Adjudant général devait rencontrer le Secrétaire militaire pour trouver un nom d'unité qui se mériterait l'approbation de Sa Majesté le Roi (Rapport no 8, article 281).

9. MO No. 26/1900.

10. MO No. 69/1900.

11. British Army Official History, History of the War in South Africa 1899-1902, Vol.III (London, 1908), pp. 282 to/à 283, 382, 411, 459 and/et 511.

12. W.B. Fraser, Always a Strathcona, (Calgary, 1976), p.3.

13. GO 142/14; and/et Colonel A. Fortescue Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in The Great War 1914-1919, General Series Vol. 1, August 1914-September 1915, (Ottawa, 1938), p. 47. The regiment was called out to provide utilitarian services at Camp Valcartier. Initially, it was not part of the Expeditionary Force, though many of its personnel joined CEF units / Le régiment fut appelé à fournir des services utilitaires au Camp Valcartier. Initialement, il ne faisait pas parti du corps expéditionnaire, bien que plusieurs de ses membres se joignirent aux unités du corps expéditionnaire canadien.

14. Colonel G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919, (Ottawa, 1962), p. 23.

15. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - Lord Strathcona's Horse (RC), Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 6.

16. War Diary, Lord Strathcona's Horse, 4/5 May 1915/4/5 mai 1915, RG9/GE9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4955, File/dossier 494; and/et Colonel A. Fortescue Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in The Great War 1914-1919, General Series Vol. 1, August 1914-September 1915, Appendix 855 (Ottawa, 1938), p. 454.

17. 1st Division RO 785; John Marteinson and Michael R. McNorgan, The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, (Toronto, 2000), p. 37; and/et Major-General J.E.B. Seeley, Adventure, (London, 1930), p. 221. The Canadian Cavalry Brigade was formed in England on 30 January 1915 however, as cavalry was not required at the front, the brigade's commander, Brigadier-General Seely, agreed that his formation could serve in a dismounted role / La brigade de cavalerie canadienne fut formée en Angleterre le 30 janvier 1915. Toutefois, comme la cavalerie n'était pas requise au front, le commandant de la brigade, le brigadier-général Seely, fut d'accord pour que cette formation serve dans un rôle démonté.

18. War Diary, Lord Strathcona's Horse, 27 January 1916/27 janvier 1916, RG9/GE9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4955, File/dossier 494.

19. GO 207/20. The regiment was again embodied in the Permanent Active Militia on 1 April 1919 (GO 27/19; and/et 90/19).

20. GO 184/40 and/et GO 50/41. On 1 September 1939, all corps, units and detachments of the Permanent Force were embodied in the Canadian Active Service Force (GO 135/39) / Le 1er septembre 1919, tous les corps, unités et détachements furent incorporés dans la Force canadienne pour le service actif (GO 135/39).

21. GO 256/40. On 15 November 1940, the regiment was allocated to the 'Canadian Armoured Corps' (GO 96/40) / Le 15 novembre 1940, le régiment fut alloué au « Canadian Armoured Corps » (GO 296/40).

22. GO 79/41.

23. GO 476/43.

24. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.

25. W.B. Fraser, Always a Strathcona, (Calgary, 1976), p. 141.

26. Lieutenant-Colonel G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of The Canadian Army in the Second World War, Vol. II, The Canadians in Italy, 1943-1945, (Ottawa, 1957), passim.

27. W.B. Fraser, Always a Strathcona, (Calgary, 1976), p. 185.

28. GO 139/46.

29. GO 344/45.

30. GO 138/46.

31. GO 158/46.

32. W.B. Fraser, Always a Strathcona, (Calgary, 1976), pp. 197-212.

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