Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - ARMOUR REGIMENTS
THE ONTARIO REGIMENT (RCAC)
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Gules on a bar a cat statant guardant irate Or, the whole within an annulus Gules fimbriated and inscribed with the motto FIDELIS ET PARATUS in letters Or and surmounted at the base by a bezant fimbriated and charged with a fillet saltire Sable the base quarter removed, and beneath the annulus a scroll Or with the words ONTARIO REGIMENT inscribed in letters Sable, and above, encircling the annulus, a wreath of nine maple leaves autumnally coloured, the centre one in chief ensigned by the Royal Crown proper.
The badge is based, in part, on the cat from the Clan MacGillivray familial crest, a member of which commanded the regiment in the early 1900s. After the First World War, the cat was redesigned into a fierce or fighting pose echoing the experience of the regiment's members in the war. The maple leaves, nine in total, reflect the nine provinces that contributed soldiers to the First World War battalions which the regiment perpetuates. The three quarters of a disc in the base of the badge represents the old regimental Militia number "34". "ONTARIO REGIMENT" is a form of the regimental title and "FIDELIS ET PARATUS" is the motto of the regiment.
FIDELIS ET PARATUS (Faithful and ready)
The Royal Regiment of Wales (24th/41st Foot) The Royal Welsh
The First World War
SOMME, 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai, 1918; VALENCIENNES; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1916-18.
The Second World War
Pursuit to Messina; SICILY, 1943; Colle d'Anchise; The Gully; Casa Berardi; Ortona; Point 59; CASSINO II; Gustav Line; Sant'Angelo in Teodice; LIRI VALLEY; Aquino; TRASIMENE LINE; Sanfatucchio; AREZZO; ADVANCE TO FLORENCE; ITALY, 1943-1945; Arnhem, 1945; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Whitby, Ontario on 14 September 1866, when the '34th "Ontario Battalion of Infantry"' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '34th Ontario Regiment' on 8 May 1900;2 'The Ontario Regiment' on 1 May 1920;3 'The Ontario Regiment (Tank)' on 15 December 1936;4 and '2nd Regiment, The Ontario Regiment (Tank)' on 13 August 1940.5 It was converted to armour and redesignated: '11th (Reserve) Army Tank Battalion, (The Ontario Regiment (Tank))' on 1 April 1941;6 '11th (Reserve) Army Tank Regiment (Ontario Regiment (Tank))' on 15 August 1942;7 '11th Armoured Regiment (Ontario Regiment), RCAC' on 1 April 1946;8 'The Ontario Regiment (11th Armoured Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;9 and 'The Ontario Regiment (RCAC)' on 19 May 1958.10
Upon redesignation as The Ontario Regiment on 1 May 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (116th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (182nd Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The Ontario Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 November 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 80/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
The Ontario Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 188/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
'116th', and '182nd "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
The First World War
The 116th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '116th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',11 embarked for Britain on 24 July 1916.12 From October to December 1916 it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field, and on 11 February 1917 it disembarked in France,13 where it fought with the 9th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.14 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.15
The 182nd Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '182nd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',16 embarked for Britain on 3 May 1917.17 Its personnel were absorbed by the '18th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 16 May 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.18 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.19
The Second World War
The regiment mobilized the 'The Ontario Regiment (Tank), CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.20 It was redesignated: 'The Ontario Regiment (Tank), CASF' on 13 August 1940.21 It was converted to armour on 23 November 1940,22 and an army tank battalion on 11 February 1941, under the designation '11th Army Tank Battalion (The Ontario Regiment (Tank)), CAC, CASF'.23 It was redesignated: '11th Army Tank Regiment (The Ontario Regiment (Tank)), CAC, CASF' on 15 May 1942;24 '11th Armoured Regiment (The Ontario Regiment), CAC, CASF' on 26 August 1943;25 and '11th Armoured Regiment (The Ontario Regiment), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.26 On 21 June 1941 it embarked for Britain.27 The regiment landed in Sicily on 13 July 1943, as part of the 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade, and in Italy on 3 September 1943 in support of 17th Brigade, 5th British Division.28 On 8 March 1945 the regiment moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North-West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war.29 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 15 December 1945.30
1. MGO 3/66. Formed from nine independent rifle and infantry companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (The Volunteer Highland Rifle Company of Whitby, 31 March 1858); 'No. 2 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Oshawa, 28 November 1862); 'No. 3 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Rifles at Oshawa, 28 November 1862); 'No. 4 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Whitby, 26 December 1862); 'No. 5 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Prince Albert, 2 January 1863); 'No. 6 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Greenwood, 9 January 1863); 'No. 7 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Uxbridge, 6 February 1863); 'No. 8 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Columbus, 6 February 1863); and 'No. 9 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Brooklin, 6 February 1863) / Formé de neuf compagnies indépendantes d?infanterie et de voltigeur autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (The Volunteer Highland Rifle Company of Whitby, 31 mars 1858); « No. 2 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry à Oshawa, 28 novembre 1862); « No. 3 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Rifles à Oshawa, 28 novembre 1862); « No. 4 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry à Whitby, 26 décembre 1862); « No. 5 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry à Prince Albert, 2 janvier 1863); « No. 6 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry à Greenwood, 9 janvier 1863); « No. 7 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry à Uxbridge, 6 février 1863); « No. 8 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry à Columbus, 6 février 1863); et « No. 9 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry à Brooklin, 6 février 1863).
2. MO 105/1900.
3. GO 66/20.
4. GO 188/36.
5. GO 253/40.
6. GO 236/41.
7. GO 351/42.
8. GO 115/46.
9. CAO 76-3, Supp Issue No. 114/49.
10. GO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.
11. GO 151/15.
12. CEF Sailing List, vol. VI.
13. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 116th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 116.
14. Ibid; and/et G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Ottawa, 1962), passim.
15. GO 149/20.
16. GO 69/16.
17. CEF Sailing List, vol. IX.
18. War Diary, 3rd Reserve Battalion, 16 May 1917/16 mai 1917, NAC/AN, RG9/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4950, File/dossier 475.
19. GO 82/18.
20. GO 135/39.
21. GO 250/40; and/et 253/40.
22. GO 88/41.
23. GO 73/41; and/et GO 79/41.
24. GO 302/42.
25. GO 88/44.
26. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.
27. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, folder/chemise 40, file/dossier 2.
28. John Marteinson and Michael R. McNorgan, The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, (Toronto, 2000), pp. 147 and/et 155.
29. G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume II. The Canadians in Italy, 1943-1945 (Ottawa, 1957), p. 663.
30. GO 85/46.
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