Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - ARMOUR REGIMENTS

THE QUEEN'S YORK RANGERS (1ST AMERICAN REGIMENT) (RCAC)

The Queen's York Rangers (RCAC) Badge

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Colonel-in-Chief: His Royal Highness The Duke of York KCVO CD ADC

BADGE

Description

On an escutcheon Argent the inscription QUEEN'S RANGERS 1ST AMER.NS Argent fimbriated Sable, the shield ensigned by the Royal Crown and within a wreath of roses, thistles and shamrocks proper.

Symbolism

Crown represents service to the Sovereign. The shield and the words "QUEEN'S RANGERS 1ST AMER.NS." are in memory of the Loyalist military unit formed during the American Revolutionary War. The roses, thistles and shamrocks represent the English, Scottish and Irish composition of the Queen's Rangers.

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MOTTO

PRISTINAE VIRTUTIS MEMORES (Mindful of our ancient valour)

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MARCH

Braganza

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ALLIANCE

British Army

The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment) The Yorkshire Regiment; and The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires)

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AFFILIATION

8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)

BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; DETROIT; QUEENSTON; NIAGARA

North West Rebellion

NORTH WEST CANADA, 1885.

The First World War

YPRES, 1915, '17; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916, '18; Flers-Courcelette; Thiepval; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; Pilchkem; Langemarck, 1917; Menin Road; Polygon Wood; Broodseinde; Poelcappelle; Passchendaele; St. Quentin; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai, 1918; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 14 September 1866 and incorporates the following regiments.

The Queen's York Rangers (RCAC) originated in Aurora, Ontario on 14 September 1866, when the '12th "York Battalion of Infantry"' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '12th Battalion of Infantry or "York Rangers"' on 10 May 1872;2 '12th Regiment "York Rangers"' on 8 May 1900;3 and 'The York Rangers' on 1 May 1920.4 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Queen's Rangers, 1st American Regiment' (see below) and redesignated 'The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (MG)'.5 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment)' on 5 March 1942;6 'The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (Reserve)' on 15 September 1944;7 'The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment)' on 30 November 1945;8 '25th Armoured Regiment (Queen's York Rangers), RCAC' on 19 June 1947;9 'The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (25th Armoured Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;10 'The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)' on 19 May 1958;11 'The Queen's York Rangers (RCAC)' on 3 September 1985;12 and 'The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (RCAC)' on 12 November 2004.13

Notes :

Upon redesignation as The York Rangers on 1 May 1920 (see above and GO 92/20), it was organized as a four battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (35th Battalion, CEF), 3rd Battalion (127th Battalion, CEF), and 4th Battalion (220th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle.

The York Rangers were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 1 January 1922, the 2nd Battalion (35th Battalion, CEF) was moved from the Reserve to the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle (GO 13/22 and GO 120/22).

On 1 August 1925, the 2nd Battalion (35th Battalion, CEF) was amalgamated with 'The West Toronto Regiment' (see below) and redesignated 'The Queen's Rangers' (GO 86/25).

On 1 August 1925 (see above), The York Rangers were reorganized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (127th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (220th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle.

On 1 January 1927, the 2nd Battalion (220th Battalion, CEF) was redesignated the 2nd Battalion (35th Battalion, CEF) (GO 3/27).

On 15 March 1929, the regiment was authorized an additional reserve unit, designated the 3rd (Reserve) Battalion (220th Battalion, CEF) (GO 33/29). The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The York Rangers were disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 200/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Queen's Rangers, 1st American Regiment in Toronto, Ontario on 15 January 1921, when 'The West Toronto Regiment' was authorized to be formed.14 On 1 August 1925, it was amalgamated with the '2nd Battalion (35th Battalion, CEF), The York Rangers' and redesignated 'The Queen's Rangers', see note above. It was redesignated 'The Queen's Rangers, 1st American Regiment' on 1 December 1927.15 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The York Rangers', as above

Notes :

Upon organization as The West Toronto Regiment on 15 January 1921 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (20th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle

Upon redesignation as The Queen's Rangers on 1 August 1925 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (20th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (35th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

Perpetuation

‘Battalion of Incorporated Militia of Upper Canada’, ‘1st and 3rd Regiments of York Militia (1812-15)’, '20th', '35th', '127th', and '220th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

Toronto, Ontario

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

North West Rebellion

The 12th Battalion of Infantry (York Rangers) mobilized four companies for active service on 10 April 1885.16 The companies served with the 'York and Simcoe Provisional Battalion' in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force.17 The companies were removed from active service on 24 July 1885.18

The First World War

The 20th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '20th Battalion, CEF',19 embarked for Britain on 15 May 1915.20 It disembarked in France on 15 September 1915, where it fought as part of the 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.21 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.22

The 35th Battalion which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '35th Battalion, CEF',23 embarked for Britain on 16 October 1915.24 The battalion was redesignated the '35th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 9 February 1915,25 and it provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 4 January 1917 when its personnel were absorbed by the '4th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.26 The battalion was disbanded on 8 December 1917.27

The 127th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '127th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',28 embarked for Britain on 21 August 1916.29 It sent reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 20 November 1916 when it was reorganized as a railway battalion.30 It disembarked in France on 13 January 1917, and was redesignated the '2nd Battalion, Canadian Railway Troops, CEF' on 3 February 1917,31 where it provided special engineering services to the British Expeditionary Force in France and Flanders until the end of the war.32 The battalion was disbanded on 23 October 1920.33

The 220th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '220th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',34 embarked for Britain on 26 January 1917.35 Its personnel were absorbed by the '3rd Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 7 May 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.36 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.37

The Second World War

Details from the regiment were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment) (MG), CASF, (Details)', for local protection duties.38 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.39 The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, The Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment), CASF' on 5 March 1942.40 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Military District No. 2.41 The battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1943.42

GUIDON

The Queen's York Rangers (RCAC)

CAMP FLAG

The Queen's York Rangers (RCAC)


1. MGO 14 Sep 66. The headquarters of the battalion was changed to Newmarket on 5 Oct 1866 (GO of same date). Formed from five existing independent infantry and rifle companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' at Scarborough (Scarborough Rifle Company, 4 September 1862), 'No. 2 Company' at Aurora (Aurora Infantry Company,11 December 1862), 'No. 3 Company' at Lloydtown (Lloydtown Infantry Rifle Company, 19 December 1862), 'No. 4 Company' at King (King Infantry Company, 23 January 1863), and 'No. 5 Company' at Newmarket (Newmarket Infantry Company,15 June 1866) / Formé de cinq compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie et de voltigeur autorisées selon les dates suivantes: « No. 1 Company » à Scarborough (Scarborough Rifle Company, 4 septembre 1862), « No. 2 Company » à Aurora (Aurora Infantry Company, 11 décembre 1862), « No. 3 Company » à Lloydtown (Lloydtown Infantry Rifle Company, 19 décembre 1862), « No. 4 Company » à King (King Infantry Company, 23 janvier 1863), et « No. 5 Company » à Newmarket (Newmarket Infantry Company, 15 juin 1866).

2. MGO 12/72.

3. MO 105/1900.

4. GO 66/20.

5. GO 200/36; and GO 75/37.

6. GO 42/41; GO 128/42 and/et GO 131/42.

7. GO 402/44.

8. GO 400/45.

9. CAO 76-3, Supp Issue No. 43/47.

10. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 114/49.

11. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.

12. MOO 271/85, 3 September 1985 / DMO 271/85, 3 sep 85.

13. MOO 2004058, 12 November 2004 / DMO 2004058, 12 novembre 2004.

14. GO 18/21. Although authorized, the regiment was not organized until 15 September 1921 (GO 265/21) / Bien qu'autorisé, le régiment ne fut pas organisé avant le 15 septembre 1921 (GO 265/21).

15. GO 101/27.

16. MGO No. 3 of 10 April 1885.

17. General Sir Frederick Middleton, Suppression of the Rebellion in the North West Territories of Canada 1885, (Toronto, 1948), p. 42.

18. MGO No. 16 of 24 July 1885.

19. GO 36/15.

20. Colonel A.F. Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919, vol. 1 - Appendices (Ottawa), 1938), pp. 448-449; Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 20th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 11, Folder/chemise 20.

21. Ibid; and/et Major D.J. Corrigall, The History of the Twentieth Canadian Battalion (Central Ontario Regiment), Canadian Expeditionary Force, (Toronto, 1935), passim.

22. GO 149/20.

23. GO 86/15.

24. CEF Sailing List, vol. II. The unit also sent two reinforcing drafts overseas on 4 June and 17 August 1915] / L'unité envoya aussi deux contingents de renforts outre-mer le 4 juin et 17 août 1915.

25. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 35th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 11, Folder/chemise 35

26. CRO 198/17.

27. GO 82/18.

28. GO 151/15.

29. CEF Sailing List, vol. VII.

30. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 217th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 217; and/et Lieutenant-Colonel H.M. Jackson, The 127th Battalion, CEF : 2nd Battalion, Canadian Railway Troops, (Montréal, n.d.), pp. 2-3.

31. Ibid, (OMFC AG 21-2-30, 5 February 1917).

32. Lieutenant-Colonel H.M. Jackson, The 127th Battalion, CEF : 2nd Battalion, Canadian Railway Troops, (Montréal, n.d.), passim.

33. GO 196/20.

34. GO 69/16.

35. CEF Sailing List, vol. X.

36. War Diary, 3rd Reserve Battalion, 7 May 1917/7 mai 1917, NAC/AN, RG9/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4950, File/dossier 475.

37. GO 82/18.

38. GO 126/39; and/et GO 135/39.

39. GO 44/41.

40. GO 42/41; and/et GO 131/42..

41. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), p. 538.

42. GO 15/44.

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