Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - ARMOUR REGIMENTS

THE ROYAL CANADIAN HUSSARS (MONTREAL)

The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal) Badge

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BADGE

Description

A rose Argent barbed Vert seeded Or upon a scroll Azure lined Argent edged and inscribed ROYAL CANADIAN HUSSARS in letters Or all below two swords in saltire points upwards Argent hilted Or surmounted by an eagle displayed Sable armed and langued Gules dimidiated with a sinister arm embowed vested Argent the hand proper holding a dagger palewise Argent hilted Or.

Symbolism

The eagle, sleeved arm with the dagger and the crossed cavalry swords came from the badge of the 6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars where, originally, the eagle and arm came from the arms of the Irish province of Connaught and the swords represented the cavalry role of the unit. The white rose came from the badge of the 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars. It was originally the badge of the Royal House of York. "ROYAL CANADIAN HUSSARS" is a form of the regimental title.

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MOTTO

NON NOBIS SED PATRIAE (Not for ourselves but for our country)

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MARCHES

St. Patrick's Day; and Men of Harlech

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ALLIANCE

British Army

The Queen's Royal Hussars; and The Light Dragoons

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BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

South African War

SOUTH AFRICA, 1900.

The First World War

MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916, '18; Flers-Courcelette; Thiepval; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; Passchendaele; Baupaume, 1918; Rosières; Avre; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai, 1918; VALENCIENNES; SAMBRE; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

CAEN; FALAISE; The Laison; THE SCHELDT; Breskens Pocket; THE RHINELAND; THE RHINE; Emmerich-Hoch Elten; Zutphen; Deventer; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944 1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 30 November 1877 and incorporates the following regiments.

The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal) originated in Cookshire, Quebec on 30 November 1877, when the '5th Provisional Regiment of Cavalry' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '5th Regiment of Cavalry' on 21 May 1886;2 and '5th Dragoons' on 1 January 1893.3 On 1 June 1901, it was amalgamated with the '6th "Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars"' (see below) and redesignated the '6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars'.4 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with the '1st Armoured Car Regiment' (see below) and redesignated the '6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars (Armoured Car)'.5 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Regiment, 6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars (Armoured Car)' on 27 February 1941;6 '15th (Reserve) Armoured Regiment, (6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars)' on 1 April 1941;7 '6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars (15th Armoured Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;8 and '6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars' on 19 May 1958.9 On 16 September 1958, it was amalgamated with the '17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars' (see below) and redesignated 'The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal)'.10

Notes :

On 1 November 1920 the 6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars were organized as a two regiment unit with the 1st Regiment on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Regiment on the Reserve order of battle (GO 185/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars were disbanded for the purpose amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 203/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the battalion.

The 6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars were disbanded for the purpose amalgamation on 15 September 1958 and reorganized the next day (CAO 78-3, Part 'B', Supp Issue No. 626/58). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment

The 6th "Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars" originated in Montréal, Quebec on 14 November 1879, when the '6th Provisional Regiment of Cavalry' was authorized to be formed.11 It was redesignated: '6th Regiment of Cavalry' on 18 September 1885;12 '6th Regiment of Cavalry "Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars"' on 20 June 1890;13 and '6th "Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars"' on 1 January 1893.14 On 1 June 1901, it was amalgamated with the '5th Dragoons', as above.

The 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars originated in Montréal, Quebec on 1 March 1907, when the 'The 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars' were authorized to be formed.15 It was redesignated: 'The 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars "Argenteuil Rangers"' on 15 July 1912;16 '17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars' on 15 March 1920;17 '2nd (Reserve) Regiment, 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars' on 11 February 1941;18 '7th (Reserve) Reconnaissance Battalion, (17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars)' on 1 April 1941;19 '7th (Reserve) Reconnaissance Regiment (17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars), CAC' on 8 June 1942;20 '7th (Reserve) Reconnaissance Regiment (17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars), RCAC' on 2 August 1945;21 '17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars (7th Reconnaissance Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;22 and '17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars' on 19 May 1958.23 On 16 September 1958, it was amalgamated with the '6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars', as above.

Notes :

On 1 November 1920 the 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars were organized as a two regiment unit with the 1st Regiment on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Regiment on the Reserve order of battle (GO 185/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 40/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 15 February 1936, the 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars were authorized to perpetuate 'No. 1 Troop, Montreal Cavalry' (GO 24/36).

The 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars were disbanded for the purpose amalgamation on 15 September 1958 and reorganized the next day (CAO 78-3, Part 'B', Supp Issue No. 626/58). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The '1st Armoured Car Regiment' originated in Montréal, Quebec on 1 June 1919, when the '1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC' was authorized to be formed.24 It was redesignated the '1st Armoured Car Regiment' on 1 October 1936.25 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with the '6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars', as above.

Notes :

The 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 June 1919 (GO 104/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

On 15 November 1926, the brigade was authorized to perpetuate the '1st Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade, CEF' (GO 77/26).

The 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC was disbanded for the purpose reorganization on 30 September 1935 and reorganized on 1 October 1936 (GO 15/36, 95/36, 96/36, 113/36,and GO 114/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the brigade.

The 1st Armoured Car Regiment was disbanded for the purpose amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 203/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuation

‘Canadian Light Dragoons’, ‘Company of Guides’, ‘Royal Montreal Troop of Volunteer Cavalry’, ‘Argenteuil and Vaudreuil Divisions (1812-15)’, 'No. 1 Troop, Montreal Cavalry (1855)'; and '1st Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Montréal, Quebec

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

Fenian Raids

The 1st Volunteer Militia Troop of Cavalry of Montreal was called out on active service on 24 May 1870. The troop, which served on the South-eastern frontier, was removed from active service on 31 May 1870.26

South African War

The Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars contributed volunteers for the Canadian contingents in the field.27

The First World War

Details of the 6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protective duty. These details later formed a part of the 'Montreal Composite Regiment' engaged in local protection duties.28

Details of the 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars "Argenteuil Rangers" were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.29

The 1st Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade was authorized on 15 September 1914 as the 'Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, No. 1, CEF'.30 It was redesignated the '1st Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade, CEF' on 16 May 1915.31 The brigade embarked for Britain on 30 September 1914,32 and disembarked in France on 27 June 1915.33 It fought as part of the 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.34 The brigade was disbanded on 6 November 1920.35

The Second World War

The 6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars (Armoured Car) mobilized an armoured squadron designated the '5th Canadian (Armoured) Division Headquarters Squadron (6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars), CAC, CASF' for active service on 27 February 1941.36 This unit embarked for Britain on 11 November 1941.37 It was disbanded on 1 January 1943 and its personnel absorbed by Headquarters, 5th Canadian Armoured Division.38

Details of the 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation '17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars, CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.39 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.40 The regiment subsequently mobilized the '3rd Canadian Motorcycle Regiment, CASF (17 H)' for active service on 24 May 1940.41 It was redesignated '17th (Active) Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars, CASF' on 1 February 1941;42 '7th Reconnaissance Battalion (17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars), CAC, CASF' on 11 February 1941;43 and '7th Reconnaissance Regiment (17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars), CAC, CASF' on 8 June 1942.44 It embarked for Britain on 23 August 1941.45 Detachments of the regiment landed in Normandy as part of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division on 6 June 1944, followed by the remainder of the regiment in the course of June and July 1944.46 The unit fought in North West until the end of the war.47 The regiment was disbanded on 15 January 1946.48 A '2nd 7th Reconnaissance Regiment, CAC, CAOF' was mobilized for service with the Canadian Army Occupation Force on 1 June 1945.49 It was redesignated the '2nd 7th Reconnaissance Regiment, RCAC, CAOF' on 2 August 1945.50 This regiment was disbanded on 24 May 1946.51

GUIDON

The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal)

CAMP FLAG

The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal)


1 MGO 23/77. Formed from four independent troops of cavalry authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Troop' (Cookshire Troop of Volunteer Militia Cavalry, 7 February 1856), 'No. 2 Troop' (1st Troop of Volunteer Militia Cavalry of Sherbrooke, 13 November 1860), 'No. 3 Troop' (Stanstead Troop of Cavalry, 23 February 1872), and 'No. 4 Troop' (Compton Troop of Cavalry, 23 February 1872) / /Formé de quatre troupes de cavalerie indépendantes autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Troop » (Cookshire Troop of Cavalry, /7 février 1856), « No. 2 Troop » (Sherbrooke Troop of Cavalry, 13 novembre 1860), « No. 3 Troop » (Stanstead Troop of Cavalry, 23 février 1872), et « No. 4 Troop » (Compton Troop of Cavalry, 23 février 1872).

2. MGO 10/86.

3 No authority for a change of designation of cavalry units in 1892 is contained within the applicable Militia General Orders or Annual Militia Report sessional papers. However, the date of 1 January 1893 is consistent with the nomenclature used in the aforementioned sources of 1893 and the Department of Militia and Defence, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94) / Les Ordres Généraux de la Milice ou les textes de séances du rapport Annuel de la Milice, ne comportent aucune autorité quant au changement d'appellation des unités de cavalerie en 1892. La date du 1er janvier 1893 correspond toutefois à la nomenclature utilisée dans les sources de 1893 mentionnées précédemment ainsi que par le Ministère de la Milice et de la défense, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94).

4 GO 72/01.

5 GO 203/36.

6 GO 129/41.

7 GO 236/41.

8 CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 114/49.

9 CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.

10 CAO 110-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 626/58; and/et CAO 268-4, Supp Issue No. 626/58.

11 MGO 27/79. Formed from four independent troops of cavalry authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Troop' (1st Volunteer Militia Troop of Cavalry of Montreal, 27 September 1855), 'No. 2 Troop' (Volunteer Militia Troop of Cavalry of St. Andrews, 31 January 1856), 'No. 3 Troop' (Huntingdon Troop of Cavalry, 1 March 1872), and 'No. 4 Troop' (Missisquoi Troop of Cavalry, 1 March 1872) / Formé de quatre troupes de cavalerie indépendantes autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Troop » (1st Volunteer Militia Troop of Cavalry of Montreal, 27 septembre 1855), « No. 2 Troop » (Volunteer Militia Troop of Cavalry of St. Andrews, 31 janvier 1856), « No. 3 Troop » (Huntingdon Troop of Cavalry, 1er mars 1872), et « No. 4 Troop » (Missisquoi Troop of Cavalry, 1er mars 1872).

12 GO 21/85.

13 GO 8/90.

14 No authority for a change of designation of cavalry units in 1892 is contained within the applicable Militia General Orders or Annual Militia Report sessional papers. However, the date of 1 January 1893 is consistent with the nomenclature used in the aforementioned sources of 1893 and the Department of Militia and Defence, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94) / Les Ordres Généraux de la Milice ou les textes de séances du rapport Annuel de la Milice, ne comportent aucune autorité quant au changement d'appellation des unités de cavalerie en 1892. La date du 1er janvier 1893 correspond toutefois à la nomenclature utilisée dans les sources de 1893 mentionnées précédemment ainsi que par le Ministère de la Milice et de la défense, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94).

15 GO 37/07; and/et Errata of 2 Jan 1908. Formed from one existing and one newly authorized independent cavalry squadrons. The '1st Volunteer Militia Troop of Cavalry of Montreal' was authorized on 27 September 1855 (see above) and on 14 November 1879 this troop was designated No. 1 Troop (later "A" Squadron) of the '6th Provisional Regiment of Cavalry' authorized the same date. On 1 July 1897 (MGO 77/97) it was detached from the regiment to become an independent squadron designated 'Montreal Hussars' (redesignated 'The Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars' on 1 June 1898). With the formation of an additional squadron, authorized on 1 March 1907 (GO 34/07), it became a regiment. On 15 February 1936, the perpetuation of "No. 1 Troop, Montreal Cavalry (1885)"[1855] was assigned to the 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars (GO 24/36). / Formé de deux escadrons de cavalerie indépendantes autorisées. La « 1st Volunteer Militia Troop of Cavalry of Montreal » fut autorisée le 27 septembre 1855 (voir ci-dessous) et le 14 novembre 1879, cette troupe fut rebaptisée « No. 1 Troop » (plus tard le « "A" Squadron ») du « 6th Provisional Regiment of Cavalry » autorisée la même journée. Le 1er juillet 1897 (MGO 77/97), elle fut détachée du régiment et devint un escadron indépendant baptisé « Montreal Hussars » (rebaptisé « The Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars » le 1er juin 1898). Avec la formation d'un escadron additionnel, autorisé le 1er mars 1907 (GO 34/07), elle devint un régiment. Le 15 février 1936, la perpétuation de la « No. 1 Troop, Montreal Cavalry (1885)» [1855] fut assignée au « 17th Duke of York's Royal Canadian Hussars (1885) » (GO 24/36).

16 GO 139/12.

17 GO 26/20.

18 GO 79/41.

19 GO 236/41.

20 GO 451/42.

21 GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.

22 CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 114/49.

23 CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.

24 GO 47/19; and/et GO 1/20.

25 GO 96/36; and/et GO 114/36.

26 Hereward Senior, The Last Invasion of Canada, The Fenian Raids 1866-1870, (Toronto, 1991), p. 153, 154, 164, 166, 172.

27 GO 60/33. See also footnote 15 / voir aussi le note 15 au bas de la page.

28 Colonel A.F. Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919, vol. 1 - Appendices (Ottawa), 1938), p. 30.

29 GO 142/14.

30 GO 150/14.

31 Official History of the CEF 1914-1919, Formations and Units Ledger, Document Collection/Collection de documents, 87/252 LG.

32 Colonel A. Fortescue Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in The Great War 1914-1919, General Series Vol. 1, August 1914-September 1915, Appendix 132 (Ottawa, 1938), pp. 110 and 116.

33 War Diary, 1st Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade, 17 June 1915/17 juin 1915, NAC/AN, RG/GE 9, Series 111-D-3, Vol. 4986, File/dossier 625.

34 G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919, (Ottawa, 1962), passim.

35 GO 209/20.

36 GO 88/41; GO 129/41; and/et GO 260/41.

37 Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, folder/chemise 66, file/dossier 2.

38 GO 225/43.

39 GO 124/39; GO 135/39; and/et GO 136/39.

40 GO 44/41.

41 GO 184/40; and/et GO 50/41.

42 GO 60/41.

43 GO 79/41.

44 GO 455/42.

45 Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, folder/chemise 66, file/dossier 3.

46 Charles P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army. The Victory Campaign, (Ottawa, 1966), pp. 82 and/et 650.

47 Ibid, passim.

48 GO 85/46.

49 GO 319/45.

50 GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.

51 GO 201/46.

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