Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - ARMOUR REGIMENTS

THE SHERBROOKE HUSSARS

The Sherbrooke Hussars Badge

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BADGE

Description

Quarterly first and fourth Gules a horse's head Argent upon a wreath Argent and Azure, second Argent a Cornish chough proper, third Sable a sinister arm embowed the hand grasping a kukri Or, all within an annulus Gules edged and inscribed SHERBROOKE HUSSARS in letters Or, ensigned by the Royal Crown and encircled by a wreath of autumn maple leaves proper surmounted in base by a beaver upon a log Or, set above a scroll Sable edged and inscribed IN HOC SIGNO STABILITAS in letters Or.

Symbolism

The maple leaves and the beaver represent service to Canada, and the Crown, service to the Sovereign. The two horse heads represent the cavalry lineage of The Sherbrooke Regiment and the 7th/11th Hussars, the chough (bird) was taken from the coat of arms of the Aylmer family and represents the 11th Hussars, and the sinister arm and Kukri represent the image of an arm with a cavalry sabre formerly depicted in the badge of the 7th Hussars. "SHERBROOKE HUSSARS" is a form of the regimental title and "IN HOC SIGNO STABILITAS" is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

IN HOC SIGNO STABILITAS (Steadfast by this sign)

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MARCH

Regimental March of the Sherbrooke Hussars

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ALLIANCES

British Army

The Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish); and The Royal Anglian Regiment

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BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

The First World War

MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Flers-Courcelette; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai, 1918; VALENCIENNES; SAMBRE; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

NORMANDY LANDING; Authie; CAEN; The Orne; BOURGUÉBUS RIDGE; Faubourg de Vaucelles; St. André-sur-Orne; FALAISE; Falaise Road; Clair Tizon; The Laison; Antwerp-Turnhout Canal; THE SCHELDT; The Lower Maas; THE RHINELAND; The Hochwald; Xanten; THE RHINE; Emmerich-Hoch Elten; Zutphen, Deventer; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944 1945.

Honorary Distinction

The badge of The Royal Rifles of Canada, with the year-date 1941, was awarded as an honorary distinction to the 7th/11th Hussars for significantly reinforcing The Royal Rifles of Canada during their operation in Hong Kong.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 21 September 1866 and incorporates the following regiments.

The Sherbrooke Hussars originated in Melbourne, Quebec on 21 September 1866, when the 'Sherbrooke Battalion of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated the '53rd Sherbrooke Battalion of Infantry' on 15 March 1867.2 On 22 March 1867, it was reorganized as two separate battalions designated the '53rd Melbourne Battalion of Infantry' (see below) and the '54th Sherbrooke Battalion of Infantry'.3 It was redesignated: '53rd Sherbrooke Battalion of Infantry' on 10 May 1867;4 '53rd Sherbrooke Regiment' on 8 May 1900;5 'The Sherbrooke Regiment' on 29 March 1920;6 'The Sherbrooke Regiment (MG)' on 15 December 1936;7 'The Sherbrooke Regiment' on 1 February 1941;8 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Sherbrooke Regiment' on 7 November 1940;9 '12th Armoured Regiment (Sherbrooke Regiment), RCAC' on 1 April 1946;10 'The Sherbrooke Regiment (12th Armoured Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;11 and 'The Sherbrooke Regiment (RCAC)' on 19 May 1958.12 On 15 February 1965, it was amalgamated with the '7th/11th Hussars' (see below) and redesignated 'The Sherbrooke Hussars'.13

Notes :

Upon redesignation as The Sherbrooke Regiment on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (117th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Sherbrooke Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 253/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 7th/11th Hussars originated in Sherbrooke, Quebec on 21 September 1866, when the 'Sherbrooke Battalion of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.14 It was redesignated the '53rd Sherbrooke Battalion of Infantry' on 15 March 1867.15 On 22 March 1867, it was reorganized as two separate battalions, designated the '54th Sherbrooke Battalion of Infantry' (see above) and the '53rd Melbourne Battalion of Infantry'.16 It was redesignated: '54th "Richmond" Battalion of Infantry' on 10 May 1867;17 and '54th Richmond Regiment' on 8 May 1900.18 It was converted to cavalry and redesignated the '11th Hussars' on 1 August 1903.19 On 1 April 1936, it was amalgamated with the 7th Hussars (see below) and redesignated '7th/11th Hussars'.20 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Regiment, 7th/11th Hussars' on 27 February 1941;21 '16th (Reserve) Armoured Regiment, (7th/11th Hussars)' on 1 April 1941;22 '16th Reconnaissance Regiment (7th/11th Hussars), RCAC' on 1 April 1946;23 '7th/11th Hussars (16th Reconnaissance Regiment)' on 4 February 1949;24 '7th/11th Hussars (16th Armoured Regiment)' on 1 September 1954;25 and '7th/11th Hussars' on 19 May 1958.26 On 15 February 1965, it was amalgamated with 'The Sherbrooke Regiment (RCAC)', as above.

Notes :

On 1 November 1920, the 11th Hussars were organized as a two regiment unit with the 1st Regiment on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Regiment on the Reserve order of battle (GO 185/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 11th Hussars were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 April 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 200/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 11th Hussars were disbanded for the purpose amalgamation on 31 March 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 42/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The perpetuation of the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF was transferred from The Eastern Townships Mounted Rifles (now the 27th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA on the Supplementary Order of Battle) to the 7th/11th Hussars on 15 December 1936 (GO 154/37).

The 7th Hussars originated in Robinson, Quebec on 11 October 1867, when the '58th "Compton" Battalion of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.27 It was redesignated the '58th Compton Regiment' on 8 May 1900.28 The regiment was converted to cavalry and redesignated the '7th Hussars' on 1 May 1903.29 On 1 April 1936, it was amalgamated with the '11th Hussars', as above.

Notes :

On 1 November 1920, the 7th Hussars were organized as a two regiment unit with the 1st Regiment on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Regiment on the Reserve order of battle (GO 185/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 7th Hussars were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 July 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 172/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 7th Hussars were disbanded for the purpose amalgamation on 31 March 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 42/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

‘Frontier Light Infantry’, ‘1st and 4th Battalions, Eastern Townships District (1812-15)’, '5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF'; and '117th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Sherbrooke, Quebec

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

Details of the 53rd Sherbrooke Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protective duty.30

30The 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '5th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF',31 embarked for Britain on 18 July 1915.32 It disembarked in France on 24 October 1915, where it fought as part of the 2nd Brigade Canadian Mounted Rifles until 3 January 1916, when it was converted to infantry and allocated to the 8th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division.33 The regiment was redesignated the '5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF' on 24 December 1915.34 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.35

The 117th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '117th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',36 embarked for Britain on 14 August 1916.37 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 8 January 1917 when its personnel were absorbed by the '23rd Reserve Battalion, CEF'.38 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.39

The Second World War

The Sherbrooke Regiment mobilized the 'No. 1 General Base Depot, CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.40 This unit embarked for Britain on 25 January 1940,41 where it provided guards for vulnerable points until disbanded on 6 July 1940.42 Subsequently, the regiment, in conjunction with Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke, mobilized 'The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment, CASF' for active service on 24 May 1940.43 It was redesignated: '1st Battalion, The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment, CASF' on 7 November 1940;44 '1st Battalion, The Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment, CASF' on 15 November 1940;45 and upon conversion to armour, '27th Armoured Regiment (The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment), CAC, CASF' on 26 January 1942;46 and '27th Armoured Regiment (The Sherbrooke Fusiliers Regiment), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.47 The regiment served in Newfoundland from 13 August 1941 to 15 February 1942,48 and embarked for Britain on 27 October 1942.49 On 6 June 1944 it landed in Normandy, France as a unit of the 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade and it continued to fight in North West Europe until the end of the war.50 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 15 February 1946.51

The 7th/11th Hussars mobilized an armoured squadron designated the '2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade Headquarters Squadron (7th/11th Hussars), CASF' for active service on 27 February 1941.52 This unit embarked for Britain on 9 October 1941.53 It was disbanded on 1 January 1943 and its personnel absorbed by Headquarters, 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade.54

GUIDON

The Sherbrooke Hussars

CAMP FLAG

The Sherbrooke Hussars


1. MGO of 21 Sep 66. Formed from six existing independent infantry and rifle companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (1st Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Sherbrooke, 20 March 1856), 'No. 2 Company' (2nd Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Sherbrooke, 13 November 1860), 'No. 3 Company', (First Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Danville, 17 July 1861), 'No. 4 Company' (Infantry Company at Melbourne, 16 March 1866), 'No. 5 Company' (Infantry Company at Richmond, 16 March 1866), and 'No. 6 Company' (Infantry Company at Lennoxville, 2 June 1866) / Formé de six compagnies d'infanterie indépendantes et de voltigeurs autorisés selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (1st Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Sherbrooke, 20 mars 1856), « No. 2 Company » (2nd Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Sherbrooke, 13 novembre 1860), « No. 3 Company », (First Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Danville, 17 juillet 1861), « No. 4 Company » (Infantry Company at Melbourne, 16 mars 1866), « No. 5 Company » (Infantry Company at Richmond, 16 mars 1866), et « No. 6 Company » (Infantry Company at Lennoxville, 2 juin 1866).

2. MGO of 15 Mar 67.

3. MGO of 22 Mar 67.

4. MGO of 10 May 67.

5. MO 105/1900.

6. MO 95/20.

7. GO 164/36.

8. GO 54/41.

9. GO 42/41.

10. GO 115/46.

11. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 114/49.

12. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.

13. SD 1 Letter No. 65/64; and/et Message, QUECOM G 3564, 221800Z SEP 65.

14. MGO of 21 Sep 66.

15. MGO of 15 Mar 67.

16. MGO of 22 Mar 67.

17. MGO of 10 May 67.

18. MO 105/1900.

19. GO 134/03.

20. GO 42/36.

21. GO 129/41.

22. GO 236/41.

23. GO 115/46.

24. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 114/49.

25. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No 420/55.

26. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.

27. MGO of 11 Oct 67. Formed from eight existing independent infantry companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Bury, 9 March 1866), 'No. 2 Company' (Gould Infantry Company, 16 November 1866), 'No. 3 Company' (Winslow Infantry Company, 16 November 1866), 'No. 4 Company' (Marbleton Infantry Company, 16 November 1866), 'No. 5 Company' (Lake Megantic Infantry Company, 22 March 1867), 'No. 6 Company' (Compton Infantry Company, 22 March 1867), 'No. 7 Company' (Coaticook Infantry Company, 8 June 1866), and 'No. 8 Company' (Stanstead Infantry Company, 8 June 1866) / Formé de huit compagnies indépendantes d?infanterie et de voltigeurs autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Bury, 9 mars 1866), « No. 2 Company » (Gould Infantry Company, 16 novembre 1866), « No. 3 Company » (Winslow Infantry Company, 16 novembre 1866), « No. 4 Company » (Marbleton Infantry Company, 16 novembre 1866), « No. 5 Company » (Lake Megantic Infantry Company, 22 mars 1867), « No. 6 Company » (Compton Infantry Company, 22 mars 1867), « No. 7 Company » (Coaticook Infantry Company, 8 juin 1866), et « No. 8 Company » (Stanstead Infantry Company, 8 juin 1866).

28. MO 105/1900.

29. GO 80/03.

30. GO 142/14.

31. GO 36/15.

32. CEF Sailing List, vol. XII.

33. Memorandum, Department of the Ministry of Overseas Military Forces of Canada on the subject of Overseas Military Forces of Canada, 1918, (DHH Library D547 C2 C35 1918), p. 7; and/et Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 5th Regiment C.M.R., Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 6. The 6th Regiment, CMR was absorbed by the 4th and 5th Regiments CMR when they were converted to infantry / Le « 6th Regiment, CMR » fut incorporé au sein des « 4th » et « 5th Regiment(s), CMR » lorsqu?ils furent convertis à l'infanterie.

34. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 6.

35. GO 149/20. This order disbanded the 5th CMR Battalion but a subsequent general order (GO 207/20) disbanded the 5th Regiment, CMR with effect from 6 November 1920. As these orders refer to the same unit, the first general order is considered to be the official authorization to disband. / Cet ordre dissoluait le « 5th CMR Battalion ». Par contre, un ordre général subséquent (GO 207/20) dissolvait le « 5th Regiment, CMR » avec le 6 novembre 1920 comme date de mise en vigueur. Dans la mesure où ces ordres réfèrent à la même unité, le premier ordre général fut considéré l'autorisation officielle de dissolution.

36. GO 151/15.

37. CEF Sailing List , vol. VI.

38. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 117th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 117.

39. GO 149/20

40. GO 135/39.

41. Lieutenant-Colonel H.M. Jackson, The Sherbrooke Regiment (12th Armoured Regiment), (n.p., 1958), p. 70a.

42. GO 438/43.

43. GO 184/40; and/et GO 50/41.

44. GO 42/41.

45. GO 42/41; and/et GO 62/41. Note the change of the word 'fusiliers' from the plural to the singular form / À noter le changement de forme du mot « fusiliers » du pluriel au singulier.

46. GO 132/42.

47. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.

48. Lieutenant-Colonel H.M. Jackson, The Sherbrooke Regiment (12th Armoured Regiment), (np, 1958), pp. 68, and/et 76.

49. Ibid, p. 82.

50. John Marteinson and Michael R. McNorgan, The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, (Toronto, 2000), passim.

51. GO 111/46.

52. GO 224/43.

53. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, folder/chemise 82, file/dossier 4.

54. GO 88/41; GO 129/41; and/et GO 260/41.

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