Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries

10TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT, RCA

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LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 3 July 1905 and incorporates the following regiments and artillery batteries.

The 10th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA originated in Regina, Saskatchewan on 2 February 1920, when the '10th Brigade, CFA' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '10th Field Brigade, CA' on 1 July 1925;2 '10th Field Brigade, RCA' on 3 June 1935;3 '10th (Reserve) Field Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940;4 '10th (Reserve) Field Regiment, RCA' on 15 March 1943;5 and '10th Medium Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946.6 On 2 August 1954, it was amalgamated with the '22nd Field Regiment, RCA' (see below), the '44th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA' (redesignated '44th Medium Battery, RCA'), and the '67th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA' (see below), retaining the same designation.7 On 30 October 1961, the 44th Medium Battery, RCA ceased its amalgamation with the regiment.8 It was redesignated: '10th Medium Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960;9 and '10th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 1 May 1962.10

Notes :
The 10th Brigade, CFA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 2 July 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 131/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the brigade.

The 10th Brigade, CFA was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 186/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 22nd Field Regiment, RCA originated on 3 July 1905, when a 'regiment of infantry' was authorized to be formed in the districts of Assiniboia and Saskatchewan.14 It was redesignated the '95th Regiment' on 2 April 1907;15 and it became a rifle regiment on 1 May 1908.16 It was redesignated the '95th Saskatchewan Rifles' on 1 June 1909.17 On 1 April 1912 the regiment was reorganized into two separate regiments, designated the '95th [Saskatchewan] Regiment' and the '105th Regiment' (now 'The North Saskatchewan Regiment').18 On 15 March 1920, it was amalgamated with the '60th Rifles of Canada' (see below) and redesignated 'The South Saskatchewan Regiment'.19 On 15 May 1924, The South Saskatchewan Regiment was reorganized into five regiments designated, 'The Weyburn Regiment' (now 'The South Saskatchewan Regiment'); 'The Saskatchewan Border Regiment' (now 'The South Saskatchewan Regiment'); 'The Regina Rifle Regiment' (now 'The Royal Regina Regiment'); 'The South Saskatchewan Regiment' (now 'The Saskatchewan Dragoons'); and 'The Assiniboia Regiment'.20 On 1 December 1936, The Assiniboia Regiment was converted to artillery and redesignated '22nd (Assiniboia) Field Brigade, RCA'.21 It was redesignated: '22nd (Reserve) (Assiniboia) Field Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940;22 '22nd (Reserve) (Assiniboia) Field Regiment, RCA' on 15 March 1943;23 and '22nd Field Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946.24 On 2 August 1954, it was amalgamated with the '10th Field Regiment, RCA', the '44th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA', and the '67th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA', and redesignated the '10th Field Regiment, RCA', as above.

Notes :
Upon redesignation as The South Saskatchewan Regiment on 15 March 1920 (see above) it was organized as a five battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (28th Battalion, CEF) and 2nd Battalion (46th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 3rd Battalion (68th Battalion, CEF), 4th Battalion (128th Battalion, CEF), and 5th Battalion (195th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle.

On 1 October 1920 it was organized as a ten battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (28th Battalion, CEF), 2nd Battalion (46th Battalion, CEF), 3rd Battalion (no CEF designation), 4th Battalion (no CEF designation), and 5th Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 6th Battalion (68th Battalion, CEF), 7th Battalion (128th Battalion, CEF), 8th Battalion (195th Battalion, CEF), 9th Battalion (no CEF designation) and 10th Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle (GO 160/20).

The South Saskatchewan Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Upon redesignation as The Assiniboia Regiment (see above) on 15 May 1924 it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (217th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and a 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle (GO 67/24). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Assiniboia Regiment was disbanded on 30 November 1936 for the purpose of conversion to artillery on 1 December 1936 (GO 165/36 and GO 167/36). This change was administrative and do not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 67th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA originated in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan on 1 April 1911, when the '29th Light Horse' was authorized to be formed.25 It was redesignated '18th Canadian Light Horse' on 15 March 1920.26 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with the '67th Field Battery, RCA' (see below) and redesignated the '67th (Rosetown) Field Battery, RCA'.27 It was redesignated: '67th (Reserve) (Rosetown) Field Battery, RCA' on 7 November 1940;28 and '67th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA' on 1 April 1946.29 On 2 August 1954, it was amalgamated with the '10th Medium Regiment, RCA', the '22nd Field Regiment, RCA', and the '44th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA', as above.

Note :
The 18th Canadian Light Horse was disbanded on 14 December 1936 for the purpose of conversion to artillery on 15 December 1936 (GO 207/36). This change was administrative and do not affect the lineage of the battery.

The 67th Field Battery, RCA originated in Rosetown, Saskatchewan on 2 February 1920, when the '67th Battery, CFA' was authorized to be formed.30 It was redesignated: '67th Field Battery, CA' on 1 July 1925;31 and '67th Field Battery, RCA' on 3 June 1935.32 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with the '18th Canadian Light Horse', retaining the former designation, as above.

The 60th Rifles of Canada originated in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan on 2 January 1913, when the '60th Rifles of Canada' were authorized to be formed.33 On 15 March 1920, it was amalgamated with the '95th Saskatchewan Rifles' and redesignated 'The South Saskatchewan Regiment', as above.

Perpetuations

10th Brigade, CFA, CEF'; '217th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'; and '67th Depot Battery, CFA, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Regina, Saskatchewan

Allocated Batteries

18th Field Battery, RCA
64th Field Battery, RCA

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

Details from the 29th Light Horse, 60th Rifles of Canada and the 95th Saskatchewan Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.34

The 10th Brigade, which was authorized on 1 January 1916 as the '10th Brigade, CFA, CEF',35 embarked for Britain on 26 February 1916.36 It disembarked in France on 14 July 1916,37 where it provided field artillery support as part of the 3rd Canadian Divisional Artillery in France and Flanders until the end of the war.38 The brigade was disbanded on 23 October 1920.39

The 217th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '217th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',40 embarked for Britain on 2 June 1917.41 Its personnel were absorbed by the '19th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 9 June 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.42 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.43

The 67th Battery was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '67th "Overseas" Depot Battery, CEF'.44 The battery served as a depot unit in Canada until its personnel were absorbed by 'No. 2 Artillery Depot, CEF on 2 October 1918.45 The overseas battery was disbanded on 23 October 1920.46

The Second World War

The 67th (Rosetown) Field Battery mobilized the '67th (Rosetown) Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA, CASF' on 24 May 1941.47 It provided light anti- aircraft artillery support as part of the 7th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA, CASF, in Great Britain.48 The battery was disbanded on 1 March 1944.49

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1. GO 13/20.

2. GO 82/25.

3. GO 58/35.

4. GO 273/40.

5. GO 156/43.

6. GO 115/46.

7. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 432/55.

8. CAO 110-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 709/61.

9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 670/60.

10. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 723/62.

11. CFOO 3.310, 3 May 79 / OOFC 3.310, 3 mai 79.

12. CFOO 3.310, 1 Jan 81 / OOFC 3.310, 1er jan 81.

13. MOO 97193, 14 Aug 97 / DMO 97193, 14 août 97.

14. GO 155/05. The localization of the headquarters was not authorized until 1 April 1908, at Regina, Saskatchewan (GO 63/08) /L'emplacement du Quartier général ne fut pas autorisé avant le 1er avril 1908, à Regina en Saskatchewan (GO 63/08).

15. GO 67/07.

16. GO 81/08.

17. GO 75/09.

18. GO 60/12. Actual order does not include 'Saskatchewan' in nomenclature, however, this is officially considered an administrative oversight as subsequent orders dealing with the regiment use the title / L'ordre en soi n'inclut pas "Saskatchewan" dans sa nomenclature, par contre, ceci est officiellement considéré une erreur administrative puisque les ordres subséquentes utilisent ce titre.

19. MO 72/20.

20. GO 67/24.

21. GO 167/36.

22. GO 273/40.

23. GO 156/43.

24. GO 116/46.

25. GO 52/11. Formed from two existing squadrons transferred from the 22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse ['A Squadron' in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan and 'D Squadron' in Allan, Saskatchewan] and two newly authorized squadrons designated 'B Squadron' and 'C Squadron' / Formé de deux escadrons existants transférés du « 22nd Saskatchewan Light Horse » [« A Squadron » à Saskatoon, en Saskatchewan et « D Squadron » à Allan, en Saskatchewan] et de deux escadrons nouvellement autorisés désignés « B Squadron » et « C Squadron ».

26. GO 26/20. Although authorized, the battery organization was held in abeyance until the amalgamation with the 18th Canadian Light Horse / Bien qu'autorisée, l'organisation de la batterie fut suspendue jusqu'à son amalgamation avec le « 18th Canadian Light Horse ».

27. GO 207/36; and/et GO 30/37.

28. GO 273/40.

29. GO 115/46.

30. GO 13/20.

31. GO 82/25.

32. GO 58/35.

33. GO 5/13.

34. GO 142/14.

35. List of Canadian Artillery units during the First World War. Compiled from ledger of C.E.F. Units (Mr. Pye) for Col. Nicholson, Sep 63, Kardex file 112.3H1.005 (D4).

36. CEF Sailing List, vol XII.

37. War Diary, 10th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery, 14 July 1916/14 juillet 1916, NAC/AN, RG9/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4970, File/dossier 549.

38. G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), passim; and/et Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 37th, 38th and/et 39th Battery, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 2.

39. GO 191/20 and/et CEF RO 1703/19. Although this formation is not specifically listed, this is considered the official disbandment date as it is the date in which all the batteries of the brigade were disbanded / Même si cette formation n'est pas spécifiquement listée, l'on considère cette date comme étant celle de sa dissolution officielle puisqu'elle correspond à celle de toutes les batteries des brigades d'artillerie.

40. GO 69/16.

41. CEF Sailing List, vol X.

42. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 217th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 217.

43. GO 82/18.

44. GO 69/16.

45. List of Canadian Artillery units during the First World War. Compiled from ledger of C.E.F. Units (Mr. Pye) for Col. Nicholson, Sep 63, Kardex file 112.3H1.005 (D4); and/eth CEF RO 1144/18.

46. GO 191/20.

47. GO 149/41.

48. G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, vol. 2 (Toronto, 1972), p.125.

49. GO 357/44.

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