Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries
12TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT, RCA
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This Reserve Force regiment originated in Woodstock, New Brunswick on 9 May 1905, when the '4th Brigade of Field Artillery, CA' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '12th Brigade, CFA' on 2 February 1920;2 '12th Field Brigade, CA' on 1 July 1925;3 '12th Field Brigade, RCA' on 3 June 1935;4 '12th (Reserve) Field Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940;5 '12th (Reserve) Field Regiment, RCA' on 1 September 1943;6 '12th Field Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946;7 and '12th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960.8 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 22 January 1965.9
The 12th Brigade, CFA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 May 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 102/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the brigade.
The 12th Brigade, CFA was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 186/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
'12th Brigade, CFA, CEF'
Fredericton, New Brunswick
The First World War
The 12th Brigade was mobilized in France on 22 June 1916 as the '12th Brigade, CFA, CEF'.10 It provided field artillery support as part of the 1st Canadian Divisional Artillery, CEF in France and Flanders until it was absorbed by the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Brigades, CFA on 15 March 1917.11 The brigade was disbanded on 23 October 1920.12
1. Special GO of 9 May 1905. Formed from two existing independent field batteries authorized on the following dates: '10th "Woodstock" Field Battery' (Woodstock Battery of Garrison Artillery, 30 May 1866), and '12th "Newcastle" Field Battery' (Newcastle Field Battery, 18 December 1868) / Formé de deux batteries de campagne indépendantes autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « 10th "Woodstock" Field Battery » (Woodstock Battery of Garrison Artillery, 30 mai 1866), et « 12th "Newcastle" Field Battery » (Newcastle Field Battery, 18 décembre 1868).
2. GO 13/20.
3. GO 82/25.
4. GO 58/35.
5. GO 273/40.
6. GO 44/45.
7. GO 247/46.
8. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 670/60.
9. SD 1 Letter No. 64/67; and/et Message, EASCOM, G 5628, 21181Z Sep 65.
10. List of Canadian Artillery units during the First World War. Compiled from ledger of C.E.F. Units (Mr. Pye) for Col. Nicholson, Sep 63, Kardex file 112.3H1.005 (D4); and/et G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, 1534-1919, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), p. 251.
11. List of Canadian Artillery units during the First World War. Compiled from ledger of C.E.F. Units (Mr. Pye) for Col. Nicholson, Sep 63, Kardex file 112.3H1.005 (D4); and/et G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, 1534-1919, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), p. 277.
12. GO 191/20. Although this formation is not specifically listed, this is considered the official disbandment date as it is the date in which all the batteries of the brigade were disbanded / Même si cette formation n'est pas spécifiquement listée, l'on considère cette date comme étant celle de sa dissolution officielle puisqu'elle correspond à celle de toutes les autres brigades d'artillerie.
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