Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries
1ST AIR DEFENCE REGIMENT (LANARK AND RENFREW SCOTTISH), RCA
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This Reserve Force regiment originated in Brockville, Ontario on 5 October 1866, when the '42nd "Brockville Battalion of Infantry"' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '42nd "Lanark and Renfrew" Battalion of Infantry' on 1 December 1897;2 '42nd Lanark and Renfrew Regiment' on 8 May 1900;3 'The Lanark and Renfrew Regiment' on 12 March 1920;4 'The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment' on 15 July 1927;5 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment' on 7 November 1940;6 and 'The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment (Reserve)' on 15 September 1944.7 On 1 April 1946 the regiment was converted to artillery and redesignated '59th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Lanark and Renfrew Scottish), RCA'.8 On 1 December 1959 the regiment was converted to infantry and redesignated 'The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment'.9 On 10 November 1992 the regiment was converted to artillery and redesignated '1st Air Defence Regiment (Lanark and Renfrew Scottish), RCA'.10
Upon redesignation as The Lanark and Renfrew Regiment on 12 March 1920 (see above) it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (130th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (240th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The Lanark and Renfrew Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 April 1922 and reorganized the same day (GO 101/22). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
'130th', and '240th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
89th Air Defence Artillery Battery, RCA
109th Air Defence Artillery Battery, RCA
The Highland Laddie
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment)
The 42nd "Brockville Battalion of Infantry" was called out on active service on 24 May 1870. The battalion, which served on the St. Lawrence River frontier, was removed from active service on 2 June 1870.12
The First World War
The 130th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '130th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',13 embarked for Britain on 27 September 1916.14 Its personnel were absorbed by the '12th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 6 October 1916 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.15 The battalion was disbanded on 21 May 1917.16
The 240th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '240th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',17 embarked for Britain on 3 May 1917.18 Its personnel were absorbed by the '7th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 4 June 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.19 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.20
The Second World War
Details from the regiment were mobilized for active service to provide guards for vulnerable points under the designation 'The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment, CASF (Details)' on 1 September 1939.21 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.22 The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment, CASF' on 5 March 1942.23 This unit served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Atlantic Command.24 The battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1943.25
The '1st Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA, CASF' was organized in England on 1 February 1941.26 It landed in Sicily on 8 November 1943 and in Italy on 8 January 1944 as part of the 12th Infantry Brigade, 5th Canadian Armoured Division. It was converted to infantry and redesignated 'The Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment, CIC, CASF' on 13 July 1944.27 On 5 March 1945 the regiment moved to North-West Europe where on 15 March 1945 it was converted to artillery and redesignated '1st Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Lanark and Renfrew Scottish Regiment), RCA, CASF' and allocated to the 'No. 3 Canadian Base Reinforcement Group'.28 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 29 June 1945.29
1. MGO of 5 Oct 66. Formed from six existing independent infantry companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' at Almonte (Almonte Infantry Company, 5 December 1862), 'No. 2 Company at Brockville (Brockville Infantry Company, 11 December 1862),'No. 3 Company' at Perth (Perth Infantry Company, 16 January 1863), 'No. 4 Company' at Fitzroy (FitzRoy Infantry Company, 16 January 1863), 'No. 5 Company' at Lansdowne (Lansdowne Infantry Company, 15 June 1866), and 'No. 6 Company' at Smith's Falls (Smith's Falls Infantry Company, 22 June 1866) /Formé de six compagnies d'infanterie indépendantes autorisées selon les dates suivantes: « No. 1 Company » à Almonte (Almonte Infantry Company, 5 décembre 1862), « No. 2 Company » à Brockville (Brockville Infantry Company, 11 décembre 1862), « No. 3 Company » à Perth (Perth Infantry Company, 16 janvier 1863), « No. 4 Company » à Fitzroy (FitzRoy Infantry Company, 16 janvier 1863), « No. 5 Company » à Lansdowne (Lansdowne Infantry Company, 15 juin 1866), et « No. 6 Company » à Smith's Falls (Smith's Falls Infantry Company, 22 juin 1866).
2. GO 109/97.
3. MO 105/1900.
4. MO 59/20.
5. GO 60/27.
6. GO 273/40; GO 42/41; GO 131/42; 213/43; and/etGO 439/44.
7. GO 402/44.
8. GO 115/46.
9. CAO 76-3, Part 'B', Supp Issue No. 658/59.
10. MOO 92261, 10 Nov 92 / DMO 92261, 10 nov 92.
11. CFOO 5097, 221726Z Dec 98 / OOFC 5097, 221726Z déc 98.
12. Adjutant General of the Militia Annual Report reprinted in the Report on the State of the Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Year 1870, (Ottawa, 1870), pp. 60, 62 to 64 and/et 69.
13. GO 151/15.
14. CEF Sailing List, vol. VII.
15. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 130th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672,Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 130.
16. GO 63/17.
17. GO 69/16.
18. CEF Sailing List, vol. XI.
19. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 240th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 240.
20. GO 82/18.
21. GO 170/39.
22. GO 44/41.
23. GO 131/42; and/et GO 485/42 (which allocates unit to the Canadian Infantry Corps / qui assigne une unité au Corps d'infanterie canadienne).
24. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955),p. 537.
25. GO 15/44.
26. GO 56/41.
27. GO 18/45.
28. GO 295/45.
29. GO 321/45.
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