Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries
24TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT, RCA
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This Reserve Force regiment originated in Fernie, British Columbia on 1 May 1914, when an "eight company regiment of infantry" was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '107th (East Kootenay) Regiment' on 2 November 1914;2 and 'The Kootenay Regiment' on 12 March 1920.3 On 15 December 1936 it was converted to artillery and redesignated the '24th (Kootenay) Field Brigade, RCA'.4 It was redesignated: '24th Reserve (Kootenay) Field Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940;5 '24th Reserve (Kootenay) Field Regiment, RCA' on 15 March 1943;6 '24th Field Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946;7 '24th Heavy Anti- Aircraft Regiment, RCA' on 5 February 1948;8 '24th Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' on 22 August 1955;9 '24th Medium Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960;10 and '24th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 10 December 1962.11 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 28 February 1965.12
Upon redesignation as The Kootenay Regiment on 12 March 1920 (see above) it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (54th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (225th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The Kootenay Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 December 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 30/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
The Kootenay Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of conversion to artillery on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 177/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
'54th', and '225th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
Trail, British Columbia
The First World War
The 54th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '54th Battalion, CEF',13 embarked for Britain on 22 November 1915.14 and disembarked in France on 14 August 1916.15 It fought as part of the 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.16 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.17
The 225th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '225th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',18 embarked for Britain on 26 January 1917.19 Its personnel were absorbed by the '16th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 6 February 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.20 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.21
1. GO 80a/14. The newly formed companies of the regiment had no lineal connection with the two independent companies of rifles, designated 'Kootenay Rifles', which were authorized in the town of Fernie on 3 January 1905 (GO 12/05). Both these earlier companies were disbanded on 1 June 1912 (GO 102/12) / Les compagnies nouvellement formées du régiment n'avaient aucun lien historique avec les deux compagnies indépendantes de voltigeurs, baptisées « Kootenay Rifles » et autorisées à Fernie le 3 janvier 1905 (GO 12/05). Ces deux compagnies furent dissoutes le 1er juin 1912 (GO 102/12).
2. GO 179/14.
3. MO 61/20.
4. GO 177/36.
5. GO 273/40.
6. GO 156/43.
7. GO 116/46.
8. CAO 76-3, Supp Issue No. 62/48.
9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 458/55.
10. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 670/60.
11. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 740/63.
12. SD 1 Letter No. 64/53; and/et Letter, HQ Western Command to D Org, 18 Oct 65, file ref: WC 2001-3/1 (G).
13. GO 86/15.
14. CEF Sailing List, vol. III.
15. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 54th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 11, Folder/chemise 54.
16. G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919, (Ottawa, 1962), passim. The regiment also sent two reinforcement drafts to England on 21 July 1915, and 23 October 1915 (eventually to the 30th Reserve Battalion) / Le régiment avait envoyé aussi deux contingents de renforts en Angleterre le 21 juillet 1915 et le 23 octobre 1915 (éventuellement au « 30th Reserve Battalion »).
17. GO 149/20.
18. GO 69/16.
19. CEF Sailing List - vol. X.
20. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 225th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 225.
21. GO 82/18.
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