Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries

2ND FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT, RCA

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LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 27 November 1856 and incorporates the following regiments.

The 2nd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA originated in Montréal, Quebec on 27 November 1856, when the 'Battalion of Montreal Artillery' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: 'Montreal Brigade of Garrison Artillery' on 6 February 1869;2 '2nd "Montreal" Battalion of Garrison Artillery' on 1 January 1893;3 '2nd "Montreal" Regiment, CA' on 28 December 1895;4 '2nd "Montreal" Regiment (Heavy Brigade), CA' on 2 April 1907;5 '2nd "Montreal" Heavy Brigade, CGA' on 2 May 1910;6 'The Montreal Heavy Brigade, CGA' on 1 March 1912;7 '2nd Heavy Brigade, CA' on 2 February 1920;8 '2nd Medium Brigade, CA' on 1 July 1925;9 '2nd Medium Brigade, RCA' on 3 June 1935;10 '2nd (Reserve) Medium Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940;11 '2nd (Reserve) Medium Regiment, RCA' on 1 December 1942;12 '2nd (Reserve) Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' on 28 July 1944;13 and '2nd Medium Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946.14 On 15 September 1959 it was amalgamated with the '51st Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' (see below), retaining the same designation.15 It was redesignated '2nd Medium Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960.16 On 26 February 1965 the regiment was reduced to nil strength, made dormant and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle.17 It was removed from the Supplementary Order of Battle on 1 June 1966 and embodied in the Reserve Force under the designation '2nd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA'.18

The 51st Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA originated in Montréal, Quebec on 1 April 1946, when the '51st Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' was authorized to be formed.21 It was redesignated '51st Medium Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' on 22 August 1955.22 On 15 September 1959 it was amalgamated with the 2nd Medium Regiment, RCA, as above.

Notes :
The 2nd Heavy Brigade, CA was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 186/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 2nd Heavy Brigade, CA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 April 1922 and reorganized the same day (GO 9/22). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the brigade.

Perpetuations

‘Corps of Provincial Royal Artillery Drivers’, ‘Royal Militia Artillery’, and, '2nd Brigade, CGA, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Montréal, Quebec

Allocated Batteries

7th Field Battery, RCA
50th Field Battery, RCA
66th Field Battery, RCA

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

Fenian Raids

The Montreal Brigade of Garrison Artillery was called out on active service on 24 May 1870. The brigade, which served on the South-eastern frontier, was removed from active service on 31 May 1870.23

North West Rebellion

Elements of the Montreal Brigade of Garrison Artillery, which were mobilized for active service on 10 April 1885,24 served with the Battleford Column of the North-West Field Force.25 They were removed from active service on 24 July 1885.26

The First World War

Details from The Montreal Heavy Brigade were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.27

The 2nd Brigade was mobilized in France on 18 January 1917 as the '2nd Canadian Heavy Artillery Group, CEF'.28 It was redesignated '2nd Brigade, CGA, CEF' on 12 January 1918.29 It provided siege artillery support as part of the Canadian Corps troops in France and Flanders until the end of the war.30 The brigade was disbanded on 1 November 1920.31

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1. MGO No. 1, 27 November 1856.

2. MGO No. 1, 6 February 1869.

3. No authority for a change of designation of artillery brigades in 1892 is contained within the applicable Militia General Orders or Annual Militia Report sessional papers. However, the date of 1 January 1893 is consistent with the nomenclature used in the aforementioned sources of 1893 and the Department of Militia and Defence, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94) / Les Ordres Généraux de la Milice ou les textes de séances du rapport Annuel de la Milice, ne comportent aucune autorité quant au changement d'appellation des brigades d'artillerie en 1892. La date du 1er janvier 1893 correspond toutefois à la nomenclature utilisée dans les sources de 1893 mentionnées précédemment ainsi que par le Ministère de la Milice et de la défense, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94).

4. GO 58/95.

5. Note to GO 58/07.

6. GO 57/10.

7. GO 39/12; and/et GO 41/12.

8. GO 13/20.

9. GO 82/25.

10. GO 58/35.

11. GO 273/40.

12. GO 92/43.

13. GO 386/44.

14. GO 115/46.

15. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 655/59.

16. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 670/60.

17. SD 1 Letter No. 64/65; and/et Message, QUECOM, G 3564, 221800Z Sep 65.

18. CFOO 6/66.

19. CFOO 3.310, 5 May 79 / OOFC 3.310, 5 mai 79.

20. CFOO 3.310, 1 Jan 81 / OOFC 3.310, 1er jan 81.

21. GO 114/46.

22. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 458/55.

23. Adjutant General of the Militia Annual Report reprinted in the Report on the State of the Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Year 1870, (Ottawa, 1870), p. 77.

24. MGO 11/85.

25. Report Upon the Suppression of the Rebellion in the North-West Territories, and Matters in Connection Therewith, in 1885, (Ottawa, 1886), Appendix No. 1 (Special report by Major-General Middleton), p.14.

26. MGO 16/85.

27. GO 142/14.

28. List of Canadian Artillery units during the First World War. Compiled from ledger of C.E.F. Units (Mr. Pye) for Col. Nicholson, Sep 63, Kardex file 112.3H1.005 (D4).

29. Ibid.

30. G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), passim.

31. GO 191/20; and/et CEF RO 1932/19. Although this formation is not specifically listed, this is considered the official date of disbandment as it is the General Order in which the batteries of the brigade were disbanded / Bien que cette formation n'est pas spécifiquement listée, ceci est considéré la date officielle de dissolution selon l'Ordre général, selon lequel les batteries de la brigade furent dissoutes.

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