Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries

33RD MEDIUM ARTILLERY REGIMENT, RCA

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LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 30 November 1866 and incorporates the following regiment and artillery batteries.

The 33rd Medium Artillery Regiment, RCA originated in Cobourg, Ontario on 1 April 1946, when the '33rd Medium Regiment, RCA' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated the '33rd Medium Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960.2 On 6 July 1960, it was amalgamated with the '22nd Independent Medium Artillery Battery, RCA' (see below) retaining the same designation.3 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 12 February 1965.4

The 22nd Independent Medium Artillery Battery, RCA originated in Cobourg, Ontario on 1 May 1866, when the 'Garrison Battery of Artillery at Cobourg' was authorized to be formed.5 It was redesignated: 'Cobourg Company of Garrison Artillery' on 1 January 1893;6 'Cobourg Company of Garrison Artillery, CA' on 28 December 1895;7 'Cobourg Heavy Battery, CGA' on 15 February 1913;8 '2nd Heavy Battery, CA' on 2 February 1920;9 '22nd Medium Battery, CA' on 1 July 1925;10 '22nd Medium Battery, RCA' on 3 June 1935;11 '22nd (Cobourg) Medium Battery, RCA' on 1 December 1938;12 '22nd (Reserve) (Cobourg) Medium Battery, RCA' on 7 November 1940;13 and '22nd Medium Battery, RCA' on 1 April 1946.14 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with the '47th Anti-Tank Battery (Self Propelled), RCA' (see below) and redesignated the '22nd Independent Medium Battery, RCA'.15 It was redesignated the '22nd Independent Medium Artillery Battery, RCA' on 12 April 1960.16 On 6 July 1960, it was amalgamated with the '33rd Medium Artillery Regiment, RCA', as above.

Notes :
The 2nd Heavy Battery, CA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 June 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 102/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the battery.

The 33rd Medium Artillery Regiment's date of origin is not traced to the formation date of the Garrison Battery of Artillery at Cobourg as lineage is traced from the formation of unit not sub- unit sized organizations, ie. regiments and battalions.

The 47th Anti-Tank Battery (Self-Propelled), RCA originated in Kingston, Ontario on 14 September 1866, when the '47th "Frontenac" Battalion of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.17 It was redesignated: '47th Frontenac Regiment' on 8 May 1900;18 and 'The Frontenac Regiment' on 12 March 1920.19 On 15 December 1936, it was converted to artillery and redesignated the '47th (Napanee) Field Battery, RCA'.20 It was redesignated: '47th (Napanee) Field Battery (Howitzer), RCA' on 1 December 1937;21 '47th (Reserve) (Napanee) Field Battery (Howitzer), RCA' on 7 November 1940;22 '47th Reserve (Napanee) Field Battery, RCA' on 24 June 1942;23 and '47th Anti-Tank Battery (Self-Propelled), RCA' on 1 April 1946.24 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with the '22nd Medium Battery, RCA', as above.

Notes :
Upon redesignation as The Frontenac Regiment on 12 March 1920 (see above) it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (146th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Frontenac Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 June 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 133/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Frontenac Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of conversion to artillery on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 212/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the unit.

Perpetuations

'2nd Heavy Battery, CGA, CEF'; and '146th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Cobourg, Ontario

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

North West Rebellion

The 47th "Frontenac" Battalion of Infantry mobilized one company for active service on 10 April 1885.25 The company served with the 'Midland Battalion' in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force.26 The company was removed from active service on 24 July 1885.27

The First World War

The Cobourg Heavy Battery was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 and served in Lévis, Quebec, and Vancouver, British Columbia, providing coastal artillery support in the fall of 1914.28

The 2nd Heavy Battery, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '2nd Heavy Battery, CGA, CEF',29 embarked for Britain on 15 June 1915.30 The battery disembarked in France on 16 September 1915, where it provided heavy artillery support as part of the 2nd Brigade, CGA, CEF in France and Flanders until the end of the war.31 The battery was disbanded on 23 October 1920.32

The 146th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '146th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',33 embarked for Britain on 25 September 1916.34 Its personnel were absorbed by the '95th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF' on 7 October 1916 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.35 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.36

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1. GO 114/46.

2. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No 670/60.

3. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 678/60.

4. SD 1 Letter No. 64/63; and/et Letter, HQ Central Command to D Org, 11 May 65, file ref: CC 2001-3/1-23/2 (G).

5. MGO of 1 May 1866.

6. No authority for a change of designation of artillery batteries in 1892 is contained within the applicable Militia General Orders or Annual Militia Report sessional papers. However, the date of 1 January 1893 is consistent with the nomenclature used in the aforementioned sources of 1893 and the Department of Militia and Defence, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94). Department of Militia and Defence, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94) / Les Ordres Généraux de la Milice ou les textes de séances du rapport Annuel de la Milice, ne comportent aucune autorité quant au changement d'appellation des batteries d'artillerie en 1892. La date du 1er janvier 1893 correspond toutefois à la nomenclature utilisée dans les sources de 1893 mentionnées précédemment ainsi que par le Ministère de la Milice et de la défense, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94).

7. GO 58/95.

8. GO 34/13.

9. GO 13/20.

10. GO 82/25.

11. GO 58/35.

12. GO 23/39.

13. GO 273/40.

14. GO 116/46.

15. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No 414/54.

16. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No 670/60.

17. MGO of 30 November 1866. Formed from six existing independent infantry and rifle companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company, (1st Rifle Company)' at Storrington "Milburn" on 31 January 1862, 'No. 2 Company, (2nd Rifle Company)' at Storrington "Inverary" on 31 January 1862, 'No. 3 Company' at Elginburgh on 8 June 1866, 'No. 4 Company' at Portsmouth on 23 March 1866, 'No. 5 Company' at Garden Island on 16 January 1863, and 'No. 6 Company' at Wolfe Island on 8 June 1866 / Formé de six compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie et de voltigeurs autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company, (« 1st Rifle Company ») à Storrington "Milburn" le 31 janvier 1862, « No. 2 Company, (« 2nd Rifle Company ») à Storrington "Inverary" le 31 janvier 1862, « No. 3 Company » à Elginburgh le 8 juin 1866, « No. 4 Company » à Portsmouth le 23 mars 1866, « No. 5 Company » à Garden Island le 16 janvier 1863, et « No. 6 Company » à Wolfe Island le 8 juin 1866.

18. MO 105/1900.

19. MO 59/20.

20. GO 212/36. On 14 December 1936 'A Company' of the regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization and amalgamated with The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment the next day (GO 201/36). The new battery was formed from "Headquarters and "B Company' of the regiment and allocated to the 9th Field Brigade, RCA (216/36). 'C' and 'D' Companies remained disbanded, see note above under the 47th Anti-Tank Battery (Self-Propelled) / Le 14 décembre 1936, la « A Company » du régiment fut dissoute afin d'être réorganisée et incorporée au sein du « The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment » le lendemain (GO 201/36). La nouvelle batterie fut formée du « Headquarters » et de la « B Company » du régiment et allouée au « 9th Field Brigade, RCA » (216/36). Les compagnies 'C' et 'D' demeurèrent dissoutes, voir la note ci-dessus sous « 47th Anti-Tank Battery (Self-Propelled) ».

21. GO 3/38. Although this order does not detail the "(Napanee)" secondary title, this is considered an administrative error. GO 285/42, which redesignates the unit, clearly shows secondary title in the previous designation. / Bien que cet ordre ne spécifie pas le second titre de « (Napanee) », ceci est considéré une erreur administrative. La GO 285/42 qui rebaptise l'unité, contient ce second titre pour la désignation précédente.

22. GO 273/40.

23. GO 285/42.

24. GO 115/46.

25. MGO No. 3 of 10 April 1885.

26. General Sir Frederick Middleton, Suppression of the Rebellion in the North West Territories of Canada 1885, (Toronto, 1948), p. 42.

27. MGO No. 16 of 24 July 1885.

28. GO 142/14; and/et G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), pp. 192-193.

29. GO 36/15.

30. CEF Sailing List, vol. XII.

31. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 2nd Heavy Battery, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 2; G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), passim; and/et 2nd C.H.B. Old Boys' Association, The 2nd Can. Heavy Battery in the World War, 1914 to 1919, (Montréal, 1932), passim .

32. GO 191/20.

33. GO 151/15.

34. CEF Sailing List, vol. VIII.

35. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 146th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 146.

36. GO 82/18.

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