Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries
37TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT, RCA
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This Reserve Force regiment originated in Montréal, Quebec on 9 May 1905 when the '6th Brigade of Field Artillery, CA' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '2nd Brigade, CFA' on 2 February 1920;2 '2nd Field Brigade, CA' on 1 July 1925;3 '2nd Field Brigade, RCA' on 3 June 1935;4 '2nd (Reserve) Field Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940;5 '2nd (Reserve) Field Regiment, RCA' on 15 December 1943;6 '37th Field Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946;7 and '37th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960.8 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 26 February 1965.9
'2nd Brigade, CFA, CEF'
The 2nd Brigade, CFA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 April 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 9/22). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the brigade.
The 2nd Brigade, CFA was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 186/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The First World War
The 2nd Brigade, which was authorized on 6 August 1914 as the '2nd Field Artillery Brigade, CFA, CEF',10 embarked for Britain on 26 September 1914.11 It disembarked in France on 12 and 13 February 1915,12 where it provided field artillery support as part of the 1st Canadian Divisional Artillery in France and Flanders until the end of the war.13 The brigade was disbanded on 23 October 1920.14
1. Special GO of 9 May 1905. Formed from one existing field and one newly organized field batteries authorized on the following dates: '3rd "Montreal" Field Battery' (27 September 1855), and the newly formed '21st Field Battery' / Formé d'une batterie existante de campagne et d'une nouvellement autorisée selon les dates suivantes : « 3rd Montreal Field Battery » (27 septembre 1855) et la « 21st Field Battery », nouvellement formée.
2. GO 13/20.
3. GO 82/25.
4. GO 58/35.
5. GO 273/40.
6. GO 29/44.
7. GO 116/46.
8. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 670/60.
9. SD 1 Letter No. 64/65; and/et Message, QUECOM, G 3564, 221800Z Sep 65.
10. PC 2067, 6 August 1914; and/et Memorandum entitled Preliminary Instructions for Mobn. War 1914, BGen V.A.S. Williams, Adjutant-General, Canadian Militia to O.Cs. Divisions and Districts, 10 August 1914, reprinted in Colonel A.F. Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919 , vol. 1 - Appendices (Ottawa, 1938), pp. 37-39.
11. Ibid., pp. 110 and/et 114.
12. Ibid., p. 855.
13. G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), passim.
14. GO 191/20. Although this formation is not specifically listed, this is considered the official disbandment date as it is the General Order in which the batteries and ammunition column of the brigade were disbanded / Même si cette formation n'est pas spécifiquement listée, l'on considéré cette date comme étant celle de sa dissolution officiel puisqu'elle correspond à l'ordre général ordonnant la dissolution des batteries et de la colonne des munitions de la formation.
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