Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries
39TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT (SELF-PROPELLED), RCA
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This Reserve Force regiment originated on 15 June 1914 and incorporates the following regiments and operations room.
The 39th Field Artillery Regiment (Self-Propelled), RCA originated in Winnipeg, Manitoba on 15 June 1914, when the '14th Brigade, CFA' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '5th Brigade, CFA' on 2 February 1920;2 '5th Field Brigade, CA' on 1 July 1925;3 '5th Field Brigade, RCA' on 3 June 1935;4 '5th (Reserve) Field Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940;5 '5th (Reserve) Field Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1943;6 '39th Field Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946;7 and '39th Field Regiment (Self Propelled), RCA' on 19 June 1947.8 On 31 December 1954, it was amalgamated with the '52nd Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' (see below) and the '6th Anti- Aircraft Operations Room, (Mobile), RCA' (see below), retaining the same designation.9 It was redesignated the '39th Field Artillery Regiment (Self-Propelled), RCA' on 12 April 1960.10 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 31 January 1965.11
The 5th Brigade, CFA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 231/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the brigade.
The 5th Brigade, CFA was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 186/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The 52nd Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA originated in Flin Flon, Manitoba on 1 April 1946, when the '52nd Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA' was authorized to be formed.12 On 31 December 1954, it was amalgamated with the '39th Field Regiment (Self Propelled), RCA' and the '6th Anti-Aircraft Operations Room, (Mobile), RCA', as above.
The 6th Anti-Aircraft Operations Room, (Mobile), RCA originated in Winnipeg, Manitoba on 1 April 1946, when the 'No. 6 Anti-Aircraft Gun Operations Room, RCA' was authorized to be formed.13 It was redesignated the '6th Anti-Aircraft Operations Room, (Mobile), RCA' on 30 June 1951.14 On 31 December 1954, it was amalgamated with the '39th Field Regiment (Self Propelled), RCA' and the '52nd Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA', as above.
'5th Brigade, CFA, CEF'
The First World War
The 5th Brigade, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '5th Field Artillery Brigade, CFA, CEF',15 embarked for Britain on 9 August 1915.16 It disembarked in France on 19 January 1916,17 where it provided field artillery support as part of the 2nd Canadian Divisional Artillery in France and Flanders until the end of the war.18 The brigade was disbanded on 23 October 1920.19
1. GO 113/14. The brigade was authorized, without expense to the public before 1 April 1915 / La brigade fut autorisée, sans coût pour le public, avant le 1er avril 1915.
2. GO 13/20.
3. GO 82/25.
4. GO 58/35.
5. GO 273/40.
6. GO 176/43.
7. GO 116/46.
8. CAO 76-3, Supp Issue No. 43/47.
9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 432/55.
10. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 670/60.
11. SD 1 Letter No. 64/60; and/et Letter, HQ Western Command to D Org, 18 Oct 65, file ref: WC 2001-3/1 (G).
12. GO 114/46.
14. CAO 76-3, Supp Issue No. 240/51.
15. GO 36/15.
16. CEF Sailing List, vol. XII.
17. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 17th, 18th and/et 20th Battery, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 17, Folder/chemise 2.
18. G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), passim.
19. GO 191/20. Although this formation is not specifically listed, this is considered the official disbandment date as it is the General Order in which the batteries and ammunition column of the brigade were disbanded / Même si cette formation n'est pas spécifiquement listée, l'on considéré cette date comme étant celle de sa dissolution officiel puisqu'elle correspond à l'ordre général ordonnant la dissolution des batteries et de la colonne des munitions de la formation.
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