Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries

57TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT (2ND/10TH DRAGOONS), RCA

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LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 10 May 1872 and incorporates the following regiments.

?The 57th Field Artillery Regiment (2nd/10th Dragoons), RCA originated in Oak Ridges, Ontario on 10 May 1872, when the ?2nd Regiment of Cavalry' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated the '2nd Dragoons' on 1 January 1893.2 On 15 December 1936 it was amalgamated with the 10th Brant Dragoons (see below) and redesignated the '2nd/10th Dragoons'.3 It was redesignated the ?2nd/10th (Reserve) Dragoons' on 7 November 1940.4 On 1 April 1946, it was converted to artillery and redesignated the '57th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (2nd/10th Dragoons), RCA'.5 It was redesignated: '57th Light Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment (2nd/10th Dragoons), RCA' on 12 April 1960;6 and '57th Field Artillery Regiment (2nd/10th Dragoons), RCA' on 10 December 1962.7 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 1 April 1970.8

Notes :
The 2nd Dragoons were authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 185/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 2nd Dragoons were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 April 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 113/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 2nd Dragoons were disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 158/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 10th Brant Dragoons originated in Brantford, Ontario on 1 April 1909, when the '25th Brant Dragoons' were authorized to be formed.9 It was redesignated the '10th Brant Dragoons' on 15 March 1920.10 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with the '2nd Dragoons', as above.

Notes :
The 10th Brant Dragoons were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 230/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 10th Brant Dragoons were authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 185/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 10th Brant Dragoons were disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 158/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Headquarters Location

Niagara Falls, Ontario

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

Details from the 2nd Dragoons were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.11

The Second World War

The regiment mobilized the '2nd/10th Dragoons, CASF' for active service on 12 May 1942.12 On 3 September 1942, it was converted to infantry and redesignated '1st Battalion, 2nd/10th Dragoons, CASF'.13 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Atlantic Command.14 The battalion was disbanded on 10 November 1943.15

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1. MGO 12/72. Formed from seven existing independent cavalry troops authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Troop' (St. Catharines Troop of Cavalry, 27 September 1855), 'No. 2 Troop' at Oak Ridges (1st Troop, York Squadron of Volunteer Light Cavalry, 27 December 1855), 'No. 3 Troop' at Markham (2nd Troop, York Squadron of Volunteer Light Cavalry, 17 July 1856), 'No. 4 Troop'(Grimsby Troop of Cavalry, 11 December 1856), 'No. 5 Troop' (Burford Troop of Cavalry, 7 September 1866), 'No. 6 Troop' (Queenston Infantry Company (Mounted), 31 August 1866), ?No. 7 Troop' (Barrie Infantry Company (Mounted), 19 October 1866), and the newly authorized ?No. 8 Troop' at Welland / Formé de sept troupes indépendantes de cavalerie autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Troop » (« St. Catharines Troop of Cavalry », 27 septembre 1855), « No. 2 Troop » à Oak Ridges (« 1st Troop, York Squadron of Volunteer Light Cavalry », 27 décembre 1855), « No. 3 Troop » à Markham (« 2nd Troop, York Squadron of Volunteer Light Cavalry », 17 juillet 1856), « No. 4 Troop » (« Grimsby Troop of Cavalry », 11 décembre 1856), « No. 5 Troop » (« Burford Troop of Cavalry », 7 septembre 1866), « No. 6 Troop » (« Queenston Infantry Company (Mounted) », 31 août 1866), « No. 7 Troop » (« Barrie Infantry Company (Mounted) », 19 octobre 1866), et la « No. 8 Troop », nouvellement autorisée à Welland.

2. No authority for a change of designation of cavalry units in 1892 is contained within the applicable Militia General Orders or Annual Militia Report sessional papers. However, the date of 1 January 1893 is consistent with the nomenclature used in the aforementioned sources of 1893 and the Department of Militia and Defence, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94) / Les Ordres Généraux de la Milice ou les textes de séances du rapport Annuel de la Milice, ne comportent aucune autorité quant au changement d'appellation des unités de cavalerie en 1892. La date du 1er janvier 1893 correspond toutefois à la nomenclature utilisée dans les sources de 1893 mentionnées précédemment ainsi que par le Ministère de la Milice et de la défense, The Militia List of the Dominion of Canada, 1893. (GO 21/93 - Establishment Lists of the Active Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Financial Year 1893-94).

3. GO 158/36.

4. GO 273/40.

5. GO 115/46.

6. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 670/60.

7. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 740/63.

8. CFOO 70/16.

9. GO 48/09. 'C Squadron' from Burford of the 2nd Dragoons was transferred to this regiment upon formation (see endnote 1 (No. 5 Troop))/ « C Squadron » de Burford du « 2nd Dragoons » fut transféré à ce régiment à sa formation (voir note en bas de page 1 (« No 5 Troop »)).

10. GO 26/20.

11. GO 142/14.

12. GO 309/42.

13. GO 485/42.

14. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), p. 536.

15. GO 15/44.

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