Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Artillery Regiments and Batteries
8TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT, RCA
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This Reserve Force regiment originated on 1 April 1912 and incorporates the following regiment and artillery battery.
The 8th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA originated in Hamilton, Ontario on 1 April 1912, when the '13th Brigade, CFA' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '8th Brigade, CFA' on 2 February 1920;2 '8th Field Brigade, CA' on 1 July 1925;3 '8th Field Brigade, RCA' on 3 June 1935;4 '8th (Reserve) Field Brigade, RCA' on 7 November 1940;5 '8th (Reserve) Field Regiment, RCA' on 1 October 1942;6 '8th Medium Regiment, RCA' on 1 April 1946;7 and '8th Field Regiment, RCA' on 28 November 1946.8 On 1 October 1954, it was amalgamated with the '133rd Locating Battery, RCA' (see below), retaining the same designation.9 It was redesignated the '8th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA' on 12 April 1960.10 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 1 April 1970.11
The 133rd Locating Battery, RCA originated in Hamilton, Ontario on 23 August 1949, when the '133rd Locating Battery, RCA' was authorized to be formed.12 On 12 April 1960, it was amalgamated with the '8th Field Regiment, RCA', as above.
The 8th Brigade, CFA was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 231/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the brigade.
The 8th Brigade, CFA was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 November 1920 (GO 186/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
'8th Brigade, CFA, CEF'
The First World War
The 8th Brigade, which was authorized on 4 January 1916 as the '8th Brigade, CFA, CEF',13 embarked for Britain on 5 February 1916.14 It disembarked in France on 14 July 191615 where it provided field artillery support as part of the 3rd and 4th Canadian Divisional Artilleries in France and Flanders until the end of the war.16 It was redesignated the '8th Army Brigade, CFA, CEF' on 8 July 1917.17 The brigade was disbanded on 23 October 1920.18
No lineal connection with the '8th Howitzer Brigade, CEF' formed in England on 19 September 1916 and redesignated the '6th Howitzer Brigade, CEF' in October 1916.
1. GO 60/12. Formed from two newly authorized batteries designated the '32nd Battery' and the '33rd Battery' / Formé de deux batteries nouvellement autorisées, baptisées « 32nd Battery » et « 33rd Battery ».
2. GO 13/20.
3. GO 82/25.
4. GO 58/35.
5. GO 273/40.
6. GO 51/43.
7. GO 115/46.
8. GO 289/46.
9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 411/54.
10. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 670/60.
11. CFOO 70/16.
12. CAO 110-3, Supp Issue No. 142/49.
13. List of Canadian Artillery units during the First World War. Compiled from ledger of C.E.F. Units (Mr. Pye) for Col. Nicholson, Sep 63, Kardex file 112.3H1.005 (D4).
14. CEF Sailing List, vol XII.
15. The Story of the 40th Battery, CFA, CEF (Hamilton, 1972) pp. 15 and 112.
16. G.W.L. Nicholson, The Gunners of Canada. The History of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, 1534-1919, vol. 1 (Toronto, 1967), passim.
17. Canadian Artillery Association, Officers who served Overseas in the Great War with the Canadian Artillery, (Ottawa, 1922) p. 12.
18. GO 191/20. Although this formation is not specifically listed, this is considered the official disbandment date as it is the date in which all the batteries of the brigade were disbanded / Même si cette formation n'est pas spécifiquement listée, l'on considère cette date comme étant celle de sa dissolution officielle puisqu'elle correspond à celle de toutes les autres brigades d'artillerie.
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