Volume 3, Part 1: Armour, Artillery and Field Engineer Regiments - Engineer Regiments and Squadrons

2 COMBAT ENGINEER REGIMENT

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LINEAGE

This Regular Force regiment originated in Petawawa, Ontario on 17 June 1977, when '2 Combat Engineer Regiment' was authorized to be formed.1

Note:

2 Combat Engineer Regiment's date of origin is not traced to the formation date of the '1st Field Company, RCE' (see below) as lineage is traced from the formation of unit, not sub-unit, sized organizations, ie. regiments and battalions.

1 Field Engineer Squadron originated in Halifax, Nova Scotia on 1 April 1931, when the '1st Field Company, RCE' was authorized to be formed.3 It was redesignated: '1st Field Company (Mechanized), RCE' on 1 September 1936;4 '1st Field Company, RCE, CASF' on 1 September 1939;5 '23rd Field Company, RCE' on 1 March 1946;6 and '23rd Field Squadron, RCE' on 24 December 1947.7 The squadron was embodied in the Canadian Army Special Force and redesignated '23rd Independent Field Squadron, RCE' on 1 February 1952 (see below).8 It was redesignated: '23rd Field Squadron, RCE' on 16 May 1953;9 '1st Field Squadron, RCE' on 16 October 1953;10 '1 Field Squadron' on 30 April 1958;11 and '1 Field Engineer Squadron' on 21 May 1975.12 The squadron was reorganized as a regiment and designated '2 Combat Engineer Regiment' on 17 June 1977, as above.

Headquarters Location

Petawawa, Ontario

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The Second World War
The 1st Field Company (Mechanized) was placed on active service on 1 September 1939 under the designation '1st Field Company, RCE, CASF' (see above). It embarked for Britain in January 1940. In June 1940 it went to France as part of the Second British Expeditionary Force, reaching a point beyond Laval before being ordered back. It landed in Sicily on 9 July 1943 and in Italy on 3 September 1943 as part of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division. Early in 1945 the company moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North West Europe where it served until the end of the war. The company returned to Canada on 24 September 1945.13

United Nations Operations - Korea

The 23rd Independent Field Squadron served in theatre from April 1952 to March 1953 as part of the 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group, 1st Commonwealth Division.14


1. NDHQ Message, DMCO 58, 241930Z Jun 77 / Message du QGDN, DMCO 58, 241930Z juin 77; and/et CFOO 3.21.4, 12 Jan 78/OOFC 3.21.4, 12 jan 78.

2. MOO 95050, 24 Apr 95 / DMO 95050, 24 avril 95.

3. GO 45/31.

4. GO 108/36.

5. GO 135/39.

6. GO 138/46; GO 158/46; and/et CAO 110-2, Issue No. 44, 27 Oct 47.

7. CAO 76-2, Issue No. 55/48.

8. SD 1 Letter No. 4416, 11 Feb 52, Amdt #2, 17 Apr 52.

9. CAO 76-8, Part 'B' Supp Issue No. 340/53, CAO 76-8, Part 'B' Supp Issue No. 502/56.

10. CAO 76-2, Part 'B' Supp Issue No. 358/53.

11. CAO 76-2, Part 'B' Supp Issue No. 605/58. Officially, 'RCE' was to be dropped from the Regular Force unit titles because the squadrons no longer reported to an engineer commander, however, 'RCE' continued to be used unofficially."/ On cessa d'utiliser officiellement « RCE » dans les titres des unités de la Force régulière puisqu'elles n'étaient plus sous l'autorité d'un commandant ingénieur. Par contre, les escadrons continuèrent d'utiliser « RCE » de façon non-officielle - Lieutenant-Colonel K.J. Holmes, The History of the Canadian Military Engineers, Volume 3 (to 1971), p. 289, (Toronto: Military Engineering Institute of Canada, 1997).

12. DGOM Memorandum to C Prog, 1901-1774 TD 5115 (DGOM), 14 May 75; NDHQ Message DOE 255, 16 Jun 75; and/et CFOO 3.19, 15 May 76/OOFC 3.19, 15 mai 76.

13. Colonel A.J. Kerry and Major W.A. McDill, The History of the Corps of Royal Canadian Engineers, Volume 2 (1936 to 1945), (Ottawa: The Military Engineers Association of Canada, 1966), p. 691.

14. Lieutenant-Colonel K.J. Holmes, The History of the Canadian Military Engineers, Volume 3 (to 1971), (Toronto: Military Engineering Institute of Canada, 1997), pp. 229 to 239.

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