Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

48TH HIGHLANDERS OF CANADA

48th Highlanders of Canada Badge

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Colonel-in-Chief: Her Majesty The Queen

BADGE

Description

On a torteau the number 48 Argent above a scroll Azure edged and inscribed HIGHLANDERS in letters Argent, all encircled by a belt Azure edged buckled and inscribed DILEAS GU BRATH in letters Argent, overall in chief on a wreath Argent and Gules a falcon's head couped Argent.

Symbolism

The falcon's head is adopted from the crest of the Clan Davidson, the regiment's first commanding officer being Lieutenant-Colonel John Irvine Davidson, and the predominant colours of red and blue are from the Davidson tartan that the regiment wears. The number "48" and the word "HIGHLANDERS" are a form of the regimental title and "DILEAS GU BRATH" is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

DILEAS GU BRATH (Faithful forever)

MARCH

"The Highland Laddie"

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Royal Regiment of Scotland

BATTLE HONOURS

South African War

SOUTH AFRICA, 1899-1900.

The First World War

YPRES, 1915, '17; Gravenstafel; St. Julien; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Pozières; Thiepval; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; Arleux; Scarpe 1917, '18; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

LANDING IN SICILY; Valguarnera; Assoro; Agira; ADRANO; Regalbuto; SICILY, 1943; Landing at Reggio; Campobasso; Torella; San Leonardo; The Gully; Ortona; San Nicola-San Tommaso; CASSINO II; Gustav Line; LIRI VALLEY; Hitler Line; GOTHIC LINE; LAMONE CROSSING; Misano Ridge; RIMINI LINE; San Martino-San Lorenzo; Fosso Vecchio; ITALY, 1943-1945; Apeldoorn; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated in Toronto, Ontario on 16 October 1891, when the '48th Battalion "Highlanders"' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '48th Regiment "Highlanders"' on 8 May 1900;2 'The 48th Regiment (Highlanders)' on 15 May 1920;3 '48th Highlanders of Canada' on 1 August 1930;4 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, 48th Highlanders of Canada' on 7 November 1940;5 and '48th Highlanders of Canada' on 31 December 1945.6

Notes:

Upon redesignation as The 48th Regiment (Highlanders) on 15 May 1920 (see above), it was organized as a three battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (15th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (92nd Battalion, CEF) and 3rd Battalion (134th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle (GO 76/20). The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 48th Regiment (Highlanders) were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 March 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 133/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" Company (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 245/51; and SD 1 Letter No. 4237, 5 May 1951). "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the '1st Canadian Highland Battalion' for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (SD 1 Letter No. 4365, 12 November 1951). It was disbanded on 29 July 1953 ( CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53). "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed '2nd Canadian Highland Battalion' for service in Korea with the United Nations (SD 1 Letter No. 4452, 22 April 1952; and CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52). "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53).

Perpetuations

15th', '92nd' and '134th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

Toronto, Ontario

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

South African War

The regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents, mainly the '2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry'.7

The First World War

The 15th Battalion, which was authorized on 1 September 1914 as the '15th Battalion, CEF',8 embarked for Britain on 26 September 1914.9 It disembarked in France on 15 February 1915,10 where it fought as part of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.11 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.12

The 92nd Battalion, which was authorized on 30 July 1915 as the '92nd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF', 13 embarked for Britain on 20 May 1916.14 The battalion provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 24 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the '5th Reserve Battalion, CEF'. 15 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917. 16

The 134th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '134th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',17 embarked for Britain on 8 August 1916.18 The battalion provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 7 March 1918, when its personnel were absorbed by the '12th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.19 The battalion was disbanded on 29 November 1918. 20

The Second World War

The regiment mobilized the '48th Highlanders of Canada, CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.21 It was redesignated the '1st Battalion, 48th Highlanders of Canada, CASF' on 7 November 1940.22 It embarked for Britain on 16 December 1939, and on 13 June 1940 it went to France as part of the Second British Expeditionary Force, reaching Sablé-sur-Sarthe before being ordered back.23 It landed in Sicily on 10 July 1943 and in Italy on 3 September 1943 as part of the 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division.24 In March 1945, the regiment moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war.25 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 31 December 1945.26

On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations, under the designation '3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion (48th Highlanders of Canada), CASF'.27 The battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1945.28

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REGIMENTAL COLOUR

48th Highlanders of Canada

CAMP FLAG

48th Highlanders of Canada


1. MGO 19/91; and/et MGO 20/91. Formed from eight newly authorized infantry companies / Formé de huit compagnies d'infanterie nouvellement autorisées.

2. MO 105/1900.

3. GO 76/20.

4. GO 99/30.

5. GO 42/41.

6. GO 400/45; and/et GO 85/46.

7. GO 60/33.

8. Valcartier Camp Order No. 215; and/et Valcartier Camp Order No. 241 - "Organization Expeditionary Force", 3 September 1914/3 septembre 1914, reprinted in/imprimé à nouveau dans Colonel A.F. Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919, vol. 1 - Appendices (Ottawa, 1938), pp. 54-55.

9. Kim Beattie, 48th Highlanders of Canada, 1891-1928, (Toronto, 1932), p. 23.

10. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 15th Canadian Infantry Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG 9/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4923, File/dossier 389.

11. Kim Beattie, 48th Highlanders of Canada, 1891-1928, (Toronto, 1932), passim.

12. GO 149/20.

13. GO 103a/15.

14. CEF Sailing List, vol. V. The unit also sent a reinforcing draft overseas on 27 November 1915 / L'unité envoya également un contingent de renforts outre-mer le 27 novembre 1915.

15. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 92nd Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 92.

16. GO 82/18.

17. GO 151/15.

18. CEF Sailing List, vol. VII.

19. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 134th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 134.

20. GO 135/18.

21. GO 135/39.

22. GO 42/41.

23. Kim Beattie, DILEAS, History of The 48th Highlanders of Canada 1929-1956, (Toronto, 1957), pp. 71-81, 120-129; and/et Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-66) 48th Highlanders of Canada, Box/boîte 38, Folder/chemise 11.

24. Lieutenant-Colonel G.W.L. Nicholson, The Canadians in Italy, 1943-45, (Ottawa, 1957), passim.

25. Kim Beattie, DILEAS, History of The 48th Highlanders of Canada 1929-1956, (Toronto, 1957), pp. 739-759.

26. GO 85/46.

27. GO 241/45.The Canadian units formed for the Pacific theatre of operations were organized and equipped the same as the American army. The unit was part of the '1st Canadian Infantry Regiment' / Les unités canadiennes du théâtre des opérations du Pacifique furent organisées et équipées de la même façon que l'Armée américaine. Le bataillon servit en tant que composante du « 1st Canadian Infantry Regiment ».

28. GO 425/45.

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