Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

THE ALGONQUIN REGIMENT

The Algonquin Regiment Badge

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BADGE

Description

Azure a bull moose's head and neck Or attired proper issuant from the sinister flank, in base the Motto in letters Or, all within an annulus Gules edged and inscribed THE ALGONQUIN REGIMENT in letters Or, ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and flanked on each side by maples leaves Or issuant from a scroll Gules edged and inscribed CANADA in letters Or.

Symbolism

The maple leaves and the word "CANADA" represent service to Canada, and the Crown, service to the Sovereign. The bull moose is a symbol of the region in which the regiment was raised. "THE ALGONQUIN REGIMENT" is the regimental title and "NE-KAH-NE-TAH" is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

NE-KAH-NE-TAH (Let us lead)

MARCH

"We Lead, Others Follow"

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Rifles

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BATTLE HONOURS

The First World War

YPRES, 1915, '17; FESTUBERT, 1915; ARRAS, 1917; HILL 70; SOMME, 1918; St. Quentin; Bapaume, 1918; HINDENBURG LINE; Epéhy; St. Quentin Canal; Beaurevoir; Cambrai, 1918; FRANCE AND FLANDERS 1915, 1917-18.

The Second World War

FALAISE; Falaise Road; The Laison; Chambois; The Seine, 1944; Moerkerke; THE SCHELDT; Breskens Pocket; The Lower Maas; THE RHINELAND; The Hochwald; Veen; Küsten Canal; Bad Zwischenahn; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Forces regiment originated on 1 July 1900 and incorporates the following regiments.

The Algonquin Regiment originated in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario on 1 July 1900, when the '97th Regiment of Rifles' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '97th Regiment "Algonquin Rifles"' on 1 June 1903;2 'The Algonquin Rifles' on 1 May 1920;3 and 'The Algonquin Regiment' on 15 February 1929.4 On 15 December 1936, "B", "C" and "D" Companies of the regiment were amalgamated with 'The Northern Pioneers' (see below), retaining the same regimental designation.5 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Algonquin Regiment' on 7 November 1940;6 and 'The Algonquin Regiment' on 15 February 1946.7 The regiment was converted to armour and redesignated: 'The Algonquin Regiment (26th Armoured Regiment)' on 1 October 1954;8 and 'The Algonquin Regiment (RCAC)' on 19 May 1958.9 On 19 March 1965, it was converted to infantry and redesignated 'The Algonquin Regiment'.10

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Algonquin Rifles on 1 May 1920 (see above), it was organized as a three battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (159th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (228th Battalion, CEF) and 3rd Battalion (256th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Algonquin Rifles were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 June 1922 and reorganized the same day(GO 120/22). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Algonquin Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization and amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 189/36).This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 15 December 1936, 'The Sault Ste. Marie Regiment' was amalgamated with the 'Headquarters' and 'A Company' of 'The Algonquin Regiment' and redesignated 'The Sault Ste. Marie and Sudbury Regiment (MG)', now the '49th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA' (GO 189/36).

On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies, designated "E" and "F" (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 245/51 and SD 1 Letter No. 4237, 5 May 1951). "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being absorbed into the '1st Canadian Infantry Battalion' for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (SD 1 Letter No. 4365, 12 November 1951). It was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53). "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed '2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion' for service in Korea with the United Nations (SD 1 Letter No. 4452, 22 April 1952 and CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52). "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53).

The Northern Pioneers originated in Parry Sound, Ontario on 1 September 1903, when the '23rd Regiment "The Northern Fusiliers"' was authorized to be formed.11 It was redesignated: '23rd Regiment "The Northern Pioneers"' on 1 January 1904;12 and 'The Northern Pioneers' on 1 May 1920.13 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Algonquin Regiment', as above.

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Northern Pioneers on 1 May 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (162nd Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (122nd Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Northern Pioneers were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 February 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 118/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Northern Pioneers were disbanded for the purpose reorganization and amalgamation on 14 December 1936 (GO 189/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

'122nd', '159th', '162nd', '228th' and '256th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

North Bay, Ontario

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

Details of the 23rd Regiment "The Northern Pioneers" were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.14

The 122nd Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '122nd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',15embarked for Britain on 2 June 1917.16 Its personnel were absorbed by the 'Canadian Forestry Depot, CEF' on 10 June 1917 to provide reinforcements.17 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.18

The 159th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '159th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',19 embarked for Britain on 31 October 1916.20 Its personnel were absorbed by the '8th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 20 January 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.21 The battalion was disbanded on 27 July 1917.22

The 162nd Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '162nd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',23 embarked for Britain on 31 October 1916.24 Its personnel were absorbed by the '3rd Reserve Battalion, CEF' and the '4th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 4 January 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.25 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.26

The 228th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '228th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',27 embarked for Britain on 16 February 1917.28 It was redesignated '6th Battalion, Canadian Railway Troops, CEF' on 8 March 1917.29 The battalion landed in France on 3 April 1917,30 where it provided railway construction support on the British Western Front until the end of the war.31 The battalion was disbanded on 23 October 1920.32

The 256th Battalion, which was authorized on 1 May 1917 as the '256th "Overseas" Railway Construction Battalion, CEF',33 embarked for Britain on 28 March 1917.34 It was redesignated '10th Battalion, Canadian Railway Troops, CEF' on 30 May 1917.35 It disembarked in France 19 June 1917,36 where it provided railway construction support on the British Western Front until the end of the war.37 The battalion was disbanded on 23 October 1920.38

The Second World War

The regiment mobilized 'The Algonquin Regiment, CASF' for active service on 24 May 1940.39 It was redesignated '1st Battalion, The Algonquin Regiment, CASF' on 7 November 1940.40 The regiment served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 20th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Division and in Newfoundland from 7 February 1942 to 6 February 1943.41 It embarked for Britain on 11 June 1943 and landed in France on 25 July 1944, as part of the 10th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Armoured Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war.42 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 February 1946.43

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REGIMENTAL COLOUR

Algonquin Regiment

CAMP FLAG

Algonquin Regiment


1. MO 167/1900; and/et GO 85/00. Authorized in Regimental Establishments 1900-1901 / Autorisé dans Les Établissements régimentaire 1900-1901. Formed from one detached rifle company, two independent companies and one new company authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (No. 6 Company, 96th "District of Algoma" Battalion of Rifles - Volunteer Infantry Company at Sault Ste. Marie Rifle, 27 January 1865); 'No. 2 Company' (Sudbury Rifle Company, 24 August 1896); 'No. 3 Company' (Thessalon Rifle Company, 1 July 1899); and 'No. 4 Company' at Sturgeon Falls / Formé d'une compagnie de voltigeurs détachés, deux compagnies indépendantes et une nouvelle compagnie, autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (No. 6 Company, 96th "District of Algoma" Battalion of Rifles - Volunteer Infantry Company at Sault Ste. Marie », 27 janvier 1865); « No. 2 Company » (Sudbury Rifle Company, 24 août 1896); « No. 3 Company » (Thessalon Rifle Company, 1er juillet 1899); et « No. 4 Company » à Sturgeon Falls.

2. GO 93/03.

3. GO 66/20.

4. GO 18/29.

5. GO 189/36. 'Headquarters' and 'A Company' of the regiment were amalgamated with 'The Sault Ste. Marie Regiment' (now the 49th (Sault Ste. Marie) Field Artillery Regiment RCA) under the same general order / Le « Headquarters » et « A Company » du régiment furent fusionnes avec le « The Sault Ste. Marie Regiment » (aujourd'hui, le « 49e Régiment d'artillerie de campagne, ARC » sous la même Ordre général.

6. GO 42/41.

7. GO 111/46.

8. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 414/54; and/et CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 424/55.

9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 602/58.

10. SD 1 Letter No. 64/62; and/et Message, CENCOM to CANFORCEHED, 012015Z Nov 65.

11. GO 141/03.

12. GO 11/04.

13. GO 66/20.

14. GO 142/14.

15. GO 151/15.

16. CEF Sailing List, vol. VII. The unit also sent two reinforcing drafts overseas on 21 May 1917 / L'unité envoya également deux contingents de renforts outre-mer le 21 mai 1917.

17. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 162nd Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 162.

18. GO 82/18.

19. GO 151/15.

20. CEF Sailing List, vol. VIII.

21. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 122nd Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 122.

22. GO 89/17.

23. GO 151/15.

24. CEF Sailing List, vol. VIII.

25. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 162nd Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/sériesIV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 162.

26. GO 149/20.

27. GO 69/16.

28. CEF Sailing List, vol. X.

29. PCO 2331 of 5 September 1918; and/et Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 228th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 228.

30. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 6th Battalion, Canadian Railway Troops, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 5013, File/dossier 737.

31. David W. Lore, A Call to Arms: The Organization and Administration of Canada's Military in World War One, (Winnipeg and Calgary, 1999), pp. 250-253.

32. GO 196/20.

33. GO 48/17.

34. CEF Sailing List, vol. XI. The unit also sent a reinforcing draft overseas on 18 April 1917 / L'unité envoya également un contingent de renforts outre-mer le 18 avril 1917

35. CRO 1561/17.

36. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 10th Battalion, Canadian Railway Troops, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 5014, File/dossier 741.

37. David W. Lore, A Call to Arms: The Organization and Administration of Canada's Military in World War One, (Winnipeg and Calgary, 1999), pp. 250-253.

38. GO 196/20.

39. GO 184/40; and/et GO 50/41.

40. GO 42/41.

41. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), p. 537; and/et Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of Regiments - 97th Regiment (Algonquin Regiment), Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries V, Box/boîte 16, Folder/chemise 97.

42. Ibid.

43. GO 111/46.

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