Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

THE CANADIAN GRENADIER GUARDS

The Canadian Grenadier Guards Badge

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Colonel-in-Chief: Her Majesty The Queen

BADGE

Description

On a grenade enflamed of seventeen points, two monograms of the letters ER respectant, ensigned by the Royal Crown and above the word CANADA, all Or.

Symbolism

The crown and cypher customarily change with each succeeding monarch and they represent service to the Sovereign. The grenade, named for its similarity to a pomegranate, was a small bomb composed simply of a hollow iron ball filled with explosive and detonated with a simple fuse. It gave rise to a type of infantryman called a Grenadier who was specially trained and equipped for throwing grenades.

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MOTTO

NULLI SECUNDUS (Second to none)

MARCHES

Quick March

"British Grenadiers"

Slow March

"Grenadiers Slow March" (also played in quick time when entering camp or barracks)

ALLIANCE

British Army

Grenadier Guards

BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; CHÂTEAUGUAY

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

South African War

SOUTH AFRICA, 1899-1900.

The First World War

YPRES, 1915,'17; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Ancre Heights; Ancre, 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; VALENCIENNES; SAMBRE; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

FALAISE; Falaise Road; The Laison; Chambois; THE SCHELDT; The Lower Maas; THE RHINELAND; The Hochwald; Veen; Twente Canal; Bad Zwischenahn; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 17 November 1859 and incorporates the following regiments.

The Canadian Grenadier Guards originated in Montreal, Quebec on 17 November 1859, when the 'First Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated 'The First (or Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Volunteer Rifles of Canadian Militia' on 7 September 1860.2 On 2 May 1898, it was amalgamated with the '6th Battalion "Fusiliers"' (see below) and redesignated the '1st Battalion "Prince of Wales' Regiment Fusiliers"'.3 It was redesignated: '1st Regiment "Prince of Wales' Fusiliers"' on 8 May 1900;4 '1st Regiment Canadian Grenadier Guards' on 29 December 1911;5 'The Canadian Grenadier Guards' on 29 March 1920;6 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Canadian Grenadier Guards' on 7 November 1941;7 'The Canadian Grenadier Guards' on 15 February 1946;8 'The Canadian Grenadier Guards (6th Battalion, The Canadian Guards)' on 1 September 1954;9 and 'The Canadian Grenadier Guards' on 1 August 1976.10

Notes:
The 1st Regiment "Prince of Wales' Fusiliers were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 February 1911 (GO 18/11) and reorganized on 29 December 1911 (GO 39/12). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Upon redesignation as The Canadian Grenadier Guards on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (87th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (245th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Canadian Grenadier Guards were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 6th Battalion "Fusiliers" originated in Montréal, Quebec on 31 January 1862, when the '6th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles, Canada' was authorized to be formed.11 It was redesignated: 'Sixth Battalion Volunteer Militia, Canada, or "Hochelaga Light Infantry"' on 5 June 1863;12 '6th Battalion "Hochelaga Fusiliers"' on 3 December 1875;13 and '6th Battalion "Fusiliers"' on 28 January 1876.14 On 2 May 1898, it was amalgamated with 'The First (or Prince of Wales's) Regiment of Volunteer Rifles of Canadian Militia', as above.

Perpetuations

‘1st Militia Light Infantry Battalion’, ‘2nd Battalion, Select Embodied Militia’, ‘Corps of Canadian Voyageurs’, ‘Montreal Incorporated Volunteers’, ‘Montreal Militia Battalion’, ‘Provincial Commissariat Voyageurs’, ‘1st Battalion (City of Montreal) “British Militia” (1812-15)’,'87th' and '245th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

Montreal, Quebec

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The Fenian Raids

The First Regiment of Volunteer Rifles of Canadian Militia was called out on active service on 8 March 1866. The battalion, which served on the South-eastern frontier, was removed from active service on 31 March 1866.15

The Sixth Battalion Volunteer Militia, Canada was called out on active service from 8 to 31 March and from 1 to 22 June 1866. The battalion served on the South-eastern frontier.16

The First Regiment of Volunteer Rifles of Canadian Militia was called out on active service on 24 May 1870. The battalion, which served on the South-eastern frontier, was removed from active service on 31 May 1870.17

The Sixth Battalion Volunteer Militia, Canada was called out on active service on 24 May 1870. The battalion, which served on the South-eastern frontier, was removed from active service on 31 May 1870.18

South African War

The regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents during the South African War. 19

The First World War

Details of the regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.20

The 87th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '87th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',21 embarked for Britain on 23 April 1916.22 It disembarked in France on 12 August 1916, where it fought as part of the 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.23 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.24

The 245th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '245th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',25 embarked for Britain on 3 May 1917.26 It was absorbed by the '23rd Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 14 May 1917 to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field.27 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.28

The Second World War

The regiment mobilized 'The Canadian Grenadier Guards, CASF' for active service on 24 May 1940.29 It was redesignated the '1st Battalion, The Canadian Grenadier Guards, CASF' on 7 November 1940.30 It was converted to armour and redesignated: '22nd Armoured Regiment (The Canadian Grenadier Guards), CAC, CASF' on 26 January 1942;31 and '22nd Armoured Regiment (The Canadian Grenadier Guards), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.32 It embarked for Britain on 25 September 1942.33 On 26 July 1944, it landed in France as a unit of the 4th Armoured Brigade, 4th Canadian Armoured Division, and it continued to fight in North West Europe until the end of the war.34 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 15 February 1946.35

On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations under the designation '22nd Canadian Tank Battalion (The Canadian Grenadier Guards), CAC, CASF'.36 It was redesignated '22nd Canadian Tank Battalion (The Canadian Grenadier Guards), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.37 The battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1945.38

REGIMENTAL COLOUR

The Canadian Grenadier Guards

Note:
Each company of the regiment have their own Company Badge which is borne in rotation in the centre of the Regimental Colour.

CAMP FLAG

The Canadian Grenadier Guards


1. MGO 17 Nov 59. Formed from nine independent rifle companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (First Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 31 August 1855); 'No. 2 Company' (2d Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 27 September 1855); 'No. 3 Company' (3rd Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 2 May 1856); 'No. 4 Company' (4th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 2 May 1856); 'No. 5 Company' (The 5th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 26 June 1856); 'No. 6 Company' (The 6th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 17 July 1856); 'No. 7 Company' (The 7th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 17 July 1856); 'No. 8 Company' (The 8th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 30 October 1856); and 'No. 9 Company' (The 9th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 2 April 1857) / Formé de neuf compagnies indépendantes de voltigeurs autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (First Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 31 août 1855); « No. 2 Company » (2d Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 27 septembre 1855); « No. 3 Company » (3rd Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 2 mai 1856); « No. 4 Company » (4th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 2 mai 1856); « No. 5 Company » (The 5th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 26 juin 1856); « No. 6 Company » (The 6th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 17 juillet 1856); « No. 7 Company » (The 7th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 17 juillet 1856); « No. 8 Company » (The 8th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 30 octobre 1856); et « No. 9 Company » (The 9th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 2 avril 1857).

2. MGO 7 Sep 60.

3. MGO 42/98; and/et MGO 43/98.

4. MO 105/1900.

5. GO 39/12; GO 74/12; and/et GO 44/14. The designation '1st Regiment The Grenadier Guards of Canada', which was authorized in GO 74/12, was cancelled by GO 44/14 as it had been granted without the approval of His Majesty The King. GO 44/14 adverts to GO 39/12 approving the new title '1st Regiment Canadian Grenadier Guards' with effect from 29 December 1911 / La désignation « 1st Regiment The Grenadier Guards of Canada » qui fut autorisée par le GO 74/12, fut annulée par le GO 44/14 et fut attribué sans avoir reçu l'approbation de Sa Majesté le Roi. Le GO 44/14, qui fait référence au GO 39/12 approuve le nouveau titre de « 1st Regiment Canadian Grenadier Guards » entrant en vigueur partir de 29 décembre 1911.

6. MO 95/20.

7. GO 42/41.

8. GO 400/45; and/et GO 111/46.

9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No 420/55.

10. Message, NDHQ DOE 342, 141700Z JUL 76.

11. MGO 31 Jan 62. Formed from four independent and two new rifle companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (The 1st Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 10 January 1862); 'No. 2 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal - Captain S. Filer, 17 January 1862); 'No. 3 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal - Captain C. Bimmore, 17 January 1862); 'No. 4 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company - Captain J.H. Isaacson, 17 January 1862); and the newly authorized 'No. 5 Company' and 'No. 6 Company' / Formé de quatre compagnies indépendantes, et de deux nouvelles compagnies de voltigeurs, autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (The 1st Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal, 10 janvier 1862); « No. 2 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal - capitaine S. Filer, 17 janvier 1862); « No. 3 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal - capitaine C. Bimmore, 17 janvier 1862); « No. 4 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal - capitaine J.H. Isaacson, 17 janvier 1862); et les « No. 5 Company » et « No. 6 Company » nouvellement autorisées.

12. MGO 5 Jun 63.

13. MGO 32/75.

14. MGO 2/76.

15. MGO 8 Mar 66; MGO 28 Mar 66; and/et Report of the State of the Militia of the Province of Canada, (Ottawa, 1866), p. 37.

16. MGO 8 Mar 66; MGO 28 Mar 66; and/et MGO 22 June 66. All but the two companies stationed at Isle aux Noix were relieved from duty on 31 March / Toutes les compagnies cantonnées à l'Isle-aux-Noix, à la exception de deux, furent relevées de leur devoir le 31 mars.

17. Adjutant General of the Militia Annual Report reprinted in Report of the State of the Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Year 1870 (Ottawa, 1871), p. 77.

18. Ibid.

19. GO 60/33.

20. GO 142/14.

21. GO 151/15.

22. CEF Sailing List, vol. V.

23. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 87th Canadian Infantry Battalion, LAC/BAC RG 9/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4944, File/dossier 455; and/et A. Fortescue Duguid, History of The Canadian Grenadier Guards, (Montreal, 1965), pp. 102-230.

24. GO 149/20.

25. GO 69/16.

26. CEF Sailing List, vol. XI.

27. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 245th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 245.

28. GO 82/18.

29. GO 184/40; and/et GO 50/41.

30. GO 42/41.

31. GO 132/42.

32. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.

33. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-5) The Canadian Grenadier Guards, Box/boîte 35, Folder/chemise 3.

34. A. Fortescue Duguid, History of The Canadian Grenadier Guards, (Montreal, 1965), pp. 256-354.

35. GO 111/46.

36. GO 241/45. The Canadian units formed for the Pacific theatre of operations were organized and equipped the same as the American army / Les unités canadiennes du théâtre des opérations du Pacifique furent organisées et équipées de la même façon que l'Armée américaine.

37. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.

38. GO 425/45.

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