Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments
THE CAMERON HIGHLANDERS OF OTTAWA
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Colonel-in-Chief: His Royal Highness The Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh KGKT OM GBE AC QSO GCL CD ADC
The figure of St. Andrew proper holding his cross Argent and standing on a mount Vert set with a plaque Or inscribed ADVANCE in letters Sable, all within a wreath of thistles and autumn maple leaves proper issuant from two scrolls Azure edged and inscribed THE CAMERON HIGHLANDERS and OF OTTAWA (M.G.) in letters Or.
The maple leaves represent service to Canada. The thistles (the national flower of Scotland) and the cross held by St. Andrew (the patron saint of Scotland) are common devices in badges of highland infantry. "THE CAMERON HIGHLANDERS OF OTTAWA (M.G.)" is the 1936-1959 regimental title, and "ADVANCE " is the motto of the regiment.
"The Piobaireachd of Donald Dhu" and "March of the Cameron Men"
The Royal Regiment of Scotland
South African War
SOUTH AFRICA, 1899-1900.
The First World War
MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Ancre Heights; Ancre, 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; YPRES, 1917; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; VALENCIENNES; SAMBRE; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1916-18.
The Second World War
NORMANDY LANDING; CAEN; Carpiquet; The Orne; BOURGUÉBUS RIDGE; Faubourg de Vaucelles; FALAISE; Quesnay Wood; The Laison; Boulogne, 1944; THE SCHELDT; Breskens Pocket; THE RHINELAND; Waal Flats; The Hochwald; THE RHINE; Zutphen; Deventer; Leer; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Ottawa, Ontario on 5 August 1881, when the '43rd Battalion of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '43rd "Ottawa and Carleton" Battalion of Rifles' on 19 August 1881;2 '43rd Regiment "Ottawa and Carleton Rifles"' on 8 May 1900;3 '43rd Regiment, Duke of Cornwall's Own Rifles' on 1 March 1902;4 'The Ottawa Regiment (The Duke of Cornwall's Own)' on 12 March 1920;5 'The Ottawa Highlanders' on 15 September 1922;6 and 'The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa' on 10 August 1933.7 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'B Company' of the '4th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC', and redesignated 'The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Machine Gun)'.8 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Machine Gun)' on 7 November 1940;9 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa' on 1 April 1942;10 'The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa' on 18 May 1946;11 'The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Machine Gun)' on 1 September 1954;12 and 'The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa' on 1 August 1959.13
No lineal connection with the '43rd "Carleton Battalion of Infantry"' of 1866 to 1875.
Upon redesignation as The Ottawa Regiment (The Duke of Cornwall's Own) on 12 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (38th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (207th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The Ottawa Regiment (The Duke of Cornwall's Own) was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 May 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 132/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa were disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 201/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
The perpetuation of the 4th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC (1919-1936) was assigned to The Prince of Wales Rangers (Peterborough Regiment) (Machine Gun) (now the '50th Field Artillery Regiment (The Prince of Wales Rangers), RCA)' (GO 76/37).
'38th' and '207th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
South African War
The regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents during the South African War.14
The First World War
Details of the 43rd Regiment, Duke of Cornwall's Own Rifles were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.15
The 38th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '38th Battalion, CEF',16 embarked for Bermuda for garrison duty on 8 August 1915.17 On 30 May 1916, the battalion embarked for Britain.18 It disembarked in France on 14 August 1916,19 where it fought as part of the 12th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.20 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.21
The 207th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '207th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',22 embarked for Britain on 2 June 1917.23 On 10 June 1917, its personnel were absorbed by the '7th Reserve Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps.24 The battalion was disbanded on 11 April 1918.25
The Second World War
The regiment mobilized the 'The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Machine Gun), CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.26 It was redesignated: '1st Battalion, The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Machine Gun), CASF' on 7 November 1940;27 '3rd Infantry Division Support Battalion (The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa), CIC, CASF' on 1 May 1943;28 and '1st Battalion, The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Machine Gun), CIC, CASF' on 24 February 1944.29 The unit embarked for garrison duty in Iceland with "Z" Force on 1 July 1940,30 and on 28 April 1941 it was transferred to Britain.31 On D-Day, 6 June 1944, it landed in Normandy, France as a part of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North West Europe until the end of the war.32 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 31 December 1945.33
The regiment subsequently mobilized the '3rd Battalion, The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Machine Gun), CIC, CAOF' on 1 June 1945 for active service with the Canadian Army Occupation Force in Germany.34 The battalion was disbanded on 18 May 1946.35
1. GO 19/81. Formed from two detached and four independent infantry and rifle companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (No. 5 Company, 56th Grenville Battalion "Lisgar Rifles" - The First Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Ottawa, 3 April 1856); 'No. 2 Company' (No. 4 Company, 42nd "Brockville Battalion of Infantry" - Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Fitzroy, 16 January 1863); 'No. 3 Company' (Infantry Company at Wakefield, 28 September 1866); 'No. 4 Company' (Infantry Company at Vernon, 14 December 1866); 'No. 5 Company' (Eardley Infantry Company, 3 June 1870); and 'No. 6 Company' (Aylwin Infantry Company, 24 November 1871) / Formé de deux compagnies détachés et quatre compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie et voltigeurs autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (No. 5 Company, 56th Grenville Battalion "Lisgar Rifles" - The First Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Ottawa, 3 April 1856); « No. 2 Company » (No. 4 Company, 42nd "Brockville Battalion of Infantry" - Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry of Fitzroy, 16 janvier 1866); « No. 3 Company » (Infantry Company at Wakefield, 28 septembre 1866); « No. 4 Company » (Infantry Company at Vernon, 14 décembre 1866); « No. 5 Company » (Eardley Infantry Company, 3 juin 1870); et « No. 6 Company » (Aylwin Infantry Company, 24 novembre 1871).
2. GO 20/81.
3. MO 105/1900.
4. MGO 35/02.
5. MO 59/20. It was converted to a highland regiment on 1 October 1920 (GO 156/20) / Il fut converti en un régiment highland le 1er octobre 1920 (GO 156/20).
6. GO 163/22.
7. GO 99/33.
8. GO 201/36.
9. GO 42/41.
10. GO 242/42.
11. GO 42/41; and/et GO 201/46.
12. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 414/54.
13. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 652/59.
14. GO 60/33.
15. GO 146/14.
16. GO 86/15.
17. CEF Sailing List, vol. II. The unit also sent two reinforcing drafts overseas on 29 May 1915 and 24 June 1915 / L'unité envoya également deux contingents de renforts outre-mer les 29 mai 1915 et 24 juin 1915.
18. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 38th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 11, Folder/chemise 38.
19. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 38th Infantry Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4938, File/dossier 432.
20. Ken Reynolds, Colonel Edwards' Army: The History of the 38th Battalion, CEF, 1914 to 1919 (unpublished manuscript), passim.
21. GO 149/20.
22. GO 69/16.
23. CEF Sailing List, vol. X.
24. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 207th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 207.
25. GO 82/18.
26. GO 135/39.
27. GO 42/41.
28. GO 21/44.
29. GO 222/44; and/et GO 42/41.
30. Kardex file 114.3T1075 (D3), Sailings - Personnel "Z" Force (Iceland) - 10 Jun/26 Jul 40.
31. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (M.G.), C.A.S.F., LAC/BAC, RG/GE 24, C3, Vol. 15, 022.
32. Colonel C.P. Stacey, The Victory Campaign: The Operations in North-West Europe 1944-1945, (Ottawa, 1966), passim.
33. GO 85/46.
34. GO 319/45.
35. GO 201/46.
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