Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

LES FUSILIERS DU ST-LAURENT

Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent Badge

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BADGE

Description

A grenade Or enflamed Gules charged with a tower proper within an annulus Azure edged, inscribed FUSILIERS DU ST-LAURENT and charged in base with a maple leaf Or.

Symbolism

The maple leaf represents service to Canada. The grenade alludes to the original role of fusiliers, who were soldiers specially trained to protect artillery gunners. The tower symbolizes the theme of the regimental motto. "FUSILIERS DU ST-LAURENT" is a form of the regimental title.

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MOTTO

J'Y SUIS EN GARDE (I am on guard)

MARCH

"Rêves canadiens"

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers

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BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; CHÂTEAUGUAY

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

The First World War

ARRAS, 1917

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 9 April 1869 and incorporates the following regiments.

Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent originated in Rivière du Loup, Quebec on 9 April 1869, when 'The Provisional Battalion of "Temiscouata"' was authorized to be formed.1 On 12 January 1883, it was amalgamated with 'The Provisional Battalion of "Rimouski"' (see below) and redesignated '89th "Témiscouata and Rimouski" Battalion of Infantry'.2 It was redesignated: '89th Temiscouata and Rimouski Regiment' on 8 May 1900;3 'Le Régiment Témiscouata and Rimouski' on 29 March 1920;4 'Les Fusiliers du St. Laurent' on 1 October 1920,5 'Fusiliers du St. Laurent' on 1 May 1922;6 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Fusiliers du St. Laurent' on 3 January 1942;7 and 'Fusiliers du St. Laurent' on 1 June 1945;8 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with 'Le Régiment de Montmagny' (see below) and redesignated 'Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent (5th Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment)'.9 It was redesignated: 'Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent (5e Bataillon, Royal 22e Régiment)' on 9 November 1963;10 and 'Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent' on 1 April 1968.11

Notes:
Upon redesignation as Le Régiment Témiscouata and Rimouski on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (189th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

Les Fusiliers du St Laurent were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 November 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 253/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Les Fusiliers du St Laurent were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 14 May 1937 and reorganized the next day (GO 107/37). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Provisional Battalion of Rimouski originated in Rimouski, Quebec on 9 April 1869, when the 'The Provisional Battalion of Rimouski' was authorized to be formed.12 On 12 January 1883, it was amalgamated with 'The Provisional Battalion of "Temiscouata"', as above.

Le Régiment de Montmagny originated in Montmagny, Quebec on 9 April 1869, when 'The Battalion of "Montmagny and l'Islet"' was authorized to be formed.13 It was redesignated: '61st Montmagny and l'Islet Battalion' on 5 November 1869;14 '61st Montmagny and l'Islet Regiment' on 8 May 1900;15 '61st Régiment de Montmagny' on 1 August 1902;16 'Le Régiment de Montmagny' on 29 March 1920;17 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de Montmagny' on 15 March 1942;18 and 'Le Régiment de Montmagny' on 1 June 1945.19 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with 'Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent', as above.

Notes:
Upon redesignation as Le Régiment de Montmagny and Rimouski on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

Le Régiment de Montmagny was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 February 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 118/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Le Régiment de Montmagny was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 31 December 1937 and reorganized the next day (GO 18/38). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

‘4th Battalion, Select Embodied Militia’, ‘2nd Militia Light Infantry Battalion’, ‘Canadian Chasseurs’, and '189th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Rimouski, Quebec

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

Details of the 89th Temiscouata and Rimouski Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.20

The 189th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '189th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',21 embarked for Britain on 27 September 1917.22 Its personnel were absorbed by the '69th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF' on 6 October 1916 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.23 The battalion was disbanded on 8 December 1917.24

The Second World War

Details of Les Fusiliers du St. Laurent were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'Fusiliers du St. Laurent, CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.25 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.26

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent, CASF' for active service on 3 January 1942.27 This unit served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Atlantic Command.28 On 8 January 1945, it embarked for Britain,29 where it was disbanded on 18 January 1945 to provide reinforcements to the Canadian army in the field. 30

A '3rd (Reserve) Battalion, Fusiliers du St. Laurent' was authorized to be formed at Gaspé, Quebec, on 15 December 1942, to provide coast watching and local defence.31 It was redesignated 'Le Régiment de Gaspé-Bonaventure' on 15 August 1944.32 The battalion was disbanded on 31 March 1946.33

Le Régiment de Montmagny mobilized the '1st Battalion, Le Régiment de Montmagny, CASF' for active service on 15 March 1942.34 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 15th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Division,35 and in Newfoundland from February 1944 to July 1944.36 On 20 July 1944, it embarked for Britain.37 The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1944 to provide reinforcement to the Canadian Army in the field.38

REGIMENTAL COLOUR

Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent

CAMP FLAG

Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent


1. MGO 9 Apr 69. Formé de quatre compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (One Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Fraserville, 26 décembre 1862); « No. 2 Company » (An Infantry Company at Trois-Pistoles, 18 décembre 1868); « No. 3 Company » (An Infantry Company at St. Georges de Cacouna, 8 janvier 1869); et « No. 4 Company » (An Infantry Company at St. Arsène, 2 avril 1869) / Formed from four independent infantry companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Fraserville, 26 December 1862); 'No. 2 Company' (An Infantry Company at Trois-Pistoles, 18 December 1868); 'No. 3 Company' (An Infantry Company at St. Georges de Cacouna, 8 January 1869); and 'No. 4 Company' (An Infantry Company at St. Arsène, 2 April 1869).

2. MGO 1/83.

3. MO 105/1900.

4. MO 96/20.

5. GO 159/20.

6. GO 79/22.

7. GO 75/42; et/and GO 42/41.

8. GO 264/45.

9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 420/55. Il s'agit d'une affiliation et non d'une fusion. Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent et le Royal 22e Régiment étaient des régiments séparés et distincts / This was an affiliation not an amalgamation. Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent and the Royal 22e Régiment were separate and distinct regiments /.

10. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 765/64.

11. CFOO/OOFC 68/11.

12. MGO 9 Apr 69. Formé de cinq compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Rimouski, 9 janvier 1863); « No. 2 Company » (An Infantry Company at St. Jérôme de Matane, 8 janvier 1869); « No. 3 Company » (An Infantry Company at L'Anse-au-Sable, 19 janvier 1869); « No. 4 Company » (An Infantry Company at Ste. Cécile-du-Bic, 19 janvier 1869); et « No. 5 Company » (An Infantry Company at St. Anaclet, 19 janvier 1869) / Formed from five independent infantry companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Rimouski, 9 January 1863); 'No. 2 Company' (An Infantry Company at St. Jérôme de Matane, 8 January 1869); 'No. 3 Company' (An Infantry Company at L'Anse-au-Sable, 19 January 1869); 'No. 4 Company' (An Infantry Company at Ste. Cécile-du-Bic, 19 January 1869); and 'No. 5 Company' (An Infantry Company at St. Anaclet, 19 January 1869).

13. MGO 9 Apr 69. Formé de cinq compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie et une nouvelle compagnie, autorisée selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (An Infantry Company at St. Thomas, 18 décembre 1868); « No. 2 Company » (An Infantry Company at St. Pierre, 18 décembre 1868); « No. 3 Company » (An Infantry Company at Cap St. Ignace, 8 janvier 1869); « No. 4 Company » (An Infantry Company at St. Jean Port Joli, 1er octobre 1868); « No. 5 Company » (An Infantry Company at L'Islet, 8 janvier 1869); et « No. 6 Company » la nouvellement autorisée. Le régiment porte le nom d'un ancien gouverneur du Canada, Charles Jacques Herault de Montmagny, qui assuma ses fonctions de 1636 à 1648 / Formed from five independent and one new infantry company authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (An Infantry Company at St. Thomas, 18 December 1868); 'No. 2 Company' (An Infantry Company at St. Pierre, 18 December 1868); 'No. 3 Company' (An Infantry Company at Cap St. Ignace, 8 January 1869); 'No. 4 Company' (An Infantry Company at St. Jean Port Joli, 1 October 1868); 'No. 5 Company' (An Infantry Company at L'Islet, 2 April 1869); and the newly authorized 'No. 6 Company'. The regiment bears the name of a former Governor of Canada, Charles Jacques Herault de Montmagny, who held that office from 1636 to 1648.

14. MGO 5 Nov 69.

15. MO 105/1900.

16. GO 84/02.

17. MO 96/20.

18. GO 164/42; et/and GO 42/41.

19. GO 264/45.

20. GO 142/14.

21. GO 69/16.

22. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 189th Battalion, Collection de documents/Document Collection 74/672, séries/Series IV, boîte/Box 12, chemise/Folder 189.

23. Ibid.

24. GO 82/18.

25. GO 124/39; et/and GO 135/39.

26. GO 44/41.

27. GO 75/42.

28. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Histoire officiel de la participation de l'Armée canadienne à la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Volume 1, Six Années de guerre (Ottawa, 1955), pp. 179-181 and/et 556;and/et François Dornier et Marie-Claude Joubert, Soldats de la côte... Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent: d'hier à aujourd'hui, (Rimouski, 1992), passim.

29. Collection de documents/Document Collection 92/252, (3-6-14) Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent, chemise/folder 35, dossier/file 13.

30. GO 114/45.

31. GO 32/43; GO 58/43; et/and Colonel C.P. Stacey, Histoire officiel de la participation de l'Armée canadienne à la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Volume 1, Six Années de guerre (Ottawa, 1955), pp. 179-181.

32. GO 402/44.

33. GO 113/46.

34. GO 164/42.

35. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Histoire officiel de la participation de l'Armée canadienne à la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Volume 1, Six Années de guerre (Ottawa, 1955), p. 557; et/and François Dornier et Marie-Claude Joubert, Soldats de la côte... Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent: d'hier à aujourd'hui, (Rimouski, 1992), passim.

36. Collection de documents/Document Collection 92/252, (3-6-42) Le Régiment de Montmagny, folder/chemise 37, dossier/file 6.

37. Ibid.

38. GO 122/45.

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