Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments
THE LOYAL EDMONTON REGIMENT (4TH BATTALION, PRINCESS PATRICIA'S CANADIAN LIGHT INFANTRY)
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On the sails of a windmill in saltire Sable between in chief a rose proper, in base the number 49 Or and in the flanks two autumnal maple leaves, a coyote's mask, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and resting on a scroll Sable inscribed THE LOYAL EDMONTON REGIMENT in letters Or.
The maple leaves symbolise service to Canada and the regiment's perpetuated units, the 51st and 63rd Battalions of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and the crown, service to the Sovereign. The number 49 represents the service of the perpetuated unit, the 49th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and the windmill sails allude to the battlefields in Flanders on which the battalion fought in the First World War. The coyote's head commemorates "Lestock", a prairie coyote presented to the regiment as a mascot prior to the 49th Battalion's departure for overseas service in 1915. The red rose came from the badge of the former allied regiment The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (now, through amalgamation, the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment). "THE LOYAL EDMONTON REGIMENT" is a form of the regimental title.
FEARS NO FOE
Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
The First World War
MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Flers-Courcelette; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.
The Second World War
LANDING IN SICILY; Piazza Armerina; Leonforte; Agira; ADRANO; Troina Valley; SICILY, 1943; Colle d'Anchise; The Gully; Ortona; LIRI VALLEY; Hitler Line; GOTHIC LINE; Monteciccardo; Monte Luro; RIMINI LINE; Pisciatello; San Fortunato; Savio Bridgehead; Naviglio Canal; Fosso Munio; ITALY, 1943-1945; Apeldoorn; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Edmonton, Alberta on 1 April 1908, when the '101st Regiment' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '101st Regiment "Edmonton Fusiliers"' on 1 March 1909;2 and 'The Edmonton Regiment' on 15 March 1920.3 On 15 May 1924, it was reorganized to form two separate regiments designated 'The Edmonton Fusiliers' (now the 'The South Alberta Light Horse'), and 'The Edmonton Regiment'.4 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Edmonton Regiment' on 7 November 1940;5 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Loyal Edmonton Regiment' on 7 July 1943;6 The Loyal Edmonton Regiment' on 1 November 1945;7 'The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry)' on 19 October 1954;8 and 'The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (4th Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry)' on 1 April 1970.9
Upon redesignation as The Edmonton Regiment on 15 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a five battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (172nd Battalion, CEF) and 2nd Battalion (Edmonton Fusiliers) (9th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 3rd Battalion (51st Battalion, CEF), 4th Battalion (63rd Battalion, CEF) and 5th Battalion (66th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle.
The Edmonton Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 253/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
Upon reorganization on 15 May 1924 (see above), The Edmonton Regiment was organized as a three battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (49th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (51st Battalion, CEF), and 3rd Battalion (63rd Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 245/51 and SD 1 Letter No. 4237, 5 May 1951). "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the '1st Canadian Infantry Battalion' for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (SD 1 Letter No. 4365, 12 November 1951). It was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53). "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed '2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion' for service in Korea with the United Nations (SD 1 Letter No. 4452, 22 April 1952 and CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52). "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53).
'49th', '51st' and '63rd "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
the First World War
The 49th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '49th Battalion, CEF',11 embarked for Great Britain on 3 June 1915.12 It disembarked in France on 9 October 1915, where it fought as part of the 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.13 The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.14
The 51st Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '51st Battalion, CEF',15 embarked for Great Britain on 1 April 1916.16 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 13 November 1916, when it was reorganized as a Garrison Duty Battalion.17 On 22 June 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the various regimental depots.18 The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.19
The 63rd Battalion, which was authorized on 20 April 1915 as the '63rd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',20 embarked for Great Britain on 22 April 1916.21 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 7 July 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the '9th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.22 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.23
The Second World War
The regiment mobilized 'The Edmonton Regiment, CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.24 It was redesignated: '1st Battalion, The Edmonton Regiment, CASF' on 7 November 1940;25 and '1st Battalion, The Loyal Edmonton Regiment' on 7 July 1943.26 On 22 December 1939, it embarked for Great Britain.27 "D" Company participated in the expedition to Spitzbergen on 25 August 1941, and the battalion landed in Sicily on 10 July and Italy on 4 September 1943, as part of the 2nd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division.28 The unit landed in France on 15 March 1945, on its way to the North West Europe theatre of operations, in which it fought until the end of the war.29 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1945.30
On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations, under the designation '3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion (The Loyal Edmonton Regiment), CASF'.31 The battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1945.32
1. GO 60/08.
2. GO 30/09.
3. GO 32/20.
4. GO 68/24.
5. GO 42/41.
6. GO 295/43.
7. GO 400/45; and/et GO 425/45.
8. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 412/54.
9. CFOO 70/15.
10. On 12 August 1977, all generic titles in the Canadian Forces, such as 'battalion', were made bilingual (Memorandum, DGBB (Director General Bilingualism and Biculturalism), 1901-1/1211-7-4, 12 Aug 77) / Le 12 août 1977, une directive ordonna que tous les titres génériques dans les Forces canadiennes, tel que « bataillon », soient bilingues (Mémorandum, DGBB (Directeur général - Bilinguisme et Biculturalisme), 1901- 1/1211-7-4, 12 août 77).
11. GO 86/15.
12. CEF Sailing List, vol. III.
13. War Diary/ Journaux de guerre, 49th Canadian Infantry Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4940, File/ dossier 440.
14. GO 149/20.
15. GO 86/15.
16. CEF Sailing List, vol. III. The unit also sent three reinforcing drafts overseas on 14 June, 11 September and 18 December 1915 / L'unité envoya également trois contingents de renforts outre-mer les 14 juin, 11 septembre et 18 décembre 1915.
17. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 51st Battalion, Document Collection/ Collection de documents 74/672, Series/ séries IV, Box/ boîte 12, Folder/ chemise 51.
19. GO 149/20.
20. GO 103a/15.
21. CEF Sailing List, vol. IV. The unit also sent three reinforcing drafts overseas on 11 September 1915, 22 January 1916 and 2 March 1916 / L'unité envoya également trois contingents de renforts outre-mer les 11 septembre 1915, 22 janvier 1916 et 2 mars 1916. 22. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 63rd Battalion, Document Collection /Collection de documents 74/672, Series/ séries IV, Box/ boîte 12, Folder/ chemise 63.
23. GO 82/18.
24. GO 135/39.
25. GO 42/41.
26. GO 295/43.
27. G.R. Stevens, A City Goes to War, (Brampton, 1964), p. 185.
28. Ibid, passim.
29. Ibid, p. 340; and/et Colonel C.P. Stacey, The Victory Campaign: The Operations in North-West Europe 1944-1945, (Ottawa, 1966), passim.
30. GO 85/46.
31. GO 241/45. The Canadian units formed for the Pacific theatre of operations were organized and equipped the same as the American army. The battalion was part of the '1st Canadian Infantry Regiment' / Les unités canadiennes du théâtre des opérations du Pacifique furent organisées et équipées de la même façon que l'Armée américaine. Le bataillon servit en tant que composante du « 1st Canadian Infantry Regiment ».
32. GO 425/45.
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