Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

THE LINCOLN AND WELLAND REGIMENT

The Lincoln and Welland Regiment Badge

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Colonel-in-Chief: Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex

BADGE

Description

Gules an escallop Argent all within an annulus Azure edged and inscribed LINCOLN and WELLAND in letters Or ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and resting upon a scroll Gules edged and inscribed with the Motto in letters Or.

Symbolism

The crown represents service to the Sovereign. The design commemorates the former units which were amalgamated in 1936 to form the regiment. The general outline of the badge is derived from the badge of The Lincoln Regiment and the escallop, an emblem used by the former County of Welland, is from the badge of The Lincoln and Welland Regiment. "LINCOLN and WELLAND" is a form of the regimental title and "NON NOBIS SED PATRIAE is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

NON NOBIS SED PATRIÆ (Not for us but for our country)

MARCH

"The Lincolnshire Poacher"

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Royal Anglian Regiment and The Rifles

Australian Army

The Royal Queensland Regiment

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BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; DETROIT; QUEENSTON; NIAGARA

The First World War

YPRES, 1915, '17; FESTUBERT, 1915; SOMME, 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; HILL 70; AMIENS; HINDENBURG LINE; PURSUIT TO MONS.

The Second World War

FALAISE; Falaise Road; The Laison; Chambois; The Seine, 1944; Moerbrugge; THE SCHELDT; Breskens Pocket; The Lower Maas; Kapelsche Veer; THE RHINELAND; The Hochwald; Veen; Twente Canal; Friesoythe; Küsten Canal; Bad Zwischenahn; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 18 March 1863 and incorporates the following regiments.

The Lincoln and Welland Regiment originated in St. Catharines, Ontario on 18 March 1863, when 'The 19th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '19th "Lincoln Battalion of Infantry"' on 28 September 1866;2 '19th St. Catharines Battalion of Infantry' on 1 October 1897;3 '19th St. Catharines Regiment' on 8 May 1900;4 '19th "Lincoln" Regiment' on 2 November 1912;5 and 'The Lincoln Regiment' on 1 May 1920.6 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Lincoln and Welland Regiment' (see below) and redesignated 'The Lincoln and Welland Regiment'.7 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Lincoln and Welland Regiment' on 7 November 1940;8 and 'The Lincoln and Welland Regiment' on 15 February 1946.9

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Lincoln Regiment on 1 May 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (81st Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (176th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Lincoln Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 95/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Lincoln Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 189/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Lincoln and Welland Regiment originated in Clifton, Ontario on 16 November 1866, when the '44th "Welland" Battalion of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.10 It was redesignated: '44th Lincoln and Welland Battalion of Infantry' on 1 October 1897;11 '44th Lincoln and Welland Regiment' on 8 May 1900;12 and 'The Lincoln and Welland Regiment' on 1 May 1920.13 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Lincoln Regiment', as above.

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Lincoln and Welland Regiment on 1 May 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (98th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Lincoln and Welland Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Lincoln and Welland Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 189/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

‘Battalion of Incorporated Militia of Upper Canada’, ‘The Coloured Corps (Captain Runchey’s Company of Coloured Men)’, ‘1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Regiments of Lincoln Militia (1812-15)’, '81st', '98th' and '176th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

St. Catharines, Ontario

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The Fenian Raids

The 19th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada was called out on active service on 1 June 1866. The battalion served on the Niagara frontier and was removed from active service on 22 June 1866.14

The 19th "Lincoln" Battalion of Infantry was called out on active service on 24 May 1870. The battalion served on the Niagara frontier and was removed from active service on 3 June 1870.15

The First World War

The 19th "Lincoln" Regiment was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties with the Welland Canal Force.16

The 44th Lincoln and Welland Regiment was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties with the Welland Canal Force.17

The 81st Battalion, which was authorized on 10 July 1915 as the '81st "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',18 embarked for Britain on 28 April 1916.19 The battalion provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 6 July 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the '35th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.20 The battalion was disbanded on 27 July 1917.21

The 98th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '98th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',22 embarked for Britain on 16 July 1916.23 The battalion provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 6 October 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the '12th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.24 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.25

The 176th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '176th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',26 embarked for Britain on 29 April 1917.27 On 9 May 1917, its personnel were absorbed by the '12th Reserve Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field.28 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.29

The Second World War

The regiment was called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then details were placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'The Lincoln and Welland Regiment, CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.30 The details were formed as an active service battalion and designated 'The Lincoln and Welland Regiment, CASF' on 15 August 1940.31 It was redesignated the '1st Battalion, The Lincoln and Welland Regiment, CASF' on 7 November 1940.32 The unit served in British Columbia, as part of the 13th Infantry Brigade, and in Newfoundland in a home defence role as part of Atlantic Command.33 On 16 July 1943 it embarked for Britain.34 On 25 July 1944, the battalion landed in France as a part of the 10th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Armoured Division, and it continued to fight in North West Europe until the end of the war.35 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 February 1946.36

REGIMENTAL COLOUR

The Lincoln and Welland Regiment

CAMP FLAG

The Lincoln and Welland Regiment


1. MGO 18 Mar 63. Formed from ten independent infantry companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Niagara, 26 December 1862); 'No. 2 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Clifton, 9 January 1863); 'No. 3 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at St. Catharines, 8 August 1862); 'No. 4 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at St. Catharines, 9 January 1863); 'No. 5 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Thorold, 19 December 1862); 'No. 6 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Louth, 2 January 1863); 'No. 7 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Port Dalhousie, 30 January 1863); 'No. 8 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Beamsville, 6 February 1863); 'No. 9 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Clinton, 30 January 1863); and 'No. 10 Company' (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at St. Anns, 6 February 1863) / Formé de dix compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Niagara, 26 décembre 1862); « No. 2 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Clifton, 9 janvier 1863); « No. 3 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at St. Catharines, 8 août 1862); « No. 4 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at St. Catharines, 9 janvier 1863); « No. 5 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Thorold, 19 décembre 1862); « No. 6 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Louth, 2 janvier 1863); « No. 7 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Port Dalhousie, 30 janvier 1863); « No. 8 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Beamsville, 6 février 1863); « No. 9 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at Clinton, 30 janvier 1863); et « No. 10 Company » (Volunteer Militia Infantry Company at St. Anns, 6 février 1863).

2. MGO 28 Sep 66.

3. GO 98/97.

4. MO 105/1900.

5. GO 202/12.

6. GO 66/20.

7. GO 189/36.

8. GO 42/41.

9. GO 111/46.

10. MGO 16 Nov 66; and/ et MGO 30 Nov 66. Formed from six independent infantry companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Clifton, 9 January 1863); 'No. 2 Company' (The First Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Thorold, 15 October 1861); 'No. 3 Company' (Infantry Company at Chippewa, 10 August 1866); 'No. 4 Company' (Infantry Company at Fort Erie, 31 August 1866); 'No. 5 Company' (Infantry Company, Welland, 9 November 1866); and 'No. 6 Company' (The Suspension Bridge, Great Western Railway Company at Clifton, 17 August 1866) / Formé de six compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at Clifton, 9 janvier 1863); « No. 2 Company » (The First Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Thorold, 15 octobre 1861); « No. 3 Company » (Infantry Company at Chippewa, 10 août 1866); « No. 4 Company » (Infantry Company at Fort Erie, 31 août 1866); « No. 5 Company » (Infantry Company, Welland, 9 novembre 1866); et « No. 6 Company » (The Suspension Bridge, Great Western Railway Company at Clifton, 17 août 1866).

11. MGO 98/97.

12. MO 105/1900.

13. GO 66/20.

14. MGO 1 June 1866; and/ et MGO 22 June 1866.

15. Adjutant General of the Militia Annual Report reprinted in Report of the State of the Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Year 1870 (Ottawa, 1871), p. 69.

16. GO 142/14; and/ et Major R. L. Rogers, History of The Lincoln and Welland Regiment, (Montreal, 1954), pp. 77-81. The regiment served with the Welland Canal Force from 5 August 1914 to 1 July 1918 / Le régiment servi au Canada aux côtés du « Welland Canal Force » du 5 août 1914 jusqu'au 1er juillet 1918.

17. Ibid.

18. GO 103a/15.

19. CEF Sailing List, vol. V.

20. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 81st Battalion, Document Collection/ Collection de documents 74/672, Series/ séries IV, Box/ boîte 12, Folder/ chemise 81.

21. GO 89/17.

22. GO 151/15.

23. CEF Sailing List, vol. V.

24. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 98th Battalion, Document Collection/ Collection de documents 74/672, Series/ séries IV, Box/ boîte 12, Folder/ chemise 98.

25. GO 82/18.

26. GO 69/16.

27. CEF Sailing List, vol. IX.

28. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 176th Battalion, Document Collection/ Collection de documents 74/672, Series/ séries IV, Box/ boîte 13, Folder/ chemise 176; and/ et War Diary/ Journaux de guerre, 12th Reserve Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4950, File /dossier 477.

29. GO 149/20.

30. GO 124/39; and/ et GO 135/39.

31. GO 244/40.

32. GO 42/41.

33. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), p. 536; and/ et Major R. L. Rogers, History of The Lincoln and Welland Regiment, (Montreal, 1954), pp. 98-112.

34. Ibid, p. 112.

35. Ibid, pp. 128-293.

36. GO 111/46.

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