Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

PRINCESS PATRICIA'S CANADIAN LIGHT INFANTRY

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry Badge

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Colonel-in-Chief: The Right-Honourable, Adrienne Clarkson CC CMM COM CD

BADGE

Description

Argent the coronet of Her Royal Highness Princess Patricia enfiled by her cypher Or all within an annulus Gules edged and inscribed PRINCESS PATRICIA'S CANADIAN LIGHT INFANTRY in letters Or the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper.

Symbolism

The crown represents service to the Sovereign. The cypher and coronet are those of H.R.H. Princess Patricia, the granddaughter of Queen Victoria, who granted the regiment the right to bear her name. "PRINCESS PATRICIA'S CANADIAN LIGHT INFANTRY" is the regimental title.

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MOTTO

None

MARCHES

Quick March

Medley of - "Has Anyone Seen the Colonel", "Tipperary", and "Mademoiselle from Armentières"

Slow March

"Lili Marlene"

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Rifles

Australian Army

The Royal Australian Regiment

AFFILIATION

Loyal Edmonton Regiment (4th Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry)

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BATTLE HONOURS

The First World War

YPRES, 1915, '17; Frezenberg; Bellewaarde; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Flers-Courcelette; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; Arleux; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1914-18, SIBERIA, 1918-1919.

The Second World War

LANDING IN SICILY; Leonforte; Agira; SICILY, 1943; The Moro; The Gully; LIRI VALLEY; Hitler Line; GOTHIC LINE; RIMINI LINE; San Fortunato; Savio Bridgehead; Naviglio Canal; Fosso Munio; Granarolo; ITALY, 1943-1945; Apeldoorn; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1945.

United Nations Operations - Korea

Kapyong; KOREA, 1950-1953.

Honorary Distinction

The United States Presidential Unit Citation battle streamer and shoulder badge for the actions at Kapyong on 24 and 25 April 1951. The distinction of bearing this streamer and badge belongs to the 2nd Battalion alone.

LINEAGE

This Regular Force regiment originated in Ottawa, Ontario on 10 August 1914, when the 'Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry' was authorized to be formed.1

Notes:
A Permanent Active Militia component was formed on 1 April 1919 (GO 27/19) and the Canadian Expeditionary Force component of the regiment was disbanded on 30 August 1920 (GO 149/20).

On 1 March 1946, the 'Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, CASF, CIC' was disbanded (GO 139/46) and the '2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, CIC' was redesignated 'Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, CIC' (GO 138/46). On 27 June 1946, the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry was embodied in the post-war Permanent Force (Active Force) (GO 158/46) (see operational history below).

On 7 August 1950, a '2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, RCIC' was authorized to be formed as an Active Force unit embodied in the Special Force (CAO 110-2, Supp Issue No. 210/50). On 1 January 1952, it ceased to be embodied in the Canadian Army Special Force (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52).

On 9 August 1950, the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, RCIC was redesignated 'Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, (1st Battalion) RCIC' (CAO 76-2, Supp Issue No. 193/50) and on 29 September 1951, it was embodied in the Special Force (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 260/51). On 9 April 1952, it was redesignated '1st Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, RCIC' (CAO 76-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52) and on 31 December 1952, it ceased to be embodied in the Canadian Army Special Force (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 322/53).

On 30 November 1950, a '3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, RCIC' was authorized to be formed as an Active Force unit embodied in the Special Force (CAO 110-2, Supp Issue No. 208/50). On 1 November 1953, it ceased to be embodied in the Canadian Army Special Force (CAO 76-8, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 365/53) and on 8 January 1954, it was reduced to nil strength (SD 1 Letter No. 53/139, 8 December 1953). The battalion was disbanded on 21 July 1954 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 401/54).

On 27 April 1970, a '3rd Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry' was authorized to be formed as a Regular Force unit (CANFORCEHED Message 1160-110/076 (DO) (DHH 73/1223, series 2, file 1050)

On 12 August 1977, all generic titles in the Canadian Forces, such as 'battalion', were made bilingual (Memorandum, DGBB (Director General Bilingualism and Biculturalism), 1901-1/1211-7-4, 12 Aug 77).

On 3 November 1997, the regiment was granted the perpetuation of the '260th Battalion (Canadian Rifles), CEF (Siberia)' (NDHQ Memorandum 1065-1 (DHH), 30 October 1997).

'The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (4th Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry)' is a separate and distinct regiment.

Perpetuations

'260th Battalion Canadian Rifles, CEF (Siberia)'

Headquarters Location

1st Battalion: Edmonton, Alberta

2nd Battalion: Shilo, Manitoba

3rd Battalion: Edmonton, Alberta

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

The regiment embarked for Great Britain on 27 September 1914.2 It landed in France with the 80th Brigade, 27th Division of the British Expeditionary Force on 21 December 1914,3 and on 25 November 1915 it joined the Canadian Corps as part of the 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, with which it fought in France and Flanders until the end of the war.4 The overseas component of the regiment was disbanded on 30 August 1920.5

The 260th Battalion, which was authorized on 1 November 1918 as the '260th Battalion, Canadian Rifles, CEF (Siberia)',6 embarked for Russia on 29 December 1918.7 It served with the 16th Infantry Brigade as part of the Allied Forces in eastern Russia until 9 May 1919.8 The battalion was disbanded on 15 November 1920.9

The Second World War

The regiment, which was placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'The Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, CASF',10 embarked for Great Britain on 21 December 1939.11 It landed in Sicily on 10 July 1943 and in Italy on 4 September 1943 as part of the 2nd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division.12 On 12 and 13 March 1945 the regiment moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war.13 The overseas regiment was disbanded on 1 March 1946.14

On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations, under the designation '1st Canadian Infantry Battalion (Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry), CASF'.15 It was redesignated: '2nd Battalion Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, CIC' on 2 September 1945;16 and 'Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, CIC' on 1 March 1946.17 On 27 June 1946, it was embodied in the Permanent Force as the 'Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry'.18

United Nations Operations - Korea

Three battalions of the regiment served in Korea as part of the 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group, 1st Commonwealth Division. The 2nd Battalion, initially part of the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade until 25 April 1951 then the 28th British Commonwealth Infantry Brigade until 27 May 1951, was the first to arrive in Korea (18 December 1950 to 4 November 1951), followed by the 1st Battalion (29 October 1951 to 4 November 1952) then the 3rd Battalion (29 October 1952 to the end of the conflict).19

REGIMENTAL COLOUR

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry

CAMP FLAG

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry


1. Regimental Charter authorized by the Minister of Militia and Defence on 10 August 1914; and Report of the Committee of the Privy Council, PC 2112 dated 14 August 1914 / La charte régimentaire autorisée par le Ministère de la Milice et de la défense le 10 août 1914; et le Rapport du comité du Conseil privé, PC 2112 de 14 août 1914.

2. Ralph Hodder-Williams, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1914-1919, (London, 1923), p. 13. The unit also sent reinforcing drafts overseas on 20 January 1915, 29 May 1915 (38th "Overseas" Battalion draft), 29 June 1915, 4 September 1915, 27 November 1915 and 5 April 1915 (CEF Sailing List, vol. I) / L'unité envoya également des contingents de renforts outre-mer les 20 janvier 1915, 29 mai 1915 (renfort du 38th "Overseas" Battalion), 29 juin 1915, 4 septembre 1915, 27 novembre 1915 et 5 avril 1915 (CEF Sailing List, vol. I).

3. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4911, File/dossier 346.

4. Ralph Hodder-Williams, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1914-1919, (London, 1923), passim. and/et War Diary/Journaux de guerre, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4911, File/dossier 347.

5. GO 149/20.

6. GO 128/18.

7. John E. Skuce, Canada's Soldiers in Siberia, (Ottawa, 1990), pp. 54-120.

8. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 260th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 260.

9. GO 215/20.

10. GO 135/39. On 1 September 1939, all corps, units and detachments of the Permanent Force were embodied in the Canadian Active Service Force / Le 1er septembre 1939, tous les corps, unités et détachements de la Force permanente furent incorpores dans l'armée active du Canada.

11. G.R. Stevens, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1919-1957, (Montreal, 1957), p. 22.

12. Lieutenant-Colonel G.W.L. Nicholson, The Canadians in Italy, 1943-45, (Ottawa, 1957), passim.

13. G.R. Stevens, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1919-1957, (Montreal, 1957), passim.

14. GO 139/46.

15. GO 241/45. The Canadian units formed for the Pacific theatre of operations were organized and equipped the same as the American army. The unit was part of the '2nd Canadian Infantry Regiment' / Les unités canadiennes du théâtre des opérations du Pacifique furent organisées et équipées de la même façon que l'Armée américaine. Le bataillon servit en tant que composante du « 2nd Canadian Infantry Regiment ».

16. GO 378/45.

17. GO 138/46.

18. GO 158/46.

19. Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert Fairlie Wood, Strange Battleground, (Ottawa, 1966), passim.

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