Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

THE PRINCESS OF WALES' OWN REGIMENT

The Princess of Wales Own Regiment Badge

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BADGE

Description

Gules the letters PWOR between two barrulets Or all within an annulus Azure fimbriated and inscribed NUNQUAM CEDE in letters Argent and ensigned by a beaver couchant proper, the whole surmounting three ostrich feathers Argent and issuant from a coronet of crosses pattée and fleur-de-lis enfiled by the feathers their tips over a scroll Azure fimbriated and inscribed ICH DIEN in letters Argent.

Symbolism

The cornet and feathers allude to the regiment's name, and the beaver represents service to Canada. During the Hundred Years' War, Edward the Black Prince, the first Prince of Wales (eldest son of Edward III), defeated the Count of Luxembourg and King of Bohemia (eldest son of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII), at the Battle of Crécy. After the battle, the prince adopted the three tall white ostrich plumes from the crest of his defeated foe as the badge of the heir apparent. He also adopted the dead king's motto "ICH DIEN" (I serve). "PWOR" is an abbreviated form of the regimental title and "NUNQUAM CEDE" is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

NUNQUAM CEDE (Never surrender)

MARCH

"The Buffs"

ALLIANCE

British Army

Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

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BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; NIAGARA

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

South African War

SOUTH AFRICA, 1900.

The First World War

MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916, '18; Flers-Courcelette; Thiepval; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917, HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; CAMBRAI, 1918; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.

The Second World War

Honorary Distinction
The badge of the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders, with the year-dates 1944-1945, for jointly mobilizing the unit for service in Europe.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated in Kingston, Ontario on 16 January 1863, when 'The 14th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles, Canada' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '14th Battalion, "The Princess of Wales' Own Rifles"' 12 June 1868;2 '14th Regiment "The Princess of Wales' Own Rifles"' on 8 May 1900;3 'The Kingston Regiment (The Princess of Wales' Own)' on 12 March 1920;4 and 'The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment' on 1 April 1921.5 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'A Company' of 'The Frontenac Regiment' (now the '33rd Medium Artillery Regiment, RCA') and 'A Company' of the '4th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' and redesignated 'The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment (Machine Gun)'.8 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment (Machine Gun)' on 12 May 1942;9 'The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment (Machine Gun) (Reserve)' on 15 September 1944;10 and 'The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment' on 1 April 1946.11

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Kingston Regiment (Princess of Wales' Own) on 12 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a three battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (21st Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (59th Battalion, CEF) and 3rd Battalion (253rd Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle.

The Kingston Regiment (The Princess of Wales' Own) was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 20 March 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 53/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 1 May 1921, The Kingston Regiment (The Princess of Wales' Own) was authorized an additional battalion, designated the 4th Battalion (14th Battalion, Canadian Militia) (GO 132/21). The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 201/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The perpetuation of the 4th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC (1919-1936) was assigned to The Prince of Wales Rangers (Peterborough Regiment) (Machine Gun) (now the '50th Field Artillery Regiment (The Prince of Wales Rangers), RCA)' (GO 76/37).

The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment was restricted to one company on 1 September 1970 (CFOO 70/16).

Perpetuations

‘Battalion of Incorporated Militia of Upper Canada’, ‘1st Regiment of Addington Militia (1812-15)’, ‘1st Regiment of Frontenac Militia (1812-15)’, ‘1st Regiment of Lennox Militia (1812-15)’, '21st', '59th' and '253rd "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

Kingston, Ontario

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The Fenian Raids

The battalion was called out on active service on 8 March 1866. It was removed from active service on 31 March 1866.12

South African War

The regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents during the South African War.13

The First World War

Details of the regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.14

The 21st Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '21st Battalion, CEF',15 embarked for Britain on 6 May 1915.16 It disembarked in France on 15 September 1915,17 where it fought as part of the 4th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.18 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.19

The 59th Battalion, which was authorized on 20 April 1915 as the '59th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',20 embarked for Britain on 1 April 1916.21 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 6 July 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the '39th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'.22 The battalion was disbanded on 21 May 1917.23

The 253rd Battalion, which was authorized on 1 May 1917 as the '253rd "Overseas" Infantry Battalion, CEF',24 embarked for Britain on 29 April 1917.25 On 18 May 1917, its personnel were absorbed by the '5th Reserve Battalion, CEF' to provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.26 The battalion was disbanded on 8 December 1917.27

The Second World War

Details from the regiment were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment (Machine Gun), CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.28 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.29

The regiment provided 'No. 1 Company' of 'The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders, CASF' for active service on 24 May 1940 (see The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders chart for further details).30

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment (Machine Gun), CASF' for active service on 12 May 1942.31 It was redesignated '1st Battalion, The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment, CIC, CASF' on 19 July 1943.32 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Military District No. 4.33 The battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1943.34

REGIMENTAL COLOUR

The Princess of Wales Own Regiment Badge

CAMP FLAG

The Princess of Wales Own Regiment


1. MGO 16 Jan 63. Formed from seven independent rifle companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (1st Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Kingston, 14 November 1855); 'No. 2 Company' (2d Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Kingston, 27 December 1855); 'No. 3 Company' (The Third Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Kingston, 27 November 1856); 'No. 4 Company' (The 4th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Kingston, 27 December 1861); 'No. 5 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Kingston, 17 April 1862); 'No. 6 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Kingston, 17 April 1862); and 'No. 7 Company' (The Portsmouth Rifle Company, 18 July 1860) / Formé de sept compagnies indépendantes de voltigeurs autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (1st Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Kingston, 14 novembre 1855); « No. 2 Company » (2d Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Kingston, 27 décembre 1855); « No. 3 Company » (The Third Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Kingston, 27 novembre 1856); « No. 4 Company » (The 4th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Kingston, 27 décembre 1861); « No. 5 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Kingston, 17 avril 1862); « No. 6 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Kingston, 17 avril 1862); et « No. 7 Company » (The Portsmouth Rifle Company, 18 juillet 1860).

2. Letter, The Duke of Buckingham to Viscount Monck (Governor General) dated 9 January 1868, reprinted in The Volunteer Review and Military Naval Gazette, Vol. II, No. 16, 20 April 1868 (Document Collection 92/252, (3-6-34)The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment, Box 36). Approval for the secondary designation was not published in General Orders. However, appointments appeared in the General Orders of 12 and 26 June 1868 under '14th Battalion "The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment"'; on 3 July 1868, and subsequently, the title appeared as '14th Battalion "The Princess of Wales' Own Rifles'" / Lettre, The Duke of Buckingham à Viscount Monck (Gouverneur général), le 9 janvier 1868, réimprimée dans The Volunteer Review and Military Naval Gazette, Vol. II, No. 16, 20 avril 1868 (Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-34)The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment, boîte 36). La nouvelle appellation secondaire ne se trouve pas dans les Ordres généraux. Toutefois, les désignations figurent dans les Ordres généraux du 12 et du 26 juin 1868 sous « 14th Battalion, "The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment" », dans les Ordres généraux publiés à partir du 3 juillet 1868 et subséquemment, le bataillon fut appelé « 14th Battalion "The Princess of Wales' Own Rifles" ».

3. MO 105/1900.

4. MO 59/20.

5. GO 97/21.

6. MGO 30 Nov 66.

7. GO 47/19.

8. GO 201/36.

9. GO 42/41; and/et GO 309/42.

10. GO 402/44.

11. GO 115/46.

12. MGO 8 March 1866; and/et MGO 28 March 1866.

13. GO 60/33.

14. GO 142/14.

15. GO 36/15.

16. CEF Sailing List, vol. II.

17. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 21st Canadian Infantry Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4930, File/dossier 410.

18. G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War, Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1919 (Ottawa, 1962), passim; and/et William Patterson, Kingston's Own: The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment 1863-2004, (Kingston, 2005), pp. 171-201.

19. GO 149/20.

20. GO 103a/15.

21. CEF Sailing List, vol. III. The unit also sent two reinforcing drafts overseas on 27 August 1915 et 13 November 1915 / L'unité envoya également deux contingents de renforts outre-mer les 27 août 1915 et 13 novembre 1915.

22. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 59th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 59.

23. GO 63/17.

24. GO 48/17.

25. CEF Sailing List, vol. XI.

26. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 253rd Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 253.

27. GO 82/18.

28. GO 124/39; and/et GO 135/39.

29. GO 44/41.

30. GO 184/40; William Patterson, Kingston's Own: The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment 1863-2004, (Kingston, 2005), pp. 207-217; and/et Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, (3-0-3, Vol. 1) Battle Honours Committee, Box/boîte 45, Folder/chemise 3. The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders were formed as a composite unit. 'The Prince of Wales Rangers (Peterborough Regiment) (Machine Gun)' provided Headquarters Company, 'The Prince of Wales' Own Regiment (Machine Gun)' provided No. 1 Company, 'The Brockville Rifles' provided No. 2 Company and No. 3 and 4 Companies were provided by 'The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders' / Le « The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders » fut formé en tant qu'unité composite. Le « The Prince of Wales Rangers (Peterborough Regiment) (Machine Gun) » fournit la « Headquarters Company », le « The Prince of Wales' Own Regiment (Machine Gun) » fournit la « No. 1 Company », le « The Brockville Rifles » fournit la « No. 2 Company » et les « No. 3 » et « No. 4 Company » furent fournies par le « The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders ».

31. GO 309/42; and/et GO 42/41.

32. GO 463/43.

33. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), p. 53; and/et William Patterson, Kingston's Own: The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment 1863-2004, (Kingston, 2005), pp. 218-223.

34. GO 15/44.

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