Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments
THE QUEEN'S OWN CAMERON HIGHLANDERS OF CANADA
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Colonel-in-Chief: His Royal Highness The Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh KG KT OM GBE AC QSO GCL CD ADC
The figure of St. Andrew proper holding his cross Argent and standing on a mount Vert, all within a wreath of thistles proper issuant from four scrolls Or inscribed QUEEN'S OWN CAMERON HIGHLANDERS OF CANADA in letters Vert.
The thistles (the national flower of Scotland) and the cross held by St. Andrew (the patron saint of Scotland) are common devices in badges of highland infantry. "QUEEN'S OWN CAMERON HIGHLANDERS OF CANADA" is a form of the regimental title.
"The Piobaireachd of Donald Dhu" and "March of the Cameron Men"
The Royal Regiment of Scotland
The First World War
YPRES, 1915, '17; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Flers-Courcelette; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Scarpe, 1918; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai, 1918; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.
The Second World War
Dieppe; BOURGUÉBUS RIDGE; St. André-sur-Orne; Verrières Ridge - Tilly-la-Campagne; FALAISE; Falaise Road; The Laison; Forêt de la Londe; Dunkirk, 1944; THE SCHELDT; Woensdrecht; South Beveland; THE RHINELAND; The Hochwald; Xanten; THE RHINE; Groningen; Oldenburg; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1942, 1944-1945.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Winnipeg, Manitoba on 1 February 1910, when 'The 79th Highlanders of Canada' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: 'The 79th Cameron Highlanders of Canada' on 1 April 1910;2 'The Cameron Highlanders of Canada' on 12 March 1920;3 'The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada' on 1 November 1923;4 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada' on 7 November 1940;5 'The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada' on 30 November 1945;6 'The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada (Motor)' on 1 October 1954;7 and 'The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada' on 11 April 1958.8
Upon redesignation as The Cameron Highlanders of Canada on 12 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a three battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (43rd Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (174th Battalion, CEF) and 3rd Battalion (179th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The Cameron Highlanders of Canada were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
'43rd', '174th' and '179th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
The First World War
Details of the regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.9
The 43rd Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '43rd "Battalion, CEF',10 embarked for Britain on 1 June 1915.11 It disembarked in France on 22 February 1916, where it fought as part of the 9th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.12 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.13
The 174th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '174th "Overseas" Infantry Battalion', CEF,14 embarked for Britain on 29 April 1917.15 On 7 May 1917, its personnel were absorbed by the '14th Reserve Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.16 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.17
The 179th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '179th "Overseas" Infantry Battalion', CEF,18 embarked for Britain on 3 October 1916.19 On 21 October 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the '17th Reserve Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.20 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.21
The Second World War
The regiment mobilized the 'The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada, CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.22 It was redesignated the '1st Battalion, The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada, CASF' on 7 November 1940.23 It embarked for Britain on 12 December 1940.24 The battalion took part in the Dieppe Raid on 19 August 1942.25 It landed again in France on 7 July 1944, as part of the 6th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war.26 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 30 November 1945.27
1. GO 19/10.
2. GO 40/10.
3. MO 60/20.
4. GO 155/23.
5. GO 42/41.
6. GO 85/46; and/et GO 400/45.
7. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 412/54.
8. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 596/58.
9. GO 163/14.
10. GO 86/15.
11. CEF Sailing List, vol. III.
12. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 43rd Canadian Infantry Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4938, File/dossier 434.
13. GO 149/20.
14. GO 69/16.
15. CEF Sailing List, vol. IX.
16. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 174th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 174.
17. GO 82/18.
18. GO 69/16.
19. CEF Sailing List, vol. IX.
20. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 179th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 179.
21. GO 82/18.
22. GO 135/39.
23. GO 42/41.
24. R.W. Queen-Hughes, Whatever Men Dare: a History of the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada 1935-1960, (Winnipeg, 1960), p. 39.
25. Ibid., pp. 64-81.
26. Ibid., passim; and/et Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), passim.
27. GO 85/46.
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