Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

THE ROYAL HIGHLAND FUSILIERS OF CANADA

Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada Badge

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BADGE

Description

On the star of the Order of the Thistle Argent fimbriated Azure, a grenade Or fired proper inscribed with the monogram HLI in letters Argent, the flame surmounted by the Royal Crown proper, at the base of the grenade a scroll Azure inscribed with the word CANADA in letters Or above a scroll Azure edged and inscribed with the motto DEFENCE NOT DEFIANCE in letters Or.

Symbolism

The star of the Order of the Thistle is a traditional element associated with highland regiments. The grenade refers to the regiment's fusilier status, while the word CANADA symbolizes the regiment's deep Canadian roots. The monogram HLI was used by The Highland Light Infantry of Canada, which amalgamated with The Scots Fusiliers of Canada in 1965 to form The Highland Fusiliers of Canada. The Crown represents both the regiment's loyal service and the appellation Royal accorded by Her Majesty the Queen in 1998.

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MOTTO

DEFENCE NOT DEFIANCE

MARCHES

"The Highland Laddie" and "Seann Triubhas"

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Royal Regiment of Scotland

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BATTLE HONOURS

The First World War

MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; ARRAS, 1917, '18; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; AMIENS; HINDENBURG LINE; PURSUIT TO MONS.

The Second World War

NORMANDY LANDING; CAEN; The Orne (Buron); BOURGUÉBUS RIDGE; Faubourg de Vaucelles; FALAISE; The Laison; Chambois; Boulogne, 1944; Calais, 1944; THE SCHELDT; Savojaards Platt; Breskens Pocket; THE RHINELAND; Waal Flats; The Hochwald; THE RHINE; Zutphen; Leer; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 14 September 1866 and incorporates the following regiments.

The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada originated in Berlin, Ontario on 14 September 1866, when the '29th "Waterloo Battalion of Infantry"' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '29th Waterloo Regiment' on 8 May 1900;2 '29th Regiment (Highland Light Infantry of Canada)' on 15 April 1915;3 'The Highland Light Infantry of Canada' on 29 March 1920;4 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry of Canada' on 7 November 1940;5 and 'The Highland Light Infantry of Canada' on 1 May 1946.6 On 1 October 1954, it was amalgamated with 'The Perth Regiment' and redesignated 'The Perth and Waterloo Regiment (Highland Light Infantry of Canada)'.7 On 1 April 1957, these two regiments ceased to be amalgamated and resumed their former designations.8 On 26 February 1965, it was amalgamated with 'The Scots Fusiliers of Canada' (see below) and redesignated 'The Highland Fusiliers of Canada'.9 It was redesignated 'The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada' on 7 July 1998.10

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Highland Light Infantry of Canada on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (34th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (111th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Highland Light Infantry of Canada was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 253/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment

The Perth and Waterloo Regiment (Highland Light Infantry of Canada) was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 April 1957 (CAO 78-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 541/57), and reorganized the same day as two separate regiments (CAO 110-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 541/57, and CAO 78-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 626/58). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Scots Fusiliers of Canada originated in Berlin, Ontario on 21 September 1914, when an "eight company regiment of infantry" was authorized to be formed.11 It was designated the '108th Regiment' on 1 February 1915.12 It was redesignated: 'The Waterloo Regiment' on 29 March 1920;13 'North Waterloo Regiment' on 3 August 1920;14 'The Scots Fusiliers of Canada' on 15 September 1928;15 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Scots Fusiliers of Canada' on 5 March 1942;16 'The Scots Fusiliers of Canada (Reserve)' on 15 October 1943;17 and 'The Scots Fusiliers of Canada' on 7 November 1945.18 The regiment was converted to artillery and redesignated the '54th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Scots Fusiliers of Canada), RCA' on 1 April 1946,19 and converted to infantry and redesignated 'The Scots Fusiliers of Canada' on 1 December 1959.20 On 26 February 1965, it was amalgamated with 'The Highland Light Infantry of Canada', as above.

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Waterloo Regiment on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (118th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The North Waterloo Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

'34th', '111th' and '118th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Cambridge, Ontario

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

The 34th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '34th Battalion, CEF',21 embarked for Britain on 23 October 1915.22 It provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 27 November 1916, when it was reorganized as the '34th Boys' Battalion, CEF'.23 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.24

The 111th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '111th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',25 embarked for Britain on 25 September 1916.26 On 13 October 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the '35th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.27 The battalion was disbanded on 21 May 1917.28

The 118th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '118th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',29 embarked for Britain on 22 January 1917.30 On 6 February 1917, its personnel were absorbed by the '25th Reserve Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.31 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.32

The Second World War

The Highland Light Infantry of Canada mobilized the 'The Highland Light Infantry of Canada, CASF' for active service on 24 May 1940.33 It was redesignated the '1st Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry of Canada, CASF' on 7 November 1940.34 It embarked for Britain on 20 July 1941.35 On D-Day, 6 June 1944, it landed in Normandy, France as part of the 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war.36 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 January 1946.37

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '3rd Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry of Canada, CIC, CAOF' on 1 June 1945 for active service with the Canadian Army Occupation Force in Germany.38 The battalion was disbanded on 1 May 1946.39

The Scots Fusiliers mobilized the '1st Battalion, The Scots Fusiliers, CASF' for active service on 5 March 1942.40 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Military District No. 2.41 The battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1943.42

REGIMENTAL COLOUR

Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada

CAMP FLAG

Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada


1. MGO 14 Sep 66. Formed from five independent infantry companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at New Hamburg, 21 November 1862), 'No. 2 Company' (Infantry Company at Galt, 8 June 1866), 'No. 3 Company' (Infantry Company at Waterloo, 8 June 1866), 'No. 4 Company' (Infantry Company at Cross Hill, 31 August 1866), and 'No. 5 Company' (Infantry Company at Berlin, 14 September 1866) / Formé de cinq compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (Volunteer Militia Company of Infantry at New Hamburg, 21 novembre 1862), « No. 2 Company » (Infantry Company at Galt, 8 juin 1866), « No. 3 Company » (Infantry Company at Waterloo, 8 juin 1866), « No. 4 Company » (Infantry Company at Cross Hill, 31 août 1866), et « No. 5 Company » (Infantry Company at Berlin, 14 septembre 1866).

2. MO 105/1900.

3. GO 52/15.

4. MO 94/20.

5. GO 42/41.

6. GO 201/46; and/et GO 400/45.

7. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 417/54.

8. CAO 110-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 541/57; and/et CAO 78-3, Para 2, Supp Issue No. 626/58.

9. SD 1 Letter No. 64/61, 17 Dec 64; SD 1 Letter No. 65/24; and/et Central Command letter CC 2001-3/1-23/3 (G), 14 May 65.

10. Letter from the Secretary to the Governor-General to CDS dated 7 July 1998 / Lettre du secrétaire du Gouverneur Général au CEMD le 7 juillet 1998, File/dossier 1060-5094; and/et MOO 98084, 16 Feb 99 / DMO 98084, 16 fév 99.

11. GO 156/14.

12. GO 17/15.

13. MO 94/20.

14. GO 125/20.

15. GO 163/28.

16. GO 131/42; and/et GO 42/41.

17. GO 15/44; and/et GO 213/43.

18. GO 400/45.

19. GO 115/46.

20. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 658/59.

21. GO 86/15.

22. CEF Sailing List, vol. II. The battalion also sent two reinforcement drafts to England on 19 June and 17 August 1915 / Le bataillon envoya également trois contingents de renforts en Angleterre les 19 juin et 17 août 1915.

23. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 34th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 11, Folder/chemise 34.

24. GO 82/18.

25. GO 151/15.

26. CEF Sailing List, vol. VI.

27. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 111th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 111.

28. GO 63/17.

29. GO 151/15.

30. CEF Sailing List, vol. VI.

31. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 118th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 118.

32. GO 82/18.

33. GO 184/40; and/et GO 50/41.

34. GO 42/41.

35. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-17) The Highland Light Infantry of Canada, Box/boîte 35, Folder/chemise 16.

36. Ibid; and/et Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), passim.

37. GO 85/46.

38. GO 319/46.

39. GO 201/46.

40. GO 131/42.

41. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), p. 538.

42. GO 15/44.

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