Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

THE ROYAL HAMILTON LIGHT INFANTRY
(WENTWORTH REGIMENT)

The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment) Badge

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Colonel-in-Chief: His Royal Highness The Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh KG KT OM GBE AC QSO GCL CD ADC

BADGE

Description

On an autumnal maple leaf proper a bugle Argent stringed Vert enclosing the letters RHLI Or and ensigned by the Royal Crown proper, the base of the leaf surmounted by two scrolls Azure edged and inscribed WENTWORTH REGIMENT and SEMPER PARATUS in letters Or.

Symbolism

The maple leaf represents service to Canada, and the Crown, service to the Sovereign. The regiment's light infantry heritage is symbolized by the bugle. Combined, "RHLI" and "WENTWORTH REGIMENT" are a form of the regimental title, and "SEMPER PARATUS" is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

SEMPER PARATUS (Always ready)

MARCH

"The Mountain Rose"

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Rifles

BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; DETROIT; QUEENSTON; NIAGARA

South African War

SOUTH AFRICA, 1899-1900.

The First World War

YPRES, 1915, '17; Gravenstafel; St. Julien; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Pozières; Flers Courcelette; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; Arleux; Scarpe, 1917, '18; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Drocourt-Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915 18.

The Second World War

Dieppe; Verrière Ridge-Tilly-la-Campagne; FALAISE; Falaise Road; Clair Tizon; Forêt de la Londe; THE SCHELDT; Woensdrecht; South Beveland; THE RHINELAND; Goch-Calcar Road; The Hochwald; Xanten; Twente Canal; Groningen; Oldenburg; NORTH WEST EUROPE, 1942, 1944 1945.

LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 11 December 1862 and incorporates the following regiments.

The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry originated in Hamilton, Ontario on 11 December 1862, when the '13th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '13th Regiment' on 8 May 1900;2 '13th "Royal Regiment"' on 3 January 1910;3 'The Royal Hamilton Regiment' on 1 May 1920;4 and 'The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry' on 15 March 1927.5 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with the headquarters and three companies of 'The Wentworth Regiment' (see below) and redesignated 'The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)'.6 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)' on 7 November 1940;7 and 'The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)' on 31 December 1945.8

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Royal Hamilton Regiment on 1 May 1920 (see above), it was organized as a four battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (13th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (86th Battalion, CEF), 3rd Battalion (120th Battalion, CEF), and 4th Battalion (205th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle.

The Royal Hamilton Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 204/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 15 June 1926, the 1st Battalion was redesignated the 1st Battalion (4th Battalion, CEF) (GO 57/26). The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 179/36 and GO 211/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" Company (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 245/51; and SD 1 Letter No. 4237, 5 May 1951). "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the '1st Canadian Rifle Battalion' for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (SD 1 Letter No. 4365, 12 November 1951). It was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53). "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed '2nd Canadian Rifle Battalion' for service in Korea with the United Nations (SD 1 Letter No. 4452, 22 April 1952; and CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52). "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53).

The Wentworth Regiment originated in Dundas, Ontario on 23 May 1872, when the '77th "Wentworth" Battalion of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.9 It was redesignated: '77th Wentworth Regiment' on 8 May 1900;10 and 'The Wentworth Regiment' on 1 May 1920.11 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry', as above.

Notes:
Upon redesignation as The Wentworth Regiment on 1 May 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (129th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Wentworth Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 253/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Wentworth Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 179/36 and GO 211/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

‘2nd Regiment of York Militia (1812-15)’, '4th', '86th', '120th', '129th', and '205th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

Hamilton, Ontario

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The Fenian Raids

The 13th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada' was called out on active service from 8 to 31 March and from 1 to 22 June 1866.12 The battalion, which fought on the Niagara frontier, was removed from active service on 22 June 1866.13

South African War

The 13th Regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents, mainly the '2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry'.14

The First World War

Details of the 77th Wentworth Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.15

The 4th Battalion, which was authorized on 10 August 1914 as the '4th Battalion, CEF',16 embarked for Britain on 3 October 1914.17 It disembarked in France on 12 February 1915, where it fought as part of the 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.18 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.19

The 86th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '86th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',20 embarked for Britain on 19 May 1916.21 It provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 22 June 1916, when it was reorganized in England as the 'Canadian Machine Gun Depot, CEF'.22 The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.23

The 120th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '120th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',24 embarked for Britain on 14 August 1916.25 It provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 20 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the '2nd Reserve Battalion, CEF'.26 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.27

The 129th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '129th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',28 embarked for Britain on 24 August 1916.29 Its personnel were absorbed by the '123rd ' and '124th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF' on 18 October 1916 to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until.30 The battalion was disbanded on 21 May 1917.31

The 205th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '205th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',32 sent two reinforcing drafts overseas on 28 March and 29 April 1917.33 On 20 December 1916, it was reorganized in Canada as a draft-giving depot machine gun battalion, and on 31 October 1917, its personnel were absorbed by the 'Machine Gun Corps, CEF, Military District No. 2'.34 The battalion was disbanded on 12 July 1918.35

The Second World War

The regiment mobilized 'The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939,36 and it was redesignated the '1st Battalion, The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, CASF' on 7 November 1940.37 It embarked for Britain on 22 July 1940.38 The battalion took part in the raid on Dieppe on 19 August 1942.39 It landed again in France on 5 July 1944, as part of the 4th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war.40 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 31 December 1945.41

REGIMENTAL COLOUR

The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)

CAMP FLAG

The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)


1. MGO 11 Dec 62. Formed from seven independent rifle companies authorized on the following dates: '1st Company' (1st Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Hamilton, 27 December 1855), '2nd Company' (2d Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Hamilton, 27 December 1855), '3rd Company (Highland)' (Highland Volunteer Rifle Company of Hamilton, 2 April 1860), '4th Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Hamilton, 28 November 1862), '5th Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Hamilton, 5 December 1862), '6th Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Hamilton, 5 December 1862), and '7th Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Hamilton, 11 December 1862) / Formé de sept compagnies indépendantes de voltigeurs autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « 1st Company » (1st Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Hamilton, 27 décembre 1855), « 2nd Company » (2d Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Hamilton, 27 décembre 1855), « 3rd Company (Highland) » (Highland Volunteer Rifle Company of Hamilton, 2 avril 1860), « 4th Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Hamilton, 28 novembre 1862), « 5th Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Hamilton, 5 décembre 1862), « 6th Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Hamilton, 5 décembre 1862), et « 7th Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company at Hamilton, 11 décembre 1862).

2. MO 105/1900.

3. GO 6/10.

4. GO 66/20.

5. GO 15/27.

6. GO 211/36; and/et GO 75/37. One company of The Wentworth Regiment was converted to artillery and redesignated the '102nd (Wentworth) Field Battery, RCA'. The battery was placed on the Supplementary Order of Battle on 27 February 1970 (CFOO 70/16) / Une compagnie du « The Wentworth Regiment » fut convertie à l'artillerie et fut rebaptisée « 102nd (Wentworth) Field Battery, RCA ». La batterie fut réduite à des effectifs nuls et transférée à l'Ordre de bataille supplémentaire le 27 février 1970 (CFOO 70/16).

7. GO 42/41.

8. GO 400/45; and/et GO 85/46.

9. MGO 13/72. Formed from four independent infantry companies and two infantry companies of the '13th Battalion' authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (Infantry Company at Dundas, 8 June 1866, redesignated No. 7 Company, 13th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada on 23 May 1867), 'No. 2 Company' (Infantry Company at Waterdown, 17 August 1866, redesignated No. 8 Company, 13th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada on 23 May 1867), 'No. 3 Company' (Infantry Company at Binbrooke, 17 August 1866), 'No. 4 Company' (Infantry Company in the Township of Beverley, 17 August 1866, redesignated Rockton Infantry Company on 19 May 1871), 'No. 5 Company' Saltfleet Infantry Company, 23 February 1872), and 'No. 6 Company' (Glanford Infantry Company, 23 February 1872) / Formé de quatre compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie et deux compagnies du « 13th Battalion » autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (Infantry Company at Dundas, 8 juin 1866, rebaptisée No. 7 Company, 13th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada le 23 mai 1867), « No. 2 Company » (Infantry Company at Waterdown, 17 août 1866, rebaptisée No. 7 Company, 13th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry), Canada le 23 mai 1867), « No. 3 Company » (Infantry Company at Binbrooke, 17 août 1866), « No. 4 Company » (Infantry Company in the Township of Beverley, 17 août 1866, rebaptisée Rockton Infantry Company le 19 mai 1871), « No. 5 Company » (Saltfleet Infantry Company, 23 février 1872), et « No. 6 Company » (Glanford Infantry Company, 23 février 1872).

10. MO 105/1900.

11. 11. GO 66/20.

12. MGO 8 Mar 66; MGO 28 Mar 66; and/et MGO 1 Jun 66.

13. MGO 22 Jun 66.

14. 14. GO 60/33.

15. 15. GO 146/14.

16. PC 2067, 6 August 1914, and/et memorandum Preliminary Instructions for Mobn. War 1914, BGen V.A.S. Williams, Adjutant-General, Canadian Militia to O.Cs. Divisions and Districts, 10 August 1914, reprinted in Colonel A.F. Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919, vol. 1 - Appendices (Ottawa), 1938), pp. 37-39.

17. Ibid., pp. 111 and/et 116.

18. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 4th Canadian Infantry Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4915, Files/dossiers 359-361 and/et Vol. 4916, File/dossier 361; and/et Ibid., p. 454.

19. GO 149/20.

20. GO 151/15.

21. CEF Sailing List, vol. V.

22. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 86th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 86; and/et War Diary/Journaux de guerre, Canadian Machine Gun Depot, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4988, File/dossier 634.

23. GO 82/18.

24. GO 151/15.

25. CEF Sailing List, vol. VI.

26. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 120th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 120.

27. GO 82/18.

28. GO 151/15.

29. CEF Sailing List, vol. VII.

30. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 129th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 129.

31. GO 63/17.

32. GO 69/16.

33. CEF Sailing List, vol. X.

34. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 205th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 205; and/et Document Collection 92/252, (3-6-47), The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, Box/boîte 37, Folder/chemise 12; GO 101/17 and/et GO 209/20.

35. GO 98/18.

36. GO 135/39.

37. GO 42/41.

38. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-47)The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, Box/boîte 37, Folder/chemise 12.

39. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1: Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), pp. 349-386.

40. Brereton Greenhous, et. al., Semper Paratus: The History of The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment) 1862-1977, (Hamilton, 1977), pp. 235-338; and/et Document Collection 92/252, (3-6-47), The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, Box/boîte 37, Folder/chemise 12.

41. GO 85/46.

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