Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments
THE ROYAL MONTREAL REGIMENT
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Argent an autumnal maple leaf proper inscribed ROYAL MONTREAL REGT in letters Or within a belt Azure edged, buckled and inscribed HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE in letters Or ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and set above a scroll Azure edged and inscribed CANADA in letters Or.
The maple leaf and scroll bearing the word "CANADA" represent service to Canada, and the Crown, service to the Sovereign. The belt, with motto, is the insignia of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. "ROYAL MONTREAL REGT" is a form of the regimental title and "HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE" is the motto of the Regiment.
HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE (Shame on him who thinks ill of it)
The Yorkshire Regiment
The First World War
YPRES, 1915, '17; Gravenstafel; St. Julien; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; Pozières; Thiepval; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; Arleux; Scarpe, 1917, '18; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; Drocourt Quéant; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915-18.
The Second World War
Calais, 1944; THE SCHELDT; Leopold Canal; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.
The Second World War badge of the Canadian Armoured Corps borne on the regimental Colour and appointments, for service with that arm.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Westmount, Quebec on 2 November 1914, when an "8 company regiment of infantry" was authorized to be formed.1 The regiment was designated the '58th Westmount Rifles' on 1 December 1914.2 It was redesignated: 'The Royal Montreal Regiment' on 29 March 1920;3 'The Royal Montreal Regiment (Machine Gun)' on 15 December 1936;4 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Royal Montreal Regiment (Machine Gun)' on 7 November 1940;5 'The Royal Montreal Regiment (Machine Gun)' on 16 October 1945;6 and 'The Royal Montreal Regiment' on 1 September 1954.7
Upon redesignation as The Royal Montreal Regiment on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (14th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle.
On 15 June 1920, the battalions were redesignated the 1st (Westmount) Battalion (14th Battalion, CEF), and the 2nd Battalion (23rd Battalion, CEF) (GO 94/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The Royal Montreal Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 2 July 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 138/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
'14th' and '23rd "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
The First World War
The 14th Battalion, which was authorized on 1 September 1914 as the '14th Battalion, CEF',8 embarked for Britain on 27 and 29 September 1914.9 It disembarked in France on 15 February 1915, where it fought as part of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.10 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.11
The 23rd Battalion, which was authorized on 21 October 1914 as the '23rd Battalion, CEF',12 embarked for Britain on 23 February 1915.13 It was redesignated '23rd Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 18 April 1915, to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.14 The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.15
The Second World War
The regiment mobilized the 'The Royal Montreal Regiment (Machine Gun), CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.16 It was redesignated '1st Battalion, The Royal Montreal Regiment (Machine Gun), CASF' on 7 November 1940,17 and converted to armour and redesignated '32nd Reconnaissance Regiment (Royal Montreal Regiment), CAC, CASF' on 25 January 1943.18 It was converted to infantry and redesignated: 'First Army Headquarters Defence Company (Royal Montreal Regiment), CASF' on 12 April 1944;19 and 'First Canadian Army Headquarters Defence Battalion (Royal Montreal Regiment), CASF' on 5 April 1945.20 This unit embarked for the Britain on 7 December 1939.21 On 28 July 1944, the company landed in France as a unit of First Canadian Army Troops, and it continued to serve in North West Europe until the end of the war.22 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 30 September 1945.23 On 24 May 1944, a sub-unit of the regiment, designated 'No. 9 Defence and Employment Platoon (Royal Montreal Regiment), CIC, CASF', was mobilized in England.24 On 27 June 1944, it landed in France as a unit of First Canadian Army Troops, and it continued to serve in North West Europe until the end of the war.25 The overseas platoon was disbanded on 16 October 1945.26
On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations under the designation '6th Canadian Infantry Division Reconnaissance Troop (The Royal Montreal Regiment), CAC, CASF.27 It was redesignated the '6th Canadian Infantry Division Reconnaissance Troop (The Royal Montreal Regiment), RCAC, CASF' on 2 August 1945.28 The troop was disbanded on 1 November 1945.29
1. GO 177/14.
2. GO 198/14.
3. MO 95/20. The regiment was given the title 'Royal' without proper authorization. His Majesty the King approved the continuance of the title on 1 September 1923 (GO 141/23) / Le régiment reçut le titre « Royal » sans en avoir l'autorisation. Sa Majesté le Roi approuva le maintien du titre le 1er septembre 1923 (GO 141/23).
4. GO 164/36.
5. GO 42/41.
6. GO 400/45.
7. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 420/55.
8. Valcartier Camp Order No. 215; and/et Valcartier Camp Order No. 241 - "Organization Expeditionary Force", 3 September 1914/3 septembre 1914, reprinted in/imprimé à nouveau dans Colonel A.F. Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919, vol. 1 - Appendices (Ottawa, 1938), pp. 54-55.
9. Colonel A.F. Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919, vol. 1 - Appendices (Ottawa, 1938), pp. 110-117.
10. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 14th Canadian Infantry Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG 9/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4922, File/dossier 386; and/et R.C. Fetherstonhaugh, The Royal Montreal Regiment 14th Battalion C.E.F., (Montreal, 1927), passim.
11. GO 149/20.
12. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 23rd Reserve Battalion, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series III-D-3, Vol. 4952, File/dossier 480; and/et Colonel A.F. Duguid, Official History of the Canadian Forces in the Great War, 1914-1919, vol. 1 - Appendices (Ottawa, 1938), p. 368.
14. Shorncliffe Camp Order 354/15.
15. GO 149/20.
16. GO 135/39.
17. GO 42/41.
18. GO 187/43.
19. GO 345/44.
20. GO 331/45.
21. R.C. Fetherstonhaugh, The Royal Montreal Regiment 1925-1945, (Montreal, 1949), p. 23.
22. Ibid, passim. The advance party and the armoured car troop landed on 17 June 1944 / Le groupe précurseur et la troupe d'automitrailleuse débarquèrent le 17 juin 1944.
23. GO 85/46.
24. GO 462/44.
25. R.C. Fetherstonhaugh, The Royal Montreal Regiment 1925-1945, (Montreal, 1949), passim.
26. GO 52/46.
27. GO 241/45. The Canadian units formed for the Pacific theatre of operations were organized and equipped the same as the American army / Les unités canadiennes du théâtre des opérations du Pacifique furent organisées et équipées de la même façon que l'Armée américaine.
28. GO 275/45. The Canadian Armoured Corps was redesignated 'Royal Canadian Armoured Corps' on this date / Le « Canadian Armoured Corps » fut rebaptisé « Royal Canadian Armoured Corps » à cette date.
29. GO 425/45.
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