Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments
THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN RANGERS
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Gules a Dall ram's head in trian aspect Or all within an annulus Gules edged and inscribed THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN RANGERS in letters Or ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and environed by maple leaves proper issuant from a scroll Gules edged and inscribed with the Motto in letters Or.
The maple leaves represent service to Canada and the Crown represents service to the Sovereign. The head of a ram or big horn sheep was approved for wear by all independent rifle companies in the Province of British Columbia in 1899. "THE ROCKY MOUNTAIN RANGERS" is the regimental title, and "KLOSHE NANITCH" is the motto of the regiment, in the Chinook dialect.
KLOSHE NANITCH (Keep a good lookout)
"The Meeting of the Waters"
The Yorkshire Regiment
The First World War
ARRAS, 1917, '18; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; AMIENS;
HINDENBURG LINE; VALENCIENNES
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Nelson, British Columbia on 1 April 1908, when the '102nd Regiment' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '102nd Regiment, Rocky Mountain Rangers' on 1 June 1909;2 'The Rocky Mountain Rangers' on 12 March 1920;3 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Rocky Mountain Rangers' on 1 January 1941;4 and 'The Rocky Mountain Rangers' on 28 January 1946.5
Upon redesignation as The Rocky Mountain Rangers on 12 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (172nd Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The Rocky Mountain Rangers were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 2 May 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 180/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
'172nd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'
Kamloops, British Columbia
The First World War
The 102nd Regiment, Rocky Mountain Rangers was placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.6
The 172nd Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '172nd "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',7 embarked for Britain on 25 October 1916.8 Its personnel were absorbed by the '24th Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 1 January 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.9 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.10
The Second World War
The regiment was called out on service on 26 August 1939.11 Details of the regiment were placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'The Rocky Mountain Rangers, CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.12 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.13
The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, The Rocky Mountain Rangers, CASF' for active service on 1 January 1941.14 It was redesignated: '1st Canadian Infantry Training Battalion, Type A (Rocky Mountain Rangers), CASF' on 1 November 1944;15 and 'No. 9 Canadian Repatriation Depot, Type "T"' on 5 July 1945.16 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 18th Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Division17 and took part in the expedition to Kiska, Alaska as a component of the 13th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group, serving there from 16 August 1943 to 12 January 1944.18 It embarked for Britain on 25 May 1944.19 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 28 January 1946.20
1. GO 59/08; GO 64/08; and/et GO123/08. Formed from three independent rifle companies of the Rocky Mountain Rangers, and one new company, authorized on the following dates: 'A Company' (Rossland Rifle Company, 1 July 1898), 'B Company' (Nelson Rifle Company, 1 July 1898), the newly authorized 'C Company' at Nelson, and 'D Company' (Kaslo Rifle Company, 1 July 1898) / Formé de trois compagnies de voltigeurs indépendantes et d'une nouvelle compagnie, autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « A Company » (Rossland Rifle Company, 1er juillet 1898), « B Company » (Nelson Rifle Company, 1er juillet 1898), la nouvellement autorisée « C Company » à Nelson, et « D Company » (Kaslo Rifle Company, 1er juillet 1898).
2. GO 73/09; and/ et GO 75/09. The independent companies at Kamloops and Revelstoke were amalgamated with the regiment and redesignated 'E' and 'F' companies, respectively / Les compagnies indépendantes à Kamloops et à Revelstoke furent amalgamées avec le régiment et furent baptisées respectivement compagnies « E » et « F ».
3. MO 61/20.
4. GO 44/41; and/ et GO 42/41.
5. GO 400/45.
6. GO 130/14.
7. GO 69/16.
8. CEF Sailing List, vol. IX.
9. CRO 95/16; and/ et CRO 198/17.
10. GO 82/18.
11. GO 124/39.
12. GO 135/39.
13. GO 44/41.
14. GO 44/41; and/ et GO 42/41.
16. GO 78/45.
17. GO 43/46. Amalgamated with 'Headquarters, 1st Canadian Infantry Training Regiment' and '1st Canadian Infantry Depot Battalion' / Il se fusionna avec le « Headquarters, 1st Canadian Infantry Training Regiment » et le « 1st Canadian Infantry Depot Battalion ».
18. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), p. 538.
19. Ibid, pp. 502-505; and/et Vincent Bezeau, The Rocky Mountain Rangers: The First Hundred Years , 1908-2008 (Kamloops, 2008), pp. 236-290 . Upon landing, the Japanese were found to have previously evacuated the island / Lors du débarquement, l'on découvrit que les Japonais avaient déjà quitté l'île.
20. Document Collection/ Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-68) Rocky Mountain Rangers, Box/ boîte 3, Folder/ chemise 57.
21. GO 85/46.
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