Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

VOLTIGEURS DE QUEBEC

Les Voltigeurs de Québec Badge

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BADGE

Description

The arms of Salaberry (Per pale dexter per fess in chief Or a lion rampant Gules, in base Or two cows passant in pale Gules armed collared and belled Azure, sinister Gules a cross bottony Or, a bordure Azure charged with eight saltires couped Or) within an annulus Vert fimbriated and inscribed VOLTIGEURS DE QUEBEC in letters Argent, all surmounting the cross of the Order of St. Louis Argent, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and above a scroll Argent inscribed with the Motto in letters Gules

Symbolism

The Crown represents service to the Sovereign. The Voltigeurs Canadiens (1812-1815), who were organized as a temporary British Army regular unit and commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry for service during the War of 1812, had the reputation of repeatedly repulsing superior American forces. His son, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles René-Léonidas de Salaberry, was the first commanding officer of the regiment when it was formed in 1862. The badge, incorporating the arms and motto "FORCE À SUPERBE MERCY À FOIBLE"" of the family of d'Irumberry de Salaberry, was adopted in 1892 in recognition of this family's services to the military of Canada and the regiment. The Order of St. Louis, instituted by King Louis XIV of France in 1693, was a notable honour in New France. "VOLTIGEURS DE QUEBEC" is a form of the regimental title.

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MOTTO

FORCE À SUPERBE MERCY À FOIBLE (Violence to the strong, mercy to the weak)

MARCH

"Les Voltigeurs de Québec"

ALLIANCE

British Army

The Yorkshire Regiment

Affiliation

HMCS Ville de Québec

BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; CHÂTEAUGUAY; CRYSLER’S FARM

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

North West Rebellion

NORTH WEST CANADA, 1885.

First World War

MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916; ARRAS, 1917; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; AMIENS.

Honorary Distinction

The Second World War badge of the Royal 22e Régiment for significantly reinforcing the regiment during the Italian campaign.

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LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 7 March 1862 and incorporates the following regiments.

Les Voltigeurs de Québec originated in Quebec City, Quebec on 7 March 1862, when 'The 9th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles, Canada (or "Voltigeurs of Quebec") were authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '9th Regiment "Voltigeurs de Québec"' on 8 May 1900;2 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec' on 29 March 1920;3 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec' on 10 May 1941;4 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Reserve)' on 15 September 1944;5 and 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Motor)' on 1 April 1946.6 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with 'Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses)' (see below) and redesignated 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Mitrailleuses)'.7 It was redesignated 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec' on 11 April 1958.8 On 22 February 1965, it was amalgamated with 'The Royal Rifles of Canada'.9 The two regiments ceased to be amalgamated on 1 November 1966.10

Notes:

Upon redesignation as Les Voltigeurs de Québec on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (41st Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle

On 15 June 1920, the 1st Battalion was redesignated the 1st Battalion (57th Battalion, CEF) (GO 95/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

Les Voltigeurs de Québec were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses) originated in St. Ambroise, Quebec on 9 April 1869, when 'The Provisional Battalion of "Quebec"' was authorized to be formed.11 It was redesignated: '87th "Quebec" Battalion of Infantry' on 27 May 1881;12 '87th Quebec Regiment' on 8 May 1900;13 'Le Régiment de Québec' on 29 March 1920;14 'Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses)' on 15 December 1936;15 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses)' on 18 March 1942;16 and 'Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses)' on 22 December 1945.17 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec (Motor)', as above.

Notes:

Upon redesignation as Le Régiment de Québec on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

Le Régiment de Québec was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

‘6th Battalion, Select Embodied Militia’, ‘Provincial Corps of Light Infantry (Canadian Voltigeurs)’, ‘1st and 2nd Battalions (City of Quebec) (1812-15)’, ‘Beauport Division (1812-15)’, '57th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'

Headquarters Location

Quebec City, Quebec

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

Fenian Raids

The Voltigeurs of Quebec were called out on active service on 8 March 1866. The battalion was removed from active service on 31 March 1866.18

North West Rebellion

Les Voltigeurs de Québec, which were mobilized for active service on 10 April 1885,19 served in the Alberta Column of the North West Field Force.20 The battalion was removed from active service on 24 July 1885.21

The First World War

The 9th Regiment "Voltigeurs de Québec" were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.22

Details of the 87th Quebec Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.23

The 57th Battalion, which was authorized on 20 April 1915 as the '57th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',24 embarked for Britain on 2 June 1916.25 On 8 June 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the '69th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF' to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field.26 The battalion was disbanded on 11 April 1918.27

The Second World War

Details of Les Voltigeurs de Québec were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF (Details)' for local protection duties.28 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.29 Details of the regiment were again called out on service on 1 January 1941, under the designation 'Details of 1st (Reserve) Battalion, 'Les Voltigeurs de Québec'.30 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 5 April 1941.31

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF' for active service on 10 May 1941.32 It was converted to armour and redesignated the '24th Army Tank Battalion (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF' on 26 January 1942.33 It was redesignated: '24th Reconnaissance Battalion (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF' on 22 May 1942;34 and '24th Reconnaissance Regiment (Les Voltigeurs de Québec), CAC, CASF' on 8 June 1942.35 On 16 January 1943, it was reconverted to infantry and redesignated the '1st Battalion, Les Voltigeurs de Québec, CASF'.36 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 17th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Division.37 It embarked for Britain on 23 July 1943,38 where it provided reinforcements to units of the Canadian Corps in the field.39 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1943.40

Details of Le Régiment de Québec were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'Le Régiment de Québec (Mitrailleuses), CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.41 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.42

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, Le Régiment de Québec, CASF' for active service on 18 March 1942.43 This unit served in Canada and in a home defence role as part of the 15th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Division and in Newfoundland on garrison duty.44 The battalion was disbanded on 22 December 1945.45

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COLOURS

Rifle regiments do not carry Colours. They may emblazon their battle honours on unit appointments such as cap badges or shoulder pouch belt plates.

CAMP FLAG

Les Voltigeurs de Québec


1. MGO 7 Mar 62. Formé de six compagnies indépendantes de voltigeurs autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (The 3rd Volunteer Rifle Company of Quebec, 6 décembre 1861); « No. 2 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company, at Quebec, 13 février 1862); « No. 3 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company, at Quebec, 22 janvier 1862); « No. 4 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company, at Quebec, 28 février 1862); « No. 5 Company » (The Highland Volunteer Rifle Company of Quebec, 7 mars 1862); et « No. 6 Company » (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company, at Quebec, 7 mars 1862) /Formed from six independent rifle companies authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (The 3rd Volunteer Rifle Company of Quebec, 6 December 1861); 'No. 2 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company, at Quebec, 13 February 1862); 'No. 3 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company, at Quebec, 22 January 1862); 'No. 4 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company, at Quebec, 28 February 1862); 'No. 5 Company' (The Highland Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Quebec, 7 March 1862); and 'No. 6 Company' (Volunteer Militia Rifle Company, at Quebec, 7 March 1862).

2 MO 105/1900.

3 MO 96/20.

4 GO 42/41; et/and GO 155/41.

5 GO 402/44.

6 GO 115/46.

7 CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 420/55.

8 CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 596/58.

9 SD 1 Letter No. 64/66; et/and Message, QUECOM G 3564, 221800Z SEP 65. OGC du Commandement du Québec voulait recommander un titre d'unité au QGFC / GOC Quebec Command was to recommend a unit title, to CFHQ.

10 CFOO/OOFC 66/13.

11 MGO 9 Apr 69. Formé de quatre compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (Infantry Company at Charlesbourg, 18 décembre 1868); « No. 2 Company » (Infantry Company at Ancienne Lorette, 8 janvier 1868); « No. 3 Company » (Infantry Company at St. Ambroise, 6 février 1869); and « No. 4 Company » (Infantry Company at Ste. Foye, 6 février 1869) /Formed from four independent infantry companies authorized on the following dates: « No. 1 Company » (Infantry Company at Charlesbourg, 18 December 1868); « No. 2 Company » (Infantry Company at Ancienne Lorette, 8 January 1868); « No. 3 Company » (Infantry Company at St. Ambroise, 6 February 1869); and « No. 4 Company » (Infantry Company at Ste. Foye, 6 February 1869).

12 MGO 12/81.

13 MO 105/1900.

14 MO 96/20.

15 GO 204/36.

16 GO 42/41; et/and GO 147/42.

17 GO 92/46; et/and GO 400/45.

18 MGO 1 June 66; et/and MGO 22 June 66.

19 MGO 8/85.

20 General Sir Frederick Middleton, Suppression of the Rebellion in the North West Territories of Canada 1885, (Toronto, 1948), p. 42.

21 MGO 16/85.

22 GO 142/14.

23 GO 163/14.

24 GO 103a/15.

25 CEF Sailing List, vol. III. L'unité envoya également un contingent de renforts outre-mer le 21 juillet 1915 /The unit also sent a reinforcing draft overseas on 21 July 1915.

26 Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 57th Battalion, Collection de documents/Document Collection 672, séries/Series IV, boîte/Box 12, chemise/Folder 57.

27 GO 82/18.

28 GO 124/39; et/and GO 135/39.

29 GO 44/41.

30 GO 44/41; GO 42/41; et/and GO 125/39.

31 GO 337/43.

32 GO 155/41.

33 GO 132/42.

34 GO 248/42.

35 GO 455/42.

36 GO 106/43.

37 Colonel C.P. Stacey, Histoire officiel de la participation de l'Armée canadienne à la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Volume 1, Six Années de guerre (Ottawa, 1955), p. 557.

38 Jacques Castonguay, Les Voltigeurs de Québec - Premier régiment canadien-français, (Québec, 1987), p. 360.

39 Ibid, pp. 361 à 374.

40 GO 89/44.

41 GO 124/39; et/and GO 135/39.

42 GO 44/41.

43 GO 147/42.

44 Colonel C.P. Stacey, Histoire officiel de la participation de l'Armée canadienne à la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Volume 1, Six Années de guerre (Ottawa, 1955), p. 557; et/and Collection de documents/Document Collection 92/252, (3-6-61) Les Voltigeurs de Québec, boîte/Box 38, chemise/Folder 6.

45 GO 92/46.

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