Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments
VICTORIA RIFLES OF CANADA
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On a compass rose Sable a plate charged with the letters VRC Gules and encircled by an annulus Sable edged and inscribed PRO ARIS ET FOCIS in letters Argent and ensigned by the Royal Crown proper.
The use of a star shape and the Royal Crown was common among regimental badges at the time of formation of the Victoria Rifles of Canada.
PRO ARIS ET FOCIS (For the altars and for the hearths)
"Huntsmen's Chorus" and "Lutzow's Wild Hunt"
South African War
SOUTH AFRICA, 1899-1900.
The First World War
YPRES, 1915, '17; FESTUBERT, 1915; MOUNT SORREL; SOMME, 1916, '18; Flers-Courcelette; Thiepval; Ancre Heights; ARRAS, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; ARLEUX; Scarpe, 1917, '18; HILL 70; Passchendaele; AMIENS; HINDENBURG LINE; Canal du Nord; Cambrai, 1918; PURSUIT TO MONS; FRANCE AND FLANDERS, 1915 18.
This Reserve Force regiment originated in Montréal, Quebec on 22 January 1862, when 'The 3rd Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles Canada' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated: '3rd Battalion "The Victoria Volunteer Rifles of Montreal"' on 18 July 1862;2 '3rd Battalion "Victoria Rifles of Canada"' on 5 December 1879;3 '3rd Regiment "Victoria Rifles of Canada"' on 8 May 1900;4 'The Victoria Rifles of Canada' on 29 March 1920;5 'Victoria Rifles of Canada' on 15 November 1934;6 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Victoria Rifles of Canada' on 7 November 1941;7 and 'Victoria Rifles of Canada' on 1 June 1945.8 It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 5 March 1965.9
Upon redesignation as The Victoria Rifles of Canada on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a three battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (24th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (60th Battalion, CEF) and 3rd Battalion (244th Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).
The Victoria Rifles of Canada were disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 15 September 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.
On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" (CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 245/51 and SD 1 Letter No. 4237, 5 May 1951). "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the '1st Canadian Rifle Battalion' for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (SD 1 Letter No. 4365, 12 November 1951). It was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53). "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed '2nd Canadian Rifle Battalion' for service in Korea with the United Nations (SD 1 Letter No. 4452, 22 April 1952 and CAO 110-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 283/52). "F" Company was disbanded on 29 July 1953 (CAO 78-2, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 352/53).
'24th', '60th' and '244th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'
The battalion was called out on active service on 8 March 1866. It served on the South-eastern frontier and was removed from active service on 31 March 1866.10
The battalion was called out on active service on 24 May 1870. It fought on the South-eastern frontier and was removed from active service on 24 June 1870.11
South African War
The regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian contingents in the field, mainly the « 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry ».12
The First World War
Details of the regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.13
The 24th Battalion, which was authorized on 7 November 1914 as the '24th Battalion, CEF',14 embarked for Great Britain on 11 May 1915.15 It disembarked in France on 16 September 1915, where it fought as part of the 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war.16 The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.17
The 60th Battalion, which was authorized on 20 April 1915 as the '60th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',18 embarked for Great Britain on 4 November 1915.19 It disembarked in France on 21 February 1916, where it fought as part of the 9th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until 30 April 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the '5th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF' and the '87th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF'.20 The battalion was disbanded on 15 August 1918.21
The 244th Battalion, which was authorized on 17 July 1917 as the '244th "Overseas" Battalion, CEF',22 embarked for Great Britain on 28 March 1917.23 Its personnel were absorbed by the '23rd Reserve Battalion, CEF' on 21 April 1917 to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field.24 The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.25
The Second World War
The regiment was called out on service for local protection duties on 26 August 1939.26 Details of the regiment were also mobilized for active service under the designation 'Victoria Rifles of Canada, CASF (Details)' on 1 September 1939.27 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 194028 and the regiment mobilized an active service unit designated 'The Victoria Rifles of Canada, CASF' on 24 May 1940.29 It was redesignated '1st Battalion, The Victoria Rifles of Canada, CASF' on 7 November 1940.30 It served in Canada, and in Newfoundland from November 1940 to September 1941 on garrison duty as part of the 17th Infantry Brigade, 7th Canadian Division.31 It embarked for Great Britain on 20 November 1944.32 The battalion was disbanded on 21 November 1944, to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Army in the field .33
Rifle regiments do not carry Colours. They may emblazon their battle honours on unit appointments such as cap badges.
No camp flag recorded.
1. MGO 22 Jan 62. Formed from six independent rifle companies authorized on 10 January 1862: 'The 1st', 'The 2nd', 'The 3rd', 'The 4th', 'The 5th', and 'The 6th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal' / Formé de six compagnies indépendantes de voltigeurs autorisées le 10 janvier 1862 : « The 1st », « The 2nd », « The 3rd », « The 4th », « The 5th » et « The 6th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal » / Formé de six compagnies de voltigeurs indépendants autorisées le 10 janvier 1862 : « The 1st », « The 2nd », « The 3rd », « The 4th », « The 5th », et « 6th Volunteer Militia Rifle Company of Montreal ».
2. MGO 18 Jul 62.
3. MGO 30/79.
4. MO 105/1900.
5. MO 95/20.
6. GO 93/34.
7. GO 42/41.
8. GO 264/45.
9. SD 1 Letter No. 64/65; and/et Message, QUECOM, G 3564, 221800Z Sep 65.
10. MGO 8 Mar 66; and/et MGO 31 Mar 66.
11. Adjutant General of the Militia Annual Report reprinted in Report of the State of the Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Year 1870 (Ottawa, 1871), pp. 72, 74 and 77 / Rapport de l'Adjudant Général de la Milice imprimé à nouveau dans le « Report of the State of the Militia of the Dominion of Canada for the Year 1870 » (Ottawa, 1971), pp. 72, 74 et 77; and/et MGO 29/1879.
12. GO 60/33.
13. GO 142/14.
14. GO 36/15.
15. CEF Sailing List, vol. II.
16. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 24th Battalion, 16 September 1915/16 septembre 1915, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series 111-D-3, Vol. 4931, File/dossier 414.
17. GO 149/20.
18. GO 103a/15.
19. CEF Sailing List, vol. III. The unit also sent a reinforcing draft overseas on 27 August 1915 / L'unité envoya également un contingent en renfort outre-mer le 27 août 1915.
20. War Diary/Journaux de guerre, 60th Battalion, 21 February 1915/21 février 1916, and/et Operation Order No. 105, 29 April 1917/29 avril 1917, LAC/BAC, RG/GE 9, Series 111-D-3, Vol. 4942, File/dossier 447.v
21. GO 101/18.
22. GO 69/17.
23. CEF Sailing List, vol. XI.
24. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 244th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries IV, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 244.v
25. GO 89/17.
26. GO 124/39.
27. GO 135/39.
28. GO 44/41.v
29. GO 184/40; and/et GO 50/41.
30. GO 42/41.
31. Colonel C.P. Stacey, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume 1, Six Years of War (Ottawa, 1955), p. 537; and/et Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-60) Victoria Rifles of Canada, box/boîte 38, file/dossier 5.
32. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-60) Victoria Rifles of Canada, box/boîte 38, file/dossier 5.
33. GO 157/45.
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