Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments

THE WEST NOVA SCOTIA REGIMENT

The West Nova Scotia Regiment Badge

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BADGE

Description

Argent on an escutcheon Argent fimbriated Or a saltire Azure between in chief a church on a mount, in base a schooner proper set on barry wavy Argent and Azure, and in the flanks two mayflowers leaved proper, all within an annulus Azure edged and inscribed WEST NOVA SCOTIA REGIMENT and SEMPER FIDELIS in letters Or, ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and resting upon a scroll Azure edged and inscribed CANADA, the whole surmounting a mullet of eight points Or.

Symbolism

The crown represents service to the Sovereign. The shield includes several symbols of Nova Scotia. The saltire or cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, refers to the province's Scottish heritage; the mayflower is the province's floral emblem; the schooner, inspired by the famous Bluenose, symbolizes the sea-faring communities of the South shore, and the church represents the memorial church at Grand-Pré and thus the Annapolis Valley in general and the province's Acadian heritage. "WEST NOVA SCOTIA REGIMENT" is a form of the regimental title and "SEMPER FIDELIS" is the motto of the regiment.

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MOTTO

SEMPER FIDELIS (Always faithful)

MARCH

Quick March

"God Bless the Prince of Wales"

Slow March

"Garb of Old Gaul"

ALLIANCE

British Army

Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

BATTLE HONOURS

The War of 1812

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

The First World War

ARRAS, 1917, '18; HILL 70; YPRES, 1917; AMIENS; HINDENBURG LINE; PURSUIT TO MONS.

The Second World War

LANDING IN SICILY; Valguarnera; ADRANO; Catenanuovo; Centuripe; SICILY, 1943; Landing at Reggio; Potenza; Gambatesa; THE SANGRO; Castel di Sangro; The Gully; CASSINO II; Gustav Line; LIRI VALLEY; Hitler Line; Melfa Crossing; GOTHIC LINE; LAMONE CROSSING; RIMINI LINE; San Martino-San Lorenzo; San Fortunato; Savio Bridgehead; ITALY, 1943-1945; Apeldoorn; NORTH- WEST EUROPE, 1945.

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LINEAGE

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 8 October 1869 and incorporates the following regiments.

The West Nova Scotia Regiment originated in Paradise, Nova Scotia on 8 October 1869, when 'The First Regiment of Annapolis County Volunteers' was authorized to be formed.1 It was redesignated the '69th The 1st Regiment of Annapolis County' on 5 November 1869.2 On 1 September 1898, it was amalgamated with 'The 72nd or Second Annapolis Battalion of Volunteer Militia' (see below) and redesignated the '69th "Annapolis" Battalion of Infantry'.3 It was redesignated: '69th Annapolis Regiment' on 8 May 1900;4 and 'The Annapolis Regiment' on 29 March 1920.5 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Lunenburg Regiment' (see below) and redesignated 'The West Nova Scotia Regiment'.6 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The West Nova Scotia Regiment' on 7 November 1940;7 'The West Nova Scotia Regiment' on 1 November 1945;8 'The West Nova Scotia Regiment (Machine Gun)' on 1 October 1954;9 and 'The West Nova Scotia Regiment' on 11 April 1958.10

Notes:

Upon redesignation as The Annapolis Regiment on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (112th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Annapolis Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 March 1922 and reorganized the same day (GO 101/22). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Annapolis Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 205/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 72nd or Second Annapolis Battalion of Volunteer Militia originated in Wilmot, Nova Scotia on 14 January 1870, when 'The 72nd or Second Annapolis Battalion of Volunteer Militia' was authorized to be formed.11 On 1 September 1898, it was amalgamated with the '69th The 1st Regiment of Annapolis County', as above.

The Lunenburg Regiment originated in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia on 12 August 1870, when the '75th Lunenburg Battalion of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.12 It was redesignated: '75th Lunenburg Regiment' on 8 May 1900;13 and 'The Lunenburg Regiment' on 29 March 1920.14 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'The Annapolis Regiment', as above.

Notes:

Upon redesignation as The Lunenburg Regiment on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (219th Battalion, CEF) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion (no CEF designation) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Lunenburg Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 1 May 1923 and reorganized the same day (GO 121/23). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The Lunenburg Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 205/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Perpetuations

‘1st and 2nd Battalions, East Annapolis Regiment (1812-15)’, ‘1st and 2nd Battalions, King’s County Regiment (1812-15)’, ‘1st and 2nd Battalions, West Annapolis Regiment (1812-15)’, '112th' and '219th "Overseas" Battalion(s), CEF'

Headquarters Location

Aldershot, Nova Scotia

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OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The First World War

Details of the 69th Annapolis Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.15

Details of the 75th Lunenburg Regiment were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.16

The 112th Battalion, which was authorized on 22 December 1915 as the '112th "Overseas" Infantry Battalion', CEF,17 embarked for Great Britain on 23 July 1916.18 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 7 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the '26th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.19 The battalion was disbanded on 15 August 1918.20

The 219th Battalion, which was authorized on 15 July 1916 as the '219th "Overseas" Infantry Battalion', CEF,21 embarked for Great Britain on 12 October 1916.22 It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 23 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the '17th Reserve Battalion, CEF'.23 The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1917.24

The Second World War

The regiment mobilized 'The West Nova Scotia Regiment, CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.25 The unit embarked for Great Britain on 21 December 1939.26 It was redesignated the '1st Battalion, The West Nova Scotia Regiment, CASF' on 7 November 1940.27 It landed in Sicily on 10 July 1943, and in Italy on 3 September 1943, as part of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division.28 On 19 March 1945, the battalion moved with the 1st Canadian Corps to North West Europe, where it fought until the end of the war.29 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1945.30

On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force component of the regiment was mobilized for service in the Pacific theatre of operations under the designation '3rd Canadian Infantry Battalion (The West Nova Scotia Regiment), CASF'.31 The battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1945.32

REGIMENTAL COLOUR

The West Nova Scotia Regiment

CAMP FLAG

The West Nova Scotia Regiment


1. MGO 8 Oct 69. Formed from seven independent infantry companies, authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (No. 1 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 23 April 1869), 'No. 2 Company' (No. 2 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 23 April 1869), 'No. 3 Company' (No. 3 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 23 April 1869), 'No. 4 Company' (No. 4 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 23 April 1869), 'No. 5 Company' (No. 5 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 10 September 1869), 'No. 6 Company' (No. 6 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 10 September 1869), and 'No. 7 Company' (No.7 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 10 September 1869) / Formé de sept compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie, autorisées selon les dates suivantes :« No. 1 Company » (No. 1 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 23 avril 1869), « No. 2 Company » (No. 2 Infantry Company at Annapolis,23 avril 1869), « No. 3 Company » (No. 3 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 23 avril 1869), « No. 4 Company » (No. 4 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 23 avril 1869), « No. 5 Company » (No. 5 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 10 septembre 1869), « No. 6 Company » (No. 6 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 10 septembre 1869) et « No. 7 Company » (No. 7 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 10 septembre 1869).

2. MGO 5 Nov 69.

3. GO 91/98.

4. MO 105/1900.

5. MO 97/20.

6. GO 205/36.

7. GO 42/41.

8. GO 425/45; and/et GO 400/45.

9. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 415/54.

10. CAO 76-3, Pt 'B', Supp Issue No. 596/58.

11. GO 14 Jan. Formed from one detached infantry company and five independent infantry companies, authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (No. 6 Company, 69th The 1st Regiment of Annapolis County - No. 6 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 10 September 1869), 'No. 2 Company' (No. 8 Infantry Company, "Wilmot", 8 October 1869), 'No. 3 Company' (No. 9 "Wilmot" Infantry Company, 22 October 1869), 'No. 4 Company' (No. 10 Infantry Company, "Middleton", 5 November 1869), 'No. 5 Company' (No. 11 Infantry Company, "Farmington", 5 November 1869), and 'No. 6 Company' (No. 12 Infantry Company, "Nictaux", 5 November 1869) / Formé d'une compagnie d'infanterie détachés et cinq compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie, autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (No. 6 Company, 69th The 1st Regiment of Annapolis County - No. 6 Infantry Company at Annapolis, 10 septembre 1869), « No. 2 Company » (No. 8 Infantry Company, "Wilmot", 8 octobre 1869), « No. 3 Company » (No. 9 "Wilmot" Infantry Company, 22 octobre 1869), « No. 4 Company » (No. 10 Infantry Company, "Middleton", 5 novembre 1869), « No. 5 Company » (No. 11 Infantry Company "Farmington", 5 novembre 1869), et « No. 6 Company » (No. 12 Infantry Company, "Nictaux", 5 novembre 1869).

12. MGO 24/70. Formed from six independent infantry companies, authorized on the following dates: 'No. 1 Company' (No. 1 Infantry Company at Lunenburg, 5 March 1869), 'No. 2 Company' (No. 2 Infantry Company at Lunenburg, 5 March 1869), 'No. 3 Company' (No. 3 Infantry Company at Lunenburg, 5 March 1869), 'No. 4 Company' ( Infantry Company at Mahone Bay, 5 March 1869), 'No. 5 Company' (Infantry Company at Martin's River, 5 March 1869), and 'No. 6 Company' (No. 4 Infantry Company, "New Ross", 8 October 1869) / Formé de six compagnies indépendantes d'infanterie, autorisées selon les dates suivantes : « No. 1 Company » (No. 1 Infantry Company at Lunenburg, 5 mars 1869), « No. 2 Company » (No. 2 Infantry Company at Lunenburg, 5 mars 1869), « No. 3 Company » (No. 3 Infantry Company at Lunenburg, 5 mars 1869), « No. 4 Company » (Infantry Company at Mahone Bay, 5 mars 1869), « No. 5 Company » (Infantry Company at Martin's River, 5 mars 1869), et « No. 6 Company » (No. 4 Infantry Company, "New Ross", 8 octobre 1869).

13. MO 105/1900.

14. MO 97/20.

15. GO 163/14.

16. GO 163/14.

17. GO 151/15.

18. CEF Sailing List, vol. VI.

19. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 112th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 12, Folder/chemise 112.

20. GO 101/18.

21. GO 69/16.

22. CEF Sailing List, vol. X.

23. Edwin Pye Papers, Summary of History of C.E.F. Units - 219th Battalion, Document Collection/Collection de documents 74/672, Series/séries VI, Box/boîte 13, Folder/chemise 219.

24. GO 82/18.

25. GO 135/39.

26. Document Collection/Collection de documents 92/252, (3-6-63)The West Nova Scotia Regiment, Box/boîte 38, Folder/chemise 8.

27. GO 42/41.

28. Thomas H. Raddall, West Novas, (n.p., 1947), passim; and/et G.W.L. Nicholson, Official History of the Canadian Army in the Second World War, Volume II. The Canadians in Italy, 1943-1945 (Ottawa, 1957), passim.

29. Ibid; and/et Colonel C.P. Stacey, The Victory Campaign: The Operations in North-West Europe 1944-1945, (Ottawa, 1966), passim.

30. GO 85/46.

31. GO 241/45.

32. GO 425/45. The Canadian units formed for the Pacific theatre of operations were organized and equipped the same as the American army. The battalion was part of the '3rd Canadian Infantry Regiment' / Les unités canadiennes du théâtre des opérations du Pacifique furent organisées et équipées de la même façon que l'Armée américaine. Le bataillon servit en tant que composante du « 3rd Canadian Infantry Regiment ».

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