Volume 4: Operational Flying Squadrons

413 Transport and Rescue Squadron

413 Transport and Rescue Squadron Badge

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BADGE

Description

Argent in front of an autumnal maple leaf an elephant's head affronté caboshed proper.

Significance

The elephant head represents the squadron's operations from Ceylon, while the motto suggests its original role.

MOTTO

PAD VIGILAMUS UNDIS (We watch the waves)

BATTLE HONOURS

The Second World War

ATLANTIC, 1941-1943; CEYLON, 1942; EASTERN WATERS,1942-1944.

LINEAGE

Authorized 13 July 1940 and incorporates the following units.

13 Squadron

Authorized as 'No.13 (Operational Training) Squadron' 13 July 1940,1 from the 'Seaplane and Bomber Reconnaissance School' (authorized 1 May 1940).2
Disbanded 9 November 1942.3
Reformed as 'Photographic Flight' 14 January 1943.4
Redesignated 'No.13 (Photographic) Squadron', unofficially on 15 May 1944,5 and then, officially on 15 November 1946.6
Redesignated '413 (Photographic) Squadron' 1 April 1947, see below.7

413 Squadron

Authorized as '413 (General Reconnaissance) Squadron' 1 July 1941.8
Disbanded 18 February 1945.9
Reformed as '413 (Photographic) Squadron' 1 April 1947 from 'No.13 (Photographic) Squadron', as detailed above.
Redesignated '413 (Survey Transport) Squadron' 1 April 1949.10
Disbanded 1 November 1950.11
Reformed as '413 All Weather Squadron' 1 August 1951.12
Redesignated '413 Fighter Squadron' 7 December 1951.13
Redesignated '413 All Weather Fighter Squadron' 1 May 1957.14
Disbanded 30 December 1961.15
Reformed as '413 Rescue Squadron' 18 July 1968, from '103 Rescue Unit' (authorized 1 April 1947),16 see below.
Redesignated '413 Transport and Rescue Squadron' 31 August 1970.17

103 Rescue Unit

Authorized as '103 Search and Rescue Flight' 1 April 1947.19
Redesignated '103 Rescue Unit' 1 July 1950.20
Redesignated '413 Rescue Squadron' 18 July 1968, as above.

Note

No lineal connection with '13 Squadron' of 1937. See 113 Squadron.

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The Second World War

413 Squadron flew reconnaissance and anti-submarine operations over the North Atlantic under 'Coastal Command' until transferred to 'South East Asia Command'. Stationed in Ceylon, it made reconnaissance flights over the Indian Ocean until 1945 when it was transferred to 'Bomber Command'.21 13 Squadron served as a training squadron on the Pacific Coast, and then as a photographic squadron in Ottawa.22

SQUADRON STANDARD

413 Transport and Rescue Squadron

1. Organizational Order No 55, 30 August 1940, file/dossier 1018-1-8, RCAF Diaries, microfilm 96

2. Samuel Kostenuk and John Griffin, RCAF Squadron Histories and Aircraft 1924-1968 (Toronto, 1977), p.36

3. Letter to Secretary Department of National Defence, 26 July 1940, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, vol 4950, file/dossier HQ 895-9/13

4. Letter to Secretary Department of National Defence, 26 July 1940, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, vol 4950, file/dossier HQ 895-9/13

5. D.J. Baker, A History of 413 Squadron (Burnstown, ON, 1997), p.59; Samuel Kostenuk and John Griffin, RCAF Squadron Histories and Aircraft 1924-1968 (Toronto, 1977), p.36

6. Organization Order 768, 15 November 1946, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, vol 4950, file/dossier HQ 895-9/13 vol 2

7. Organization Order 843, 17 February 1947, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3023, file/dossier 192-10-9/13 (DOE)

8. AFRO 1296/45, Appendix "B"; Loose minute/Note d'accompagnement 9722/D of O, 25 June 1941, Kardex 181.006 (D314)

9. Information Memorandum No 131, 14 June 1945, file/dossier S.2-3-413, Kardex 181.006 (D314)

10. Organization Order 70/49, 7 May 1949, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3023, file/dossier 192-10-9/13 (DOE)

11. Organization Order 57/50, 13 September 1950, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3023, file/dossier 895-9/413 (DOE)

12. Organization Order 33/51, 12 June 1951, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3023, file/dossier 895-9/413 (DOE)

13. Letter/lettre - Organization - Change of Squadron Number - 413 (F) Sqn, 7 December 1951, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3023, filedossier 895-9/413 (DOE)

14. Organization Order 2.5.2, 20 February 1957, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3023, file/dossier 895-9/413 (DOE)

15. Organization Order 2.5.2, 23 November 1961, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte /dossier 895-9/413 (DOE)

16. CFOO/OOFC 8.8(L), 18 July/juillet 1968, file/dossier F1901-4363/413 (DO)

17. CFOO/OOFC 8.8(L), 31 August/août 1970, file/dossier F 1901-2557 (DO)

18. CFOO/OOFC 2.8.8, 9 September/septembre 1977, file/dossier 1901-2557 (DMCO)

19. Organization Order 856, 17 February 1947, file/dossier 192-10-63/103 (DOE), RCAF Diaries, microfilm 259

20. Organization Order 22/50, 10 July 1950, file/dossier 895-63/103 (DOE), RCAF Diaries, microfilm 259

21. Order of Detail No 9, 21 July 1941, no file number/aucun numéro de dossier, Kardex 181.006 (314); Organization Circular No 12, 29 March 1945, file/dossier BC/S.27478/Org, Kardex 181.009 (D915); Loose minute/Note d'accompagnement 793/D of O, 24 February 1942, Kardex 181.006 (D314); Organization Circular No 12, 29 January 1945, file/dossier BC/S.27478/Org, Kardex 181.009 (D915); AFHS, "413 Squadron", PRF/DRP RS7 413

22. Statement and Organization Charts for the Home and Overseas War and BCATP Organization, 15 April 1942, file/dossier S.8202, Kardex 181.002 (D421); D.J. Baker, A History of 413 Squadron (Burnstown, ON, 1997), p.59; Samuel Kostenuk and John Griffin, RCAF Squadron Histories and Aircraft 1924-1968 (Toronto, 1977), p.36

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