Volume 4: Operational Flying Squadrons

401 Helicopter Operational Training Squadron

401 Helicopter Operational Training Squadron Badge

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BADGE

Description

Argent a rocky mountain sheep's head Sable horned Or caboshed.

Significance

The mountain sheep, indigenous to many parts of Canada, is known for its great stamina and fighting power.

MOTTO

MORS CELERRIMA HOSTIBUS (Very swift death for the enemy)

BATTLE HONOURS

The Second World War

BATTLE OF BRITAIN, 1940; DEFENCE OF BRITAIN, 1940-1944; ENGLISH CHANNEL AND NORTH SEA, 1942; FORTRESS EUROPE, 1941-1944; Dieppe; FRANCE AND GERMANY, 1944-1945; Normandy, 1944; Arnhem; Rhine.

LINEAGE

Authorized as '1 Squadron, CAF' from '81 Squadron (Canadian), RAF' about 20 November 1918.1
Disbanded 28 January 1920.2
Reformed as 'No.1 (Operations) Squadron' 1 April 1925.3
Redesignated 'No.1 Squadron (Training)' 1 April 1927.4
Disbanded 1 July 1927 on transfer to the non-military Directorate of Civil Government Air Operations.5
Reformed as 'No. 1 (Fighter) Squadron' 1 November 1935.6
Redesignated 'Fighter Flight' under '3 (Bomber) Squadron' in 1935.7
Redesignated '1 Fighter Squadron' 1 March 1937.8
Redesignated 'No.401 Squadron' 1 March 1941.9
Disbanded 23 June 1945.10
Reformed as '401 (Fighter) Squadron' 15 April 1946.11
Redesignated '401 "City of Westmount" (Fighter) Squadron' 4 September 1952.12
Redesignated '401 Squadron' 1 November 1958.13
Redesignated '401 Squadron (Auxiliary)'22 February 1964.14
Redesignated '401 Air Reserve Squadron' 1 January 1969.15
Redesignated '401 Helicopter Operational Training Squadron' 22 October 1991.17
Disbanded 1 January 1998.18

Note

No lineal connection with '1 Squadron' of 1943 and 1945. See 1 (Composite) Squadron.

OPERATIONAL HISTORY

The Second World War

The squadron flew in western Canada on air defence operations under 'Western Air Command'. After transfer overseas, it flew on fighter operations under 'Fighter Command' and the '2nd Tactical Air Force'. It was the first Canadian squadron to engage in combat against the Luftwaffe.19

SQUADRON STANDARD

401 Helicopter Operational Training Squadron

1. Memorandum/Note de service, HQ Overseas Military Forces of Canada to/à Major Gibson, Secretary Overseas Ministry of Canadian Forces, CAF/-18-2-3, 18 November 1918, NAC/AN, RG/GE 9 III, vol.80, series 10, 10-9-27 (vol.1); Memorandum to/Note de service à Brigadier-General H.F. McDonald, 19 November 1918, NAC/AN, RG/GE 9 III, vol.80, series 10, 10-9-27 (vol.1)

2. Samuel Kostenuk and John Griffin, RCAF Squadron Histories and Aircraft 1924-1968 (Toronto, 1977), p.8

3. GO 69/25

4. GO 65/27

5. Wing Commander F.H. Hitchins, Air Board Canadian Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force (Ottawa, 1972), p.188

6. GO 11/36

7. Letter/lettre, W/C W.R. Thompson, for/pour A.O.C. in C., RCAF Overseas Headquarters, to/à F/L J.E.L. Newbold, RCAF Operations Record Officer, AEAF, 3 October 1944, file/dossier S.47-1-1 (DAS), Kardex 181.003 (D1079)

8. AFRO 214/41

9. RCAF (Great Britain) Orders 84/41. Note: On 26 February 1941 No.1 Canadian Squadron was ordered redesignated as No.401 (Fighter) Squadron, but this order was rescinded on 1 March 1941/Le 26 février 1941 l'escadron, « No. 1 Canadian Squadron» a reçu l'ordre de changer sa désignation à «No. 401 (Fighter) Squadron», mais cet ordre a été révoqué le 1er mars 1941. RCAF (Great Britain) Orders 78/41; RCAF (Great Britain) Orders 86/41

10. Information Memorandum No 133, 19 June 1945, file/dossier S.2-3-401, Kardex 181.006 (D310)

11. Organization Order 704, 10 April 1946, file/dossier 192-10-9/401 (DOE) vol.1, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3047

12. Organization Order 66/52, 4 September 1952, file/dossier 895-64/401 (DOE), vol.1, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3047

13. Organization Order R.2.11.1, 16 June 1958, file/dossier 895-64/401 (DOE), vol 2, NAC/AN, RG/GE 24, Accn 83-84/216, box/boîte 3047

14. Organization Order R8.11.12, 27 January 1964, file/dossier 895-64/401 (DOE)

15. CFOO/OOFC 68/56, 12 December/décembre 1968, file/dossier 1901-280/W1-1 (DO)

16. CFOO/OOFC 2.100, 12 December/décembre1978, file/dossier 1901-260/0 (DMCO)

17. MOO/DMO 21/91

18. NDHQ Message/Message du QGDN, DEPR 003 161930Z Jan/jan 98, file/dossier 1901-7001 (DEPR 2-9). Authorization to disband the squadron was granted on 6 October 1997 by MOO 97015/L'autorisation de dissoudre l'escadron a été accordée le 6 octobre 1997 par le DMO97015

19. Order of Detail No.5, 31 Mar 41, Kardex 181.009 (D3565); Information Memorandum No 133, 19 June 45, file S.2-3-401, Kardex 181.006 (D310); Memorandum/Note de service, Notes for C.A.S., Appendix A, 12 Sep 39, DC 77/543; AFRO 1296/45, Appendix "B"; AFHS, “No.401 (City of Westmount) Auxiliary Fighter Squadron”, undated/sans date, PRF/DRP RS7 400

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