Directorate of History and Heritage
Welcome to the Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH) website of the Department of National Defence. DHH was founded in 1996, following the amalgamation of the National Defence History Directorate and the Directorate of Military Traditions and Heritage. The roots of our organization go all the way back to the First World War.
Even in the early stages of the Internet, the usefulness of this remarkable communication tool was obvious. From the very beginning, our vision was to make the DHH website an essential tool for Canadian researchers. We have established three goals in this regard: to keep our internal and external audiences informed about the various functions performed by DHH; to make available a maximum number of archives as well as works that have been published by our predecessors, but that are no longer available in book stores; and to provide any other relevant information. Anyone comparing what was available in 1996 with what is offered today will see a world of difference, not only in the quantity, but also in the quality of the information online, which is frequently updated.
DHH serves the Canadian people and the Canadian Forces. DHH enjoys significant credibility in Canada and around the world. The current site, which will more than meet people’s expectations, will add to that credibility with its reliability and the type of information it provides.
The War of 1812
Today in Canadian Military History
The first women nurses to serve overseas depart on the SS Sardinia with the 1st Canadian Contingent.
Major General William Otter is offered the appointment of officer commanding internment operations: he accepts the posting.
Private Cecil Kinross of the 49th Battalion charged a machine gun, killed the crew of six, and destroyed the gun near Passchendaele, Belgium to earn the Victoria Cross.
Actions by Major George Pearkes of the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles at Passchendaele earn him the Victoria Cross (October 30-31).
At Passchendaele, Major George Pearkes of the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles captured an enemy position, which enabled him to continue to advance toward his objective, and then to hold it with a small number of men, despite a wound in the thigh. For his actions Major Pearkes earned the Victoria Cross (October 30-31).
HMCS Galiano is lost, with all hands, in Barkley Sound, Vancouver Island.
Lieutenant Hugh McKenzie of 7th Canadian Machine Gun Company, C.E.F., organized parties to capture a nearby German ‘pillbox’ in a dominant position near Passchendaele, Belgium, by attacking its flanks as well as by a frontal assault. He was killed while leading the frontal attack. For his conduct on this occasion, McKenzie was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously.
At Passchendaele, Sergeant George Mullin of the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry killed an enemy sniper, shot two German machine gunners with his revolver and compelled 10 others to surrender. For his actions Sergeant Mullin earned the Victoria Cross.