Details/Information for Canadian Forces (CF) Operation East Pakistan 1963

CF Overseas Operations have most often operated within the construct of an international mandate. As such, the International Information is presented first in order to provide the context of the Canadian Operation (displayed second). Eventually, all rotations associated with the particular Canadian operation will also be displayed.

East Pakistan 1963
Yukon Aircraft of 437 Squadron is being loaded with
tents and blankets for airlift to Dacca, East Pakistan.

International Information

International Operation Name: East Pakistan 1963

International Mission Name: East Pakistan 1963

Mandating Organization: Government of Canada

Region Name: Asia

Location: Pakistan

Mission Date: 1 June 1963 - 30 June 1963

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Canadian Forces (CF) Information (East Pakistan 1963)

Canadian Task Force Name Mission Statement:

To provide humanitarian aid after a typhoon hit the region.

CF Mission/Operation Notes:

Bangladesh (known as East Pakistan in 1963) is situated at the top of the Bay of Bengal. Towards Bangladesh the waters of the Bay become shallower because of the silt deposited each year by the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers. The two rivers have also created a very low, flat flood plain that forms most of Bangladesh. The Bay of Bengal has two cyclone seasons: May to July, and October to November. In between these cyclone seasons are the monsoons, bringing heavy rains from June through September. Bangladesh is thus very prone to flooding.

Between 20 and 23 May, a cyclone slowly moved up the Bay of Bengal. East Pakistan was flooded through storm surge and rain, with winds destroying many structures that were not flooded. An estimated 22,000 people were killed, while a further 500,000 were left homeless.

In June, a 437 Squadron Yukon left RCAF Station Trenton with 12 ½ tons of supplies. Besides medicine and clothing, the aircraft also carried six tons of equipment required to rebuild the electrical system destroyed by the cyclone.