Details/Information for Canadian Forces (CF) Operation BOREAL II

CF Overseas Operations have most often operated within the construct of an international mandate. As such, the International Information is presented first in order to provide the context of the Canadian Operation (displayed second). Eventually, all rotations associated with the particular Canadian operation will also be displayed.

International Information

International Operation Name: RUSSIA - 1993

International Mission Name: RUSSIA - 1993

Mandating Organization: Government of Canada

Region Name: Europe

Location: Former Soviet Union; Russia

Mission Date: 20 January 1993 - 18 March 1993

Mandate: To deliver medical supplies to Russia.


While the urgency that required Op Boreal had been mitigated, the need for further aid flights to the former Soviet Union was recognized. The Prime Minister promised a donation of $5 million to the Canadian Red Cross to purchase medical supplies for delivery to Russia. Because some of these medicines were time-sensitive, they had to be delivered as quickly as possible after manufacture. Planning for a second series of aid flights – Op BOREAL II – began in November 1992.

On 20 January 1993, Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Air Command issued the order to begin Op Boreal II. Between 6 February and 18 March, CC-137 Boeing aircraft departed for Russia on 20 separate flights. Departing CFB Trenton every two days, the flights stopped at Helsinki, Finland on the way to and from Russia for a crew change. Besides the flight crew, each aircraft carried one Russian navigator, a military policeman for security of the plane while in Russia, and a team of five Mobile Air Movements Section personnel to offload the aircraft. Overall they carried 225,000 kilograms of medical supplies to 14 cities.