Details/Information for Canadian Forces (CF) Operation MACEDOINE

CF Overseas Operations have most often operated within the construct of an international mandate. As such, the International Information is presented first in order to provide the context of the Canadian Operation (displayed second). Eventually, all rotations associated with the particular Canadian operation will also be displayed.

MACEDOINE

International Information

International Operation Name: Operation MACEDOINE

International Mission Name: Operation MACEDOINE

Mandating Organization: Government of Canada

Region Name: Europe

Location: Armenia

Mission Date: 12 December 1988 - 22 December 1988

Mission Mandate: To deliver humanitarian aid to Armenia.

Mission/Operation Notes:

On December 7th, a magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. Four minutes later, a second earthquake, magnitude 5.8, struck. Whole towns in northwest Armenia were reduced to rubble, including Kirovakan Leninakan, Spitak, and Stepanovan. The destruction killed 25,000 (2.5 percent of Armenia’s population) injured 40,000 and left 400,000 homeless at the start of winter. With the transportation network in ruins and rubble filling the streets, rescue efforts were hindered and aid was slow in arriving.

Red Cross relief supplies and food and clothing donated by the Armenian community in Montreal were flown to Larnaca, Cyprus using 437 Squadron Boeing. It was then flown to Armenia in shuttle runs by 436 Squadron Hercules from 12 to 22 December.

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