Details/Information for Canadian Forces (CF) Operation QUADRANT

CF Overseas Operations have most often operated within the construct of an international mandate. As such, the International Information is presented first in order to provide the context of the Canadian Operation (displayed second). Eventually, all rotations associated with the particular Canadian operation will also be displayed.

QUADRANT

International Information

International Operation Name: Ammunition Management and Ordnance Disposal Advisory Training Team

International Mission Name: Ammunition Management and Ordnance Disposal Advisory Training Team (AMODATT)

Mandating Organization: United Nations

Region Name: Europe

Location: Albania

Mission Date: 10 June 1999 - Present

Mission Mandate:

To perform basic civilian administrative functions; promote the establishment of substantial autonomy and self-government in Kosovo; facilitate a political process to determine Kosovo’s future status; coordinate humanitarian and disaster relief of all international agencies; support the reconstruction of key infrastructure; maintain civil law and order; promote human rights; and assure the safe and unimpeded return of all refugees and displaced persons to their homes in Kosovo.

Mission/Operation Notes:

With the completion of the air campaign over Kosovo in early June of 1999, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization began deploying its Kosovo Force (KFOR) to secure the military situation on the ground. Tasked with providing an international security presence, KFOR moved quickly to establish the conditions under which the United Nations Interim Administration Mission (UNMIK) could be established as a means of rebuilding the civilian political and administrative situation in the province of Kosovo. UNMIK was established on 10 June 1999 under Security Council Resolution 1244, and brought together four “pillars” under its leadership. Pillar I was Police and Justice and Pillar II was Civil Administration, both of which came under the direct leadership of the United Nations. Pillar III was Democratization and Institution Building, led by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE); and Pillar IV was Reconstruction and Economic Development, led by the European Union (EU). To this end civilian administrators, judicial experts, civilian police and humanitarian agency workers were deployed in a wide variety of duties.

Five years after the Kosovo Air campaign began, UNMIK continues to provide administrative leadership for Kosovo. In January 2000, UNMIK helped to create Joint Interim Administrative Departments; in October 2000, local elections took place in Kosovo's 30 Municipalities; in May 2001, the new Constitutional Framework of Kosovo was adopted; and in November of 2001, Province-wide elections took place under UNMIK’s supervision.

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Canadian Forces (CF) Information (QUADRANT)

Name: QUADRANT

Date: 1 October 2000 - 5 March 2002

CF Mission/Operation Notes:

Canada’s participation in UNMIK began in June of 1999, when six Canadian staff positions were assigned to UNMIK from KFOR-HQ. When Op KINETIC - Canada’s major contribution to KFOR – stood down in June, the six positions were redesignated Op QUADRANT, which later became the group name for all minor operations in the Balkans not captured under a unique operation name.

The initial deployment of the six members were as follows; one Lieutenant Colonel to UNMIK-HQ as a liaison officer; one Major to OSCE office in Pristina as a communications officer; one Lieutenant Colonel as liaison officer and three Master Corporals as admin staff to the Mine Action Center (UNMACC) in Pristina. The duration of all positions was six months, but at the end of the rotation in December 1999, only one position – the liaison officer to UNMIK – was renewed. This position would continue to remain active until September of 2002 when the last Canadian officer returned to Canada.

In the late summer of 2000, Canada was approached to provide a team leader for NATO’s Partnership for Peace Ammunition Management and Ordnance Disposal Advisory Training Team (AMODATT) in Albania. Also under the designation of Operation QUADRANT, a Major was sent in October of 2000, and initially filled this position for a period of one year. In September 2001, he was replaced by a captain and a warrant officer who served for a six-month period. This portion of Op QUADRANT completed its mission on 5 March 2002.