Operations Database Glossary and Definitions of Terms

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

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Administrative Control: the direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations in respect of administrative matters such as personnel management, supply, services, and other matters not included in the operational missions of the subordinate or other organizations. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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Canadian Forces (NDA): The armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consisting of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces.

CDS: Chief of the Defence Staff. The CDS is responsible to the minister of national defence (MND) for the conduct of military operations. The CDS, by virtue of his appointment, commands the CF and generally operates at the strategic level. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

CIMIC: Civil-Military Cooperation

Contingency Operations: Can be conducted in either a domestic or international theatre. If an operation does not clearly fall into the routine category, then it is a contingency operation and a grouping, tailored to the operation is generated. Any grouping created for a contingency operation, regardless of size, is called a Task Force (TF) (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Command: the authority vested in an individual of the armed forces for the direction, coordination, and control of military forces. Command is further defined in terms of three levels: Full, operational, and tactical command. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Control: That authority exercised by a commander over part of the activities of subordinate organizations not normally under his command, which encompasses the responsibility for implementing orders or directions. All or part of this authority may be transferred or delegated. This term is defined specifically under operational, tactical, administrative and technical control. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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DCDS:Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff. The DCDS is the chief operations officer for the CF and is responsible to the CDS for directing the operations of the CF. He is assisted by the chief of staff (COS) J3 who is responsible to him for issuing all operational tasking for the CF to meet programmed and emergency activities. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Domestic Operations: activities to provide assistance during civil emergencies, support national development goals or support and /or restore the maintenance of public order and security. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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Full Command: The military authority and responsibility of a superior officer to issue orders to subordinates. The term "full command" is equivalent to "command" as defined in QR&Os. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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General Assembly: the General Assembly is made up of member states of the United Nations.

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Humanitarian Assistance: may be conducted independently or as part of a peace-support operation. These operations may involve such activities as providing security of convoys under the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) or providing the actual means of delivery of aid by land, sea or air. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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J Staff: the J staff is responsible for the staff effort related to the planning, conduct and coordination of operations at the strategic level. Its purpose is to focus and accelerate NDHQ matrix activities in the planning, execution and sustainment of operations. It offers the J3 (DCDS) ready access to the NDHQ Groups and provides an operational commander with a single point of contact within HDHQ for each operation. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NDHQ: National Defence Headquarters.

NGO: Non-Governmental Organization.

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Operation (OP) The employment of an element or elements of the CF to perform a specific mission. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Operational Command (OPCOM): the authority granted to a commander to assign mission or tasks to subordinate commanders to deploy units to reassign forces and to retain or delegate operational command (OPCON) or Tactical Control (TACON) as may be deemed necessary. It does not of itself include responsibility for administration or logistics. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Operational Control (OPCON):the authority delegated to a commander to direct assigned forces to accomplish specific missions or tasks which are usually limited by function, time, or location; to deploy units concerned; and to retain or assign tactical control (TACON) of those units. It does not include authority to assign separate employment of components of the units concerned. Neither does it, of itself, include administrative or logistic control. The commander given OPCON of a unit may not exceed the limits of its uses as laid down in the directive without reference to the delegating authority. OPCON does not include the authority to employ a unit, or any part of it, for tasks other than the assigned task or to disrupt its basic organization so that it cannot readily be given a new task or be redeployed. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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Peace Support Operations: Peace support operations are broken into five categories: preventive diplomacy, peacemaking, peace enforcement, peacekeeping, and peace building. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Preventive Diplomacy: Action taken to prevent disputes from arising between parties, to prevent existing disputes from escalating into conflicts, and to limit the spread of the latter when they occur. The military contribution to preventative diplomacy could include the use of military expertise in fact-finding mission or tin efforts to improve some of the causes of disputes. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Peacemaking: the process of resolving disputes that could lead to conflict, primarily through diplomacy, mediation, negotiation or other forms of peaceful settlement. Military involvement is generally limited to a few specialists. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Peace Enforcement: Military operation to restore peace or to establish specified conditions in an area of conflict or tension where the parties may not consent to intervention and may be engaged in combat activities. The military force then acts to impose adherence to a resolution adopted by the Security Council. Enforcement actions may involve actions to enforce sanctions, no-fly zones or other specific limiting activities and may be conducted under UN leadership or by a coalition of member states operating on behalf of the UN. Enforcement is an aspect of peace-support operations only when it is limited in scope, local in nature and in support of a peacemaking or peacekeeping mission. Enforcement actions that involve major campaigns, such as those necessary to restore lost territory, are beyond the scope of peace support and are treated as military contingency operation. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Peacekeeping: The prevention, containment, moderation and termination of hostilities between or within states through an impartial third-party intervention organized and directed internationally for restoring and maintaining peace. This intervention is conducted using military forces, police and civilians and usually with the consent of the main belligerents. This category includes military observer missions and missions requiring formed military units. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Peacebuilding: Post-conflict actions in the aftermath of international conflict or civil strife to strengthen and solidify peace in order to avoid a relapse into conflict. Military involvement could include restoration of infrastructure, training of military forces in democratic processes, monitoring of elections and demining. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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Routine Operations: Routine operations are those operations for which a given Capability Component (CC) has been specifically tasked, reorganized and equipped. Routine operations use existing command and control relationships and there is no requirement to use joint terminology. Doctrine for routine operations is generally Environmental in nature. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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Secretary-General: A United Nations post. The Secretary-General is appointed for a five-year term by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council. He represents the international community and can act as an independent spokes person on global issues. The Secretary-General is empowered under the UN Charter to notify the Security Council of any matter, which in his or her opinion may threaten international peace and security. Besides being the UN's chief administrative officer (CAO), the Secretary-General has wide-ranging political responsibilities. He or she is responsible to the Security Council for security matters, and along with his or her staff (the Secretariat), is responsible for organizing and maintaining peace support operations mandated by the Security Council. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Security Council: the Security Council is an United Nations body consisting of five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members, five of which are elected each year by the General Assembly. The permanent members are the People's Republic of China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The Security Council has the primary responsibility of maintaining international peace and security under the UN Charter on behalf of the members of the General ASsembly. The council can take measures to effect the pacific settlement of disputes or take action involving the employment of armed forces with respect ot the peace, breaches of the peace, and acts of aggression. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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Task Force (TF): A temporary grouping of units under one commander, formed for the purpose of carrying out a specific operation or mission. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Tactical Command (TACOM): the authority delegated to a commander to assign tasks to forces under his command for the accomplishment of the mission assigned by higher authority. It is narrower in scope than operational command (OPCON) but includes the authority to delegate or retain tactical control (TACON). (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

Tactical Control (TACON):the detailed and, usually, local direction and control of movements or manoeuvres necessary to accomplish mission or tasks assigned. In general, TACON is delegated only when two or more units not under the same OPCON are combined to form a cohesive tactical unit. A commander having TACON of the unit is responsible for the method used. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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UN: United Nations

UNHCR: United Nations High Commission for Refugees. It is a department within the UN.

UN Special Representative: Appointed by the Secretary-General, the special representative or special envoy will conduct fact-finding visits and provide a report to the Secretary-General. The representative is authorized to conduct meetings with potential host nations, belligerents and regional organizations on behalf of the UN.

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VCDS: Vice-Chief of the Defence Staff. The BCDS is responsible to the CDS for force planning and development. As chief of staff (COS) at national defence headquarters (NDHQ) he coordinates the activities of the group principals. (B-GG-005-004/AF-000)

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