Obsolete Long Service Awards

Before the introduction of the Canadian Forces’ Decorations (C.D.), members of His/Her Majestys Canadian Forces were eligible to various long service awards. All those awards were similar or directly related to equivalent British awards and all were part of the Imperial Honours System.

In this complex system, there were distinct awards for officers and men, for each service (Navy, Army and Air Force) and for each type of service (permanent or regular force vs reserve components). It should be noted that permanent force (regular) officers were not eligible for any long service awards as it was felt that as they held a commission, they were expected to serve honourably and for a long period of time. Reserve officers (except in the RCAF) were eligible for various long service decorations, therefore granting them the use of postnominals while other ranks were eligible for various long service and good conduct medals, without postnominals. The C.D. for which all members of the Canadian Forces became eligible regardless of rank, service or status, replaced all these awards in Canada.

A brief outline of those awards now obsolete follows. Note that only those awards still in issue at the time of introduction of the C.D. have been included and the brief outline provided for each award is in no way a complete and detailed criteria.

The Directorate of Honours and Recognition (DH&R) still administers initial issues and replacements of those awards for eligible veterans who entered the service on or before 1 September 1939.

REGULAR/PERMANENT FORCES
ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY (RCN)
RCN Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Officers No award
Other ranks RCN Long Service and Good Conduct Medal

Created in 1925 and awarded for 15 years service to Chief Petty Officers, Petty Officers and sailors of the Royal Canadian Navy. There was a bar for each additional period of 15 years of service. 864 medals and 3 bars were awarded to Canadians.

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CANADIAN ARMY
Canadian Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct (Military) Officers No award
Other ranks Canadian Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct (Military).

Introduced in 1930 and awarded for 18 years service to Non-Commissioned Officers and men of the Permanent Force Army. In August 1944 a bar was created to be awarded for additional periods of 18 years of service. This medal was also awarded to other ranks of the RCAF until the introduction of the RCAF Long Service and Good Conduct Medal in August 1944. 2,200 medals, 32 first bars and 2 second bars were awarded to Canadians.

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ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE (RCAF)
RCAF Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Officers No award
Other ranks RCAF Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.

Introduced on 1 August 1944 and awarded for 18 years service to Warrant Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and airmen of the Royal Canadian Air Force (permanent members). 487 medals were awarded to Canadians.

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RESERVE FORCES
ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE (RCNVR) AND ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY (RESERVE) (RCN(R))
Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve (Officers) Decoration (V.R.D.) Officers Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve (Officers) Decoration (V.R.D.) or Royal Canadian Navy (Reserve) Decoration (R.D.).

Introduced in 1938 and awarded to officers for 20 years service in the RCNVR (1938-1945) or the RCN(R) (after 1 Jan 1946). 36 awards were made to the RCNVR and 16 to the RCN(R).
Royal Canadian Navy (Reserve) Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Other ranks Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal or Royal Canadian Navy (Reserve) Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.

Introduced in 1938 and awarded for 12 years service to Chief Petty Officers, Petty Officer and sailors of the RCNVR (1938-1945) and the RCN(R) (from 1 Jan 1946). A bar was awarded for each additional period of 12 years service. Approximately 582 medals and 19 bars weren awarded to the RCNVR and 19 medals were awarded to the RCN(R).

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NON-PERMANENT ACTIVE MILITIA
Canadian Efficiency Decoration (E.D.) Officers Canadian Efficiency Decoration (E.D.).

Introduced in 1931 and awarded for 20 years service to Commissioned Officers of the Non-Permanent Active Militia. A bar was awarded for each additional period of 20 years of service. The decoration was also awarded to RCAF Auxiliary and Reserve officers until the introduction of the Air Efficiency Award in 1942. Approximately 3,700 decorations were issued to Canadians.
Canadian Efficiency Medal Other ranks Canadian Efficiency Medal.

Introduced in 1931 and awarded for 12 years service to Warrant Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and men of the Non-Permanent Active Militia. A bar was awarded for each additional period of 6 years of service. The medal was also awarded to other ranks of the RCAF Auxiliary and Reserve until the introduction of the Air Efficiency Award in 1942. Approximately 12,675 medals, 3,200 first bars, 845 second bars, 140 third bars, 18 fourth bars and 3 fifth bars were awarded to Canadians.

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ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE AUXILIARY AND AUXILIARY ACTIVE AIR FORCE
Air Efficiency Award Officers and other ranks Air Efficiency Award

Introduced in 1942 and awarded for 10 years service to all Officers, Warrant Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers and airmen of the Royal Canadian Air Force Auxiliary and the Auxiliary Active Air Force. 94 medals were issued to Canadians.