DH&R Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Can I wear tour numerals with my MFO medal?
  2. Do I have to have my medals court-mounted?
  3. How do I apply for medals from the First and Second World Wars, and from the United Nations Operations - Korea - 1950-1953?
  4. How do I replace lost/stolen medals?
  5. How do I get a Special Service Medal (SSM)?
  6. I received a foreign award. May I wear it on my uniform?
  7. I served in the Gulf and Kuwait War. May I wear my Saudi Arabian medal and/or the Kuwait Medal of the Liberation of Kuwait as well as my Canadian Gulf and Kuwait Medal?
  8. May I still apply for my UN medal (initial issue) upon my return to Canada if I did not receive it while in theatre?
  9. May I wear a relative's medals?
  10. What is the process for recommending awards to Canadian Forces' individuals or units, such as Bravery Awards (BA), Meritorious Service Decorations (MSD) , Mentions-in-Dispatch (MID) , Chief of the Defence Staff Commendations or Canadian Forces Unit Commendations?
  11. What is the process for the acceptance and wear of foreign awards by CF members?
  12. What is the submission, selection and announcement process for the Order of Military Merit?
  13. Where do I wear tour numerals on my NATO Service medal?
  14. Who controls national honours policy?
  15. Who is eligible to receive the Order of Military Merit?

Question

Can I wear tour numerals with my MFO medal?

Answer

Yes. Canada has adopted the policy of the Multinational Force and Observers with respect to the wearing of tour numerals, contained in MFO Directive 85-4, which states: "The MFO Medal can be awarded only once to a member. Subsequent to that award, a member will be eligible for the award of consecutive numerals to denote each additional six month (minimum 170 days) period of service."

Top of Page

Question

Do I have to have my medals court-mounted?

Answer

Serving Members of the CF must have medals court-mounted.

Top of Page

Question

How do I apply for medals from the First and Second World Wars, and from the United Nations Operations - Korea - 1950-1953?

Answer

Honours and awards from these conflicts are administered by Veterans Affairs Canada. The exception is the Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea which is administered by The Chancellery, Honours Directorate.

Top of Page

Question

How do I replace lost/stolen medals?

Answer

Requests for replacement for serving Canadian Forces' members (Regular, Reserve and Cadet Instructors List) must be submitted on the appropriate form through the chain of command using procedures and reference as outlined DHR's DIN web site. The URS, UIC, rank, surname, given names and date of birth must be included and, depending on the medal to be replaced, the following is also required: Canadian Forces' Decoration - rank held on eligibility; Special Service Medal, United Nations medals, Gulf and Kuwait and Somalia medals - date present in theatre. CDS Commendation - date presented. The unit administrative officer must submit a memorandum stating that the applicant's documents have been reviewed to confirm entitlement. A money order made out to the Receiver General of Canada, and covering the cost of replacement as noted in the table below, must accompany the request for replacement. Requests for replacement for retired Canadian Forces' members must be submitted in writing to the Directorate of History and Heritage providing service number, date of birth, surname, given names. Depending on the medal to be replaced, the following is also required: Canadian Forces' Decoration - rank held on eligibility; Special Service Medal, United Nations medals, Gulf and Kuwait and Somalia medals - date present in theatre. CDS Commendation - date presented.

NOTE: If member is in possession of any document, such as release certificate (or any document containing any information concerning the request) it should be included with the request for replacement. There is a replacement cost for the medals requested. Money order made out the Receiver General of Canada will be requested once entitlement is verified/confirmed.

Medal Replacement Cost
Medal Cost
Canadian Forces' Decoration $40.00
Canadian Forces' Decoration (Clasp only) $15.00
Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal $25.00
Chief of Defence Staff Commendation No Fee
European Community Monitor Mission (Yugoslavia) $25.00
Efficiency Decoration $225.00
Efficiency Medal $105.00
Efficiency Medal (Clasp only) $18.00

General Campaign Star (with ALLIED FORCE ribbon)

$55.00

General Campaign Star (with SOUTH-WEST ASIA ribbon)

$55.00

General Campaign Star (with EXPEDITION ribbon)

$55.00

General Campaign Star (Rotation Bar only)

$15.00

General Service Medal (with ALLIED FORCE ribbon)

$70.00

General Service Medal (with SOUTH-WEST ASIA ribbon)

$70.00

General Service Medal (with EXPEDITION ribbon)

$70.00

General Service Medal (Rotation Bar only)

$15.00

Gulf and Kuwait Medal (no bar) $25.00
Gulf and Kuwait Medal (bar only) $2.00
International Commission for Supervision and Control (Indochina) $45.00
INTERFET (East Timor) $25.00
Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Army $125.00
Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Navy $125.00
Long Service and Good Conduct Medal RCAF $125.00

Memorial Cross

TBD

Multinational Force and Observers (Sinai) $25.00

NATO Medals

$10.00

Operational Service Medal (with EXPEDITION ribbon)

$50.00

Operational Service Medal (with HAITI ribbon)

$50.00

Operational Service Medal (with HUMANITAS ribbon)

$50.00

Operational Service Medal (with SIERRA LEONE ribbon)

$50.00

Operational Service Medal (with SOUTH-WEST ASIA ribbon)

$50.00

Operational Service Medal (with SUDAN ribbon)

$50.00

Operational Service Medal (Rotation Bar only)

$15.00

RCAF Operational Tour Wings No Fee

Sacrifice Medal

$90.00

Somalia Medal $25.00
South-West Asia Service Medal $25.00

South-West Asia Service Medal (Afghanistan bar only)

$2.00

South-West Asia Service Medal (Rotation Bar only)

$15.00

Special Service Medal (with bar(s)) $40.00
United Nation Medals $10.00

Request for replacements for the Memorial Cross are dealt with on a case by case basis. Please contact DH&R directly at 1-877-741-8332 to initiate the process

Top of Page

Question

How do I get a Special Service Medal (SSM)?

Answer

SSMs are never issued without a bar recognizing specific service. Bars are currently available for the following service: Mine Awareness and Clearance Training Program in Pakistan; CFS Alert; NATO, Peacekeeping and Humanitarian. There is a minimum qualifying period for these bars, but not a maximum. Once the qualifying period is met, an application form should be submitted. Additional missions are not recognized by additional bars. For example, once an SSM with HUMANITAS Bar is received, it recognizes any future humanitarian missions an individual may be involved in, and subsequent bars are not issued.

Top of Page

Question

I received a foreign award. May I wear it on my uniform?

Answer

Canadian honours policy requires Government approval before an order, decoration or medal can be awarded to one of its citizens. Canada will not approve the honour for wear unless it emanates from a head of state or government. Except for courtesy reasons at the time of presentation, honours, unless approved by the Government Honours Policy Committee, cannot be worn with other national honours or on a Canadian Forces uniform.

The policy has been described to all diplomatic missions accredited to Canada (Foreign Affairs Circular Note No. XDC-0678, 31 March, 2005), and is outlined in A-AD-200-000/AG-000, Chap 2, with further military instructions.

Top of Page

Question

I served in the Gulf and Kuwait War. May I wear my Saudi Arabian medal and/or the Kuwait Medal of the Liberation of Kuwait as well as my Canadian Gulf and Kuwait Medal?

Answer

Canada's national honours policy prohibits the wear of more than one medal for the same service. The only medal authorized for wear by Canadian Forces members involved in the Gulf War is the Canadian Gulf and Kuwait Medal. The Saudi Arabian Kuwait Liberation Medal and/or the Kuwait Medal of the Liberation of Kuwait may be accepted, but not worn (SEE "I received a foreign award. May I wear it on my uniform?").

Top of Page

Question

May I still apply for my UN medal (initial issue) upon my return to Canada if I did not receive it while in theatre?

Answer

Available within 12 months of repatriation only.

UN medals are normally awarded to members in theatre before repatriation. However, when a qualified member is repatriated before the medal can be presented, the member's home unit makes an application on behalf of the member.

The UN will strictly apply their medals policy and will no longer consider requests for initial issue of UN medals that are submitted more than one year after repatriation from mission area.

Members returning from UN missions must ensure units submit applications as soon as possible after repatriation.

Top of Page

Question

May I wear a relative's medals?

Answer

Article 419 of the Criminal Code of Canada prohibits the wearing of orders, decorations and medals by anyone other than the individual who was awarded the honour.

Top of Page

Question

What is the process for recommending awards to Canadian Forces' individuals or units, such as Bravery Awards (BA), Meritorious Service Decorations (MSD), Mentions-in-Dispatch (MID), Chief of the Defence Staff Commendations or Canadian Forces Unit Commendations?

Answer

The Canadian Forces Decorations and Commendations Advisory Committee (CFDCAC ) meets quarterly to consider nominations for these awards. Recommendations that are not received in time for the current meeting are placed on the agenda of the next available meeting. Recommendations for awards stemming from operations, either outside Canada or domestic (such as the Winnipeg floods, Ice Storm 98, etc) are forwarded, through the chain of command, to the Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff for approval. Other recommendations are forwarded through the chain of command. Once approved by the Committee, recommendations for BAs, MSDs, MIDs are sent to the Governor General for approval. It should be noted that military recommendations for bravery awards should be initiated not more than 30 days after the incident has occurred and include witness statements. The Government will not adjudicate bravery awards received more than two years after the event.

Top of Page

Question

What is the process for the acceptance and wear of foreign awards by CF members?

Answer

The Chancellery of Honours at Government House administers national honours on behalf of the Government of Canada. The Department of National Defence does not have the authority to approve the acceptance and/or wear of foreign awards. Only those awards emanating from a head of state/government will be authorized for wear with Canadian national honours or on the CF uniform.

The diplomatic process is:

  1. Originating government forwards request to their embassy in Canada, who in turn attaches a diplomatic note and sends to the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) ;
  2. DFAIT submits to Chancellery of Honours, Government House, for tabling at the Government Honours Policy Sub-committee;
  3. Once the Sub-committee approves, DFAIT informs donour government of acceptance;
  4. Approximately four months after committee approval, the Chancellery of Honours publishes the award in the Gazette and the individual is sent a letter by the Chancellery informing them they can accept and wear the honour.

Awards are occasionally presented before the diplomatic process has been completed. In these cases, they may be accepted and worn at time of presentation, but must be removed after that until Government approval has been granted for their wear.

Applications for permission to wear will not be accepted from individuals after they have been presented the medal. DFAIT will only accept applications which follow the process noted above.

The Government will not approve wear of foreign awards, which emanate from other than the head of state/government (e.g., achievement medals, commendations, etc). Except for courtesy reasons at the time of presentation these types of awards can be accepted as private mementos only and cannot be worn with national honours or on a CF uniform.

The policy has been described to all diplomatic missions accredited to Canada (Foreign Affairs Circular Note No. XDC-0678, 31 March, 2005), and is outlined in A-AD-200-000/AG-000, Chap 2, with further military instructions.

Top of Page

Question

What is the submission, selection and announcement process for the Order of Military Merit?

Answer

The commanding officer prepares the submission, which is forwarded through the chain of command for pre-selection. Annual meetings of the Order of Military Merit Advisory Committee, chaired by the Chief of the Defence Staff, are held in October/November each year and investitures are held the following spring. The recommendations of the Advisory Committee are forwarded to the Governor General for approval. Once approved, an announcement message is prepared and released by the Chief of the Defence Staff, normally before Christmas.

Top of Page

Question

Where do I wear tour numerals on my NATO Service medal?

Answer

Tour numerals are worn centered on the ribbon below the bar. If a member has been awarded the MID, then the oak leaf is worn above the bar.

Top of Page

Question

Who controls national honours policy?

Answer

National honours policy is administered by the Chancellery at Government House on behalf of the Government of Canada. It does not fall under the purview of the Department of National Defence (DND). DND is only responsible for its own departmental awards, such as Chief of the Defence Staff and Canadian Forces Unit Commendations. Questions on honours and awards for the Canadian Forces should always be forwarded through the chain of command. Questions on Canadian national honours administration and general honours policy may be addressed to The Chancellery, Honours Directorate.

Top of Page

Question

Who is eligible to receive the Order of Military Merit?

Answer

Active, serving members of the Canadian Forces, either Regular Force, Primary Reserves, Cadet Instructor Cadre or Canadian Rangers. Members of the armed forces of countries other than Canada are eligible to receive honourary appointment to the Order.